English as their native tongue are compelled to write
their work in English which, by chance, happens to be the de facto, universal language of
science. As a result, it compelled me to address many of the aspects of scientific writing from
the viewpoint of non-native English speaking authors and to emphasise that they are not as
disadvantaged as they perhaps may think. The language of science which conveys logic and
reasoning, is independent of the language in which it happens to be expressed.
Michael Alley Mechanical Engineering Department Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA email@example.com
Cover photographs: (Top): Richard Feynman, Nobel prize winner in physics, lecturing on quantum mechanics (courtesy of the Archives, California Institute of Technology, photo 1.10-118). In this photo, Feynman demonstrates the value of communicating with gestures. Gestures and other aspects of delivery are discussed in Chapter 5. (Bottom left): Lightning demonstration at the Deutsches Museum in Munich, Germany (courtesy of the Deutsches Museum).
There is increasing recognition of the fact that the entire range of dependencies that transformational grammars in their various incarnations h a v e t r i e d t o a c c o u n t f o r c a n be satisfactorily captured by classes of rules that are non-transformational and at the same Clme highly constrlaned in terms of the classes of grammars and languages that they define .
This minireview covers the research carried out in recent years into differ-ent aspects of the function of the flavoproteins involved in cyanobacterial
photosynthetic electron transfer from photosystem I to NADP
, flavodox-in and ferredoxin–NADP
reductase. Interactions that stabilize protein–
flavin complexes and tailor the midpoint potentials in these proteins, as
well as many details of the binding and electron transfer to protein and
ligand partners, have been revealed.
This paper describes some r e c e n t d e v e l o p m e n t s i n language processing involving computational models which more closely resemble the brain in both structure and function. These models employ a large number of interconnected parallel computational units which communicate via weighted levels of excitation and inhibition. A specific model is described which uses this approach to process some fragments of connected discourse.
In this paper M-grammars t h a t are used in the Rosetta translation system will be looked at as the specification of a t t r i b u t e grammars. We will show t h a t the a t t r i b u t e evaluation order is such t h a t instead of the special-purpose parsing and generation algorithms introduced for M-grammars in Appelo et al.(1987), also Earley-like context-free parsing and ordinary generation strategies can be used. Furthermore, it is illustrated t h a t the a t t r i...
Teaching additional languages means teaching a second, third
or further language within students’ countries of origin or in
countries to which they have migrated. Because there are so
many languages in the world and so many reasons why students
should learn them, the teaching of additional languages is a
great challenge and opportunity for educators.
This book pioneers life-saving innovations and assists in the combat against world
hunger and food shortages that threaten human essentials, such as water and energy
supply. Floods, droughts, fires, storms, climate change, global warming and
greenhouse gas emissions can be devastating, altering the environment and,
ultimately, the production of foods.
There is no gravitational pull . . . only a push!
This hypothesis provides a general model for the mechanics of gravitation. It in no way refutes the observed behavior of gravitation, but merely seeks to explain it. I have based all but a single aspect of this model on established scientific knowledge, and that single aspect is my prediction of an unknown. (So it remains to be proved or disproved.) The team of medieval physicists stepped out of the time machine and began to examine the strange, new device fastened to the window. They had never before seen a...
It is our pleasure to present the Proceedings of the VI International Workshop
on Relativistic Aspects of Nuclear Physics (RANP 2000). This time,
the meeting took place in Tabatinga, a pleasant beach on the southern coast
of Brazil, for the first time out of the city of Rio de Janeiro. This series of
workshops started in 1989, aiming to stimulate Brazilian scientific activities on
Relativistic Nuclear Physics, especially among young researchers and graduate