Nationalism was a major force in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Latin America after World War I. In China, the Nationalists forced the Communists into retreat and formed a republic. An expansionist military took power in Japan. Economic crises led to military dictatorships throughout Latin America.
The boundaries selected for this first Political and Economic Dictionary of the Middle
East may appear somewhat arbitrary. It is difficult to define precisely ‘the Middle East’:
this foreword attempts to explain the reasoning behind my selection.
The first we know of numbers is when we start learning to count. One,
two, buckle my shoe… Pretty soon we know the number of our age, the
number of the day we were born, the month, the year. Before long we’ve
learnt the numbers we like on the remote control, our friends’ telephone
numbers, the number of our favourite football player, how much pocket
money we’re owed and the cost of the things we want to buy… In the
space of a handful of years, our knowledge of numbers soars from one and
two to thousands and millions. And it goes on growing ad infinitum....
This monograph examines regional, multilateral track two dialogues in the Middle East and South Asia that are focused on arms control and other cooperative security measures. Unofficial policy discourse, or track two diplomacy, is an increasingly important part of the changing international security landscape, with the potential
Over the last two decades there has been a notable increase in the number
of corporate governance codes and principles, as well as a range of
improvements in structures and mechanisms. Despite this, corporate governance
failed to prevent a widespread default of fiduciary duties of
corporate boards and managerial responsibilities in the finance industry,
which contributed to the 2007–2010 global financial crisis.
Welcome to the report of Year Two of the UCLA Internet Project, “Surveying the Digital Future.”
The UCLA Internet Project is a comprehensive, year-to-year examination of the impact of online
technology on America. This work is part of the World Internet Project, which is organized and
coordinated by the UCLA Center for Communication Policy. Included in the World Internet Project are
UCLA’s work and partner studies in countries in Europe, the Middle East, South America, and Asia.
Tea tree is historically the oldest cultivated. Swiss botanist Candolle (1788-1881)
classified into types A tea that is already planted over 4000 years .
Green tea originates from China and has become associated with many cultures in
Asia from Japan and South Korea to the Middle East. Recently, it has become more
widespread in the West. Botanical evidence indicates that India and China were
among the first countries to cultivate tea.
The GCC region is a small but important part of the global economy. Its 2007 real GDP
was around US$810 billion, accounting for just 2.1% of the global total
. Despite the
relatively small size of their economies and populations13
, the rate of GDP growth in GCC
countries reached 6.4% in 2007, which is similar to the Asia Pacific average (5% to 6%).
Its growth rate exceeded the averages for Latin America, Europe, the OECD and the
Middle East. In terms of GDP per capita, Qatar, the UAE, and Kuwait rank among the
In itself, the international workshop was also the first step in integrating the international and
regional networks of social funds by bringing together families of programs that started with
different sector priorities and approaches, such as the AGETIPs in Western Africa and the social
investment funds in Latin America, and by stimulating the creation of social funds networks in
Eastern Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and Northern Africa and the Middle East.
Rising sea levels will result in tens to hundreds of millions more people
flooded each year with warming of 3 or 4°C. There will be serious risks and
increasing pressures for coastal protection in South East Asia (Bangladesh
and Vietnam), small islands in the Caribbean and the Pacific, and large
coastal cities, such as Tokyo, New York, Cairo and London. According to one
estimate, by the middle of the century, 200 million people may become
permanently displaced due to rising sea levels, heavier floods, and more
intense droughts. ...
Epidemiology G6PD deficiency is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical parts of the world (Africa, Southern Europe, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Oceania) (Fig. 101-5) and wherever people from those areas have migrated; a conservative estimate is that at least 400 million people have a G6PD-deficiency gene. In several of these areas, the frequency of a G6PD-deficiency gene may be as high as 20% or more.
Pat Quinn was born and grew up in Dublin. He qualified as an Engineer at the College of Technology,
Bolton Street and in 1956 emigrated to Canada where he was a founding partner of Quinn Dressel
Associates. His firm became one of Canada’s foremost structural engineering firms responsible for
many landmark buildings throughout North America, Europe, the Middle East and Asia including
Calgary City Hall, the Elf Aquitaine Tower in Paris and Shanghai Stock Exchange.
In recent history, H5N1 first appeared in 1997 in Hong Kong’s wet markets (live bird
markets) and chicken farms. Its spread was contained in Hong Kong at that point
following the culling of all poultry in the region. In 2003 the same virus resurfaced -
suggesting it had never been eradicated - and spread relentlessly across East Asia,
decimating the poultry population. In 2005, an outbreak in migratory wild birds in
Qinghai Lake, China killed 6000 birds (Normile 2006b).
The period 1982–2010 covers nearly 30 years and has seen an exponential growth and
global spread of war and conflict. Terrorist attacks and revolutionary wars remain a constant
threat affecting the world from the United States, Europe, the Middle East, and
Africa to Asia. When the 1st Edition of this book was published in 1997 Professor Howard
Champion and his colleagues wrote the Foreword and emphasized that intentional injury
Falconers, from China through Central Asia down into the Middle East, up across Europe
and on to the Americas, awake daily to begin a time honored management routine to prepare
their birds for the field. The origins of the steps each falconer takes daily are often steeped in
tradition, gleaned from experiences through centuries, learned from the falconers who
The consultations of May 29 enabled the different constituencies—social funds’ directors, NGO
representatives, municipal representatives, and international development agencies officials—
to discuss the initial outcomes of the workshop, to elaborate upon common strategies for the
promotion and improvement of social funds, and to arrive at recommendations that were then
presented at the final plenary session.
From 2002 to 2007, remittances to developing
countries increased by 107 per cent (table 3). Much
of this increase occurred in low- and middle-income
countries. In 2005 it was estimated that
approximately 500 million people (8 per cent of the
world’s population) were benefiting from remittances.
Latin America and the Caribbean, East Asia and the
Pacific, and South Asia obtain the largest shares of
international remittances. According to 2007
estimates, these regions received, respectively,
25, 24 and 18 per cent of all official international
remittances to developing countries.
The MMA guidelines are the result of ongoing collaboration across the MMA Mobile Advertising Committee with representation from companies in Asia Pacific (APAC), Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA), Latin America (LATAM) and North America (NA). Committee members are representative of all parties in the mobile marketing ecosystem, including handset manufacturers, operators, content providers, agencies, brands and technology enablers.