The environmental legislation contained in the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 set the
stage for green chemistry. Environmental concerns in research and industry are
increasing with more and more pressure to reduce the number of pollutants produced.
Green chemistry, environmentally benign chemistry and sustainable chemistry
involve the design of chemical products and processes that eliminates the use and
generation of hazardous substances.
Carbon nanotubes are rolled up graphene sheets with a quasi-one-dimensional structure of
nanometer-scale diameters. More than twenty years have passed since the pioneering work on
carbon nanotubes by Prof. Iijima in 1991. During all these years, carbon nanotubes have at‐
tracted a lot of attention from physicists, chemists, material scientists, and electronic device
engineers because of their excellent structural, electronic, optical, chemical, and mechanical
Nanomaterials, characterized by at least one dimension in the nanometer range,
can be considered to constitute a bridge between single molecules and infinite bulk
systems. Besides individual nanostructures involving clusters, nanoparticles,
quantum dots, nanowires and nanotubes, collections of these nanostructures in
the form of arrays and superlattices are of vital interest to the science and technology
This potentially unique work offers various approaches on the implementation of
nanowires. As it is widely known, nanotechnology presents the control of matter at
the nanoscale and nanodimensions within few nanometers, whereas this exclusive
phenomenon enables us to determine novel applications.
Nanowire technology has considerably improved and developed many technologies
and industry sectors in the field of IT, communications, computer technology,
medicine devices, sensors applications and many others....
Nanotechnologies have already attracted massive interest in multiple fields of science and industry. In the past decades, we have witnessed the progress in micro-level experimental techniques that revolutionize the material science. Designing new materials based on the knowledge of mechanics of their building blocks and microstructure manipulations at nanometer scale have become a reality. Nanoindentation, as a leading micro-level mechanical testing technique, has attracted wide attention in numerous research fields and applications....