Under moderate conditions the body automatically adjusts itself to keep its temperature within
safe limits. Sweating is the body's most efficient means of getting rid of heat, but the more
humid the air, the harder it is for sweat to evaporate and the harder it is for the body to cool off.
Under hot and humid conditions, work becomes harder because much of our blood is going to
the surface of the body, and less is available to the active muscles. Loss of salt from sweating
can result in fatigue.
State of the Science and Roadmap for Research (hereafter called the Roadmap), that provides an overview of the state of the science and a plan for future research in areas including toxicology, mineralogy, epidemiology, and exposure assessment. The focus of the proposed research is on clarifying the relationship between human health effects and the physical and chemical characteristics
A resolution agreed at ILO’s 2006 conference clariﬁed the purpose of the
asbestos convention. It said “the elimination of the future use of asbestos and
the identiﬁcation and proper management of asbestos currently in place are the
most effective means to protect workers from asbestos exposure and to prevent
future asbestos-related deaths.”
The 2006 resolution added that the convention “should not be used to
provide a justiﬁcation for, or endorsement of, the continued use of asbestos.
Medical Records The worker is assured access to his or her medical records maintained by their employers or by outside contractors. Medical records include: Medical and employment questionnaires or histories (including job description and occupational exposures). Results of medical examinations (pre-employment, pre-assignment, periodic or episodic) and laboratory tests (including X-ray examinations and all biological monitoring). Medical opinions, diagnoses, progress notes and recommendations. Descriptions of treatment and prescriptions. Employee medical complaints.
Exposure to pollutants from the World Trade Center attacks has come primarily in
three phases. First, the collapse of the two 110-story towers and adjacent structures
generated high-intensity, peak pollution discharges on September 11th
. Second, fires
from the crash of two fuel-filled airliners into the Trade Center towers and fires and the
resulting smoke plume at Ground Zero following the towers’ collapse created significant
additional pollution discharges, which continued to some degree for at least three months.
A variety of occupational risks is known to cause
cancer. Every year more than seven million people
die of cancer. Forty percent of these cases could be
prevented which means that one in every ten cancer
deaths is preventable through interventions targeted on
exposure in the working environment.
The articles in this issue of GOHNET highlight
some aspects of the problem and the prevention
of occupational cancer.
Certain jobs have a notorious reputation for causing cancer.
Asbestos and lung cancer and mesothelioma, a cruel and
invariably fatal cancer. Vinyl chloride exposure and liver
cancer. Work in the rubber industry and bladder cancer. And
nasal cancer and work with wood or leather dust.
But many other jobs have a risk which is just as real,
but which is less commonly known. The man who delivered
the milk to an asbestos factory in Canada got cancer as a
result. Nurses handling cancer drugs can be at risk.