The excavations conducted by the Greek Archæological Society at Athens from 1883 to 1889 have laid bare
the entire surface of the Acropolis, and shed an unexpected light upon the early history of Attic art. Many questions which once seemed unanswerable are now definitively answered, and, on the other hand, many new
questions have been raised.
The genus Camelus was probably among the last of the major domestic species to be put
to regular use by man. There is a little direct evidence for an exact time of domestication,
mainly because the camel has changed relatively little as a result of selection and,
whereas it is possible at archaeological sites to observe the changes in other species, this
is not the case for camels. Since the early camel owners were nomadic, they left few
permanent mementoes of their presence. The most likely time of domestication, however,
is about 4000 years BP (before present).
There is more direct evidence of domestication of the South American camelids than of
the old world ones. The archaeological evidence suggests that llama and alpaca were
domesticated at very high altitudes of 4000 to 5000 m in the Andes of southern Peru and
western Bolivia. An approximate time of first domestication would be about 6000 years
BP. This period has been based on changes in the type of molar teeth and the increasing
numbers of bones of young as compared to old animals found at archaeological sites. ...
This paper is an analysis of materials taken from the excavation site of the Villa
Bottaro. The first chapter will provide the background of the ancient villa using the
excavation reports and other documents to examine the archaeological site and the
objects excavated. Chapter 2 is a review of the traditional understanding of the Third
and Fourth Styles of Pompeian wall painting developed by the art historian August
Mau. Chapter 3 brings forward the recent scholarship that questions the relevance of
Mau's chronological system. ...
Consideration of the impacts on marine archaeologyshould include both designated and undesignatedremains.A small number of shipwrecks in territorialwaters are designated under the Protection of WrecksAct 1973,or protected under the Protection of MilitaryRemains Act 1986,but the vast majority of wrecks,including nationally important sites,are undesignated.Submerged prehistoric land surfaces and theirassociated archaeological remains,which may be ofconsiderable importance,are currently offered no form of statutory protection.
Environmental statements should consider the direct and cumulative impacts of proposed offshoreinstallations,both within the turbine array and on the wider seabed environment.This should include the construction of turbines and meteorological mastsand their foundations;scour protection;burial andarmouring of cables on the site and connection to the shore;and potential hydrological or sedimenttransport effects.The impact assessment of associatedconstruction works should include onshore,inter-tidaland offshore works,as sensitive archaeological sitesmay occur in all these locations.
English Heritage is the Government’s adviser on the historic environment.Central to our role is the advice we give to local planning authorities and governmentdepartments on development proposals affecting historic buildings,sites and areas,archaeology on land and underwater,designed landscapes and the historic aspects of the landscape as a whole.We also manage an estate of over 400 historic propertiesopen to the public.This guidance is intended for developers of wind energy projectswhich may affect any of these aspects of the historic environment.
The author would scarcely have penned this little specimen of what Scott called "antiquarian old womanries,"
but for the interest which he takes in the universally diffused archaic patterns on rocks and stones, which offer
a singular proof of the identity of the working of the human mind. Anthropology and folklore are the natural
companions and aids of prehistoric and proto-historic archaeology, and suggest remarks which may not be
valueless, whatever view we may take of the disputed objects from the Clyde sites.