Research activities in laser physics and in photonics technologies over the last two
decades have continuously produced a large diversity of new advances. Several
examples illustrate the major impact of optics in the quantum sciences, engineering,
metrology, communication fiber networks, or high-capacity data storage. Besides
these established fields of research and development for industry or for the consumer
markets, laser optics will certainly disseminate in the near future in new areas such
as biology, chemistry, medicine, or nanotechnologies.
Biophotonics is revolutionizing the field of medicine, biology and
chemistry and creating a new breed of medical engineers while at the
same time getting engineers a taste of medicine. From an engineer's
perspective, biophotonics is the application of photonics - the technology
of generating and harnessing packet of light energy called photons - to
image, detect and manipulate biological materials. In biology the
understanding of molecular mechanisms, function of proteins and
molecules has seen great new advances.
This is the first book to cover the history, structure, and application of atomic force microscopy in cell biology. Presented in the clear, well-illustrated style of the Methods in Cell Biology series, it introduces the atomic force microscope (AFM) to its readers and enables them to tap the power and scope of this technology to further their own research. A practical laboratory guide for use of the atomic force and photonic force microscopes, it provides updated technology and methods in force spectroscopy.
The new emerging field of photonics has significantly attracted the interest of many societies, professionals and researchers around the world. The great importance of this field is due to its applicability and possible utilization in almost all scientific and industrial areas. This book presents some advanced research topics in photonics. It consists of 16 chapters organized into three sections: Integrated Photonics, Photonic Materials and Photonic Applications. It can be said that this book is a good contribution for paving the way for further innovations in photonic technology. ...
This book collects chapters on different theoretical and experimental aspects of photonics crystals for Nanophotonics applications. It is divided in two parts - a theoretical section and an experimental and applicative section.
Research and development in modern optical and photonic technologies have
witnessed quite fast growing advancements in various fundamental and application areas
due to availability of novel fabrication and measurement techniques, advanced numerical
simulation tools and methods, as well as due to the increasing practical demands. The recent
advancements have also been accompanied by the appearance of various interdisciplinary
The book presents several approaches in the key areas of practice for which the MATLAB software package was used. Topics covered include applications for: -Motors -Power systems -Robots -Vehicles The rapid development of technology impacts all areas. Authors of the book chapters, who are experts in their field, present interesting solutions of their work. The book will familiarize the readers with the solutions and enable the readers to enlarge them by their own research. It will be of great interest to control and electrical engineers and students in the fields of research the book covers....
Generally the term photonic crystal refers to two dimensional (2-D) and three
dimensional (3-D) structures. Using 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals it is possible to
control the propagation of light at arbitrary angles of incidence and not only the light
normally incident as is the case for conventional optical films. Further, using photonic
crystals, it is possible to achieve optical functionality not possible using conventional
optical materials. This book provides a complete overview about photonic crystals
including properties, applications, approaches and methods for the study....
In the recent decades, there has been a growing interest in micro- and nanotechnology. The advances in nanotechnology give rise to new applications and new types of materials with unique electromagnetic and mechanical properties. This book is devoted to the modern methods in electrodynamics and acoustics, which have been developed to describe wave propagation in these modern materials and nanodevices.
Optoelectronics - Devices and Applications is the second part of an edited anthology
on the multifaceted areas of optoelectronics by a selected group of authors including
promising novices to experts in the field, where are discussed design and fabrication
of device structures and the underlying phenomena. Many of the optoelectronic and
photonic effects are integrated into a vast array of devices and applications in
numerous combinations, and more are in fast development.
The book collects original and innovative research studies of the experienced and actively working scientists in the field of wave propagation which produced new methods in this area of research and obtained new and important results. Every chapter of this book is the result of the authors achieved in the particular field of research. The themes of the studies vary from investigation on modern applications such as metamaterials, photonic crystals and nanofocusing of light to the traditional engineering applications of electrodynamics such as antennas, waveguides and radar investigations....
There have been several significant advances innuclearmedicine since the publication of the
second edition of Practical NuclearMedicine. The last seven years have seen great strides in
instrumentation, including new coincidence detectors, the development of a wider variety
of crystals, and the advent of combined anatomical/functional imaging devices, including
PET/CT and SPECT/CT. PET imaging with 18F-FDG has become a mainstay of many
clinical settings, and other radiotracers are finding theirway into the rapidly expanding field
of oncologic PET.
This book deal with the modern developing of microwave and millimeter wave technologies.
The first chapter is aimed at describing the evolution of technological processes for the design
of passive functions in millimetre-wave frequency range. From the results HR SOI seems to
be a good candidate in the coming year to address both low cost and low power mass market
CMOS digital and RF/ MMW applications.
Semiconductor lasers are among the most important optoelectronics
devices. Remarkable development has been accomplished in the three
decades since the first achievement in room-temperature continuous
oscillation, which opened the possibility of practical applications of
semiconductor lasers. Today, various types of semiconductor lasers are
mass-produced and widely used as coherent light sources for a variety of
applications, including optical fiber communication systems and optical
disk memory systems....
Why to deal with lasers?
Lasers are used for medical applications
Lasers may be the key part for future power plants (fusion reactors)
tubes contain the laser beams
1 ns pulse duration, 45 kJ/pulse, 100 TW peak power
Lawrence-Livermore Laboratory, USA,
National Ingnition Facilty, NOVA laser system
Lasers are a key part of todays
consumer electronics, telecommunication, and computer technology
Digital Video Disk (DVD)
Although we are well into the fourth decade since the advent of the laser, the number
and type of lasers and their wavelength coverage continue to expand. One seeking a
photon source is now confronted with an enormous number of possible lasers and laser
wavelengths. In addition, various techniques of frequency conversion—harmonic
generation, optical parametric oscillation, sum- and difference-frequency mixing, and
Raman shifting—can be used to enlarge the spectral coverage.
Medina et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:369 http://www.nanoscalereslett.com/content/6/1/369
Hyperspectral optical imaging of two different species of lepidoptera
José Manuel Medina1*, Sérgio Miguel Cardoso Nascimento1 and Pete Vukusic2
Abstract In this article, we report a hyperspectral optical imaging application for measurement of the reflectance spectra of photonic structures that produce structural colors with high spatial resolution.
The ambulance sped down the Denver highway carrying Mr. Rosnes Avon to the
hospital. The flashing lights illuminated the darkness of the night, and the siren
alerted those drivers who braved the icy cold weather.Mrs. Avon’s voice was clearly
shaken as she placed the emergency telephone call a few minutes earlier. Her hus-
band was complaining of severe palpitations in his heart and shortness of breath.
She sat next to him in the rear of the ambulance and held his hand in silence, but her
eyes could not hide her concern and fear....
The book embraces a wide spectrum of problems falling under the concepts of "Quantum optics" and "Laser experiments". These actively developing branches of physics are of great significance both for theoretical understanding of the quantum nature of optical phenomena and for practical applications.
The 21st century is said to be a photon-century. People meet contemporary optics
(holography, as well) applications everywhere. It would be appropriate to increase the
common education level in this field for people to be able to understand new surrounding
technologies, entering our everyday lives. Optics serves as an important part of many
scientific experimental methods. This way, such information could be useful also for
researchers without a professional optical education.