This is the first study of noblewomen in twelfth-century England and Normandy, and of the ways in which they exercised power. It draws on a rich mix of evidence to offer an important reconceptualisation of women’s role in aristocratic society, and in doing so suggests new ways of looking at lordship and the ruling elite in the high middle ages. The book considers a wide range of literary sources such as chronicles, charters, seals and governmental records to draw out a detailed picture of noblewomen in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm. It asserts the importance of the life-...
Does democracy hurt or help economic performance? There are few questions in political economy that have attracted more attention over the years. Thinking on this subject, in one form or another, goes all the way back to Plato—who favored aristocracy to democracy, and has preoccupied many of the most fertile minds in political philosophy. More recently, with the
advent of cross-national data sources and statistical techniques, there have been numerous econometric studies investigating the relationship between political liberties and economic growth......
It is one of the singular facts in the history of literature, that the most rootedly conservative country in Europe
should have produced the poet of the Revolution. Nowhere is the antipathy to principles and ideas so
profound, nor the addiction to moderate compromise so inveterate, nor the reluctance to advance away from
the past so unconquerable, as in England; and nowhere in England is there so settled an indisposition to regard
any thought or sentiment except in the light of an existing social order, nor so firmly passive a hostility to
generous aspirations, as in the aristocracy.
Earl de Montford sat in a plainly furnished room in his stately mansion. Gorgeously decorated as were the
other apartments of his princely residence, this apartment, with its plain business-look--its hard benches for
such of the tenantry as came to him or his agent on business--its walls garnished with abstracts of the Game
and Poor Law Enactments--its worn old chairs and heavy oak presses, the open doors of some of which
disclosed bundles of old papers, parchments, etc.
Caesar an instrument of Providence His family and person Early manhood; marriage; profession; ambition
Curule magistrates; the Roman Senate Only rich men who control elections ordinarily elected Venality of the
people Caesar borrows money to bribe the people Elected Quaestor Gains a seat in the Senate Second
marriage, with a cousin of Pompey Caesar made Pontifex Maximus; elected Praetor Sent to Spain; military
services in Spain Elected Consul; his reforms; Leges Juliae Opposition of the Aristocracy Assigned to the
province of Gaul His victories over the Gauls and Germans Character of t...