Behavioral medicine has now matured as a field to the point where all recognize that different populations are presented with different issues. Psychological reactions and patterns affect the health and well-being of children, as well as adults, and numerous standardized instruments for the assessment of a variety of areas of children's functioning are currently available.
was written to provide a comprehensive foundation for conducting clinical assessment of child and adolescent social-emotional behavior in a practical, scientific, and culturally appropriate manner. It is divided into two major sections.
Early childhood assessment for children from birth to age 8 (Grade 3) report offers information about the extent to which several assessment tools and curriculum materials align with Pennsylvania’s standards for learning (birth to age 8). Given the many resources available on the market, both workgroups limited the list of assessment tools to those that are evidence-based and have demonstrated technological adequacy for the preschool and elementary school age groups.
This report is intended as a review of the transport sector’s contribution to local and
global air pollution, and presents strategic and tactical methods of combating the problem in an
environment of sustainable development and economic growth. The report examines the origins
of–and damages due to–air pollution from transport, assesses the underlying causes, surveys the
principal strategic approaches that are being applied to the problem, and examines the various
mechanisms of intervention available.
This paper concerns the implementation and testing of similarity metrics for the alignment of phonetic segments in transcriptions of children's (mis)articulations with the adult model. This has an obvious application in the development of software to assist speech and language clinicians to assess clients and to plan therapy. This paper will give some of the background to this general problem, but will focus on the computational and linguistic aspect of the alignment problem.
The goal of the Working Group is to recommend principles that both improve the
nutritional quality of foods marketed to children and can be feasibly implemented by
industry with sufficient time to accomplish reformulation. The Working Group recognizes
that, if the proposed nutrition principles were fully implemented by industry as proposed, a
large percentage of food products currently in the marketplace would not meet the principles.
Educational programs that occur in group settings are used to reduce the
risk factors and enhance the protective factors that are associated with the
perpetration of child maltreatment. Often, these programs contain multiple
components that include training on parenting topics (e.g., discipline),
moderated discussions with the children, and facilitated parent-child
interactions. This model provides parents with new skills and gives them
an opportunity to apply the skills in a safe environment. There is some
scientific research showing that programs of this type are effective.
One of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that has made some progress, albeit
slow, is MDG 5: Improve maternal health. The two targets for assessing MDG 5 are reducing
the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by three quarters between 1990 and 2015, and achieving
universal access to reproductive health by 2015. The United Nations (UN) Secretary-General
has launched the Global strategy for women’s and children’s health, to mobilize commitments
by governments, civil society organizations and development partners to accelerate progress
towards MDGs 4 and 5 (1).
The outcomes are available for use by educational managers in curriculum planning,
or as part of quality enhancement or quality assurance processes. These would provide
the core learning outcomes of a primary medical degree programme, although each
country, medical school and student would also be expected to achieve additional
learning outcomes tailored to their local and individual needs. If applied appropriately
and linked to effective assessment, this approach allows each school or country
to have a distinct profile and to focus on particular areas of strength (e.g.
In the 1990s, research priorities have evolved
as efforts to develop a more integrated approach to
case management both in the home and within the
health system have intensified. The success of case-
management strategies depends only in part upon
the availability of services provided by trained health
care workers. Equally important, if not more so, are
the behaviours of the carer in the home and in the
This publication is the fifith in a UNICEF series that monitors progress for children towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It assesses current performance in relation to MDG no.7 which aims to halve by 2015 the number of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. As well as being vital in themselves, safe water and sanitation are also key prerequisites for achieving other MDGs such as reducing child and materal mortality, combating diseases, reducing child undernutrition and achieving universal primary education.
At some point, one in five children and adolescents in the UK will suffer
distress or disorganisation of their behaviour sufficient to be considered
‘disordered’ (Office for National Statistics, 2005). Much of this ‘disorder’
will be dealt with informally and resolve or persist at a low level,
accumulating over time to present at a later stage. Some children and
adolescents will be dealt with by various professionals in various capacities
– teachers, school nurses, general practitioners (GPs), social workers – and
never come to the attention of ‘specialists’.
Throughout this report, we use the term “WT/PT facilities” to mean wind tunnel facilities and propulsion test facilities, that is, the type of NASA facilities we assessed. Since individual facilities within this designation can be either wind tunnel facilities, propulsion test facilities, or both, “WT/PT facilities” serves as a generic term to encompass them all. That being said, when a specific facility is talked about, for clarity, we refer to it as a proper
This research monograph compares mechanisms for the financing of HIV/AIDS programmes in these six sub-Saharan countries. It aims to assess their ability and readiness to respond to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The report presents a brief synopsis of the economic context of each country and determines whether health and HIV/AIDS expenditure is adequate.
Mother-to-child transmission is by far the largest source of HIV infection in children below the age of 15. This report presents the results of research conducted at a pilot site in the Eastern Cape into the use of resources associated with the implementation of a PMTCT (prevention of mother-to-child transmission) programme.
Researching to apply the technique of 1 trocar assisted retroperitoneoscopy in treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction in under-5-year-old children at National Hospital of Pediatrics. Assessing treatment results of 1 trocar assisted retroperitoneoscopy in treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction in under-5-year-old children at National Hospital of Pediatrics.
This book is based on more than a quarter of a century of research, clinical
work, and independent assessment work concerning children who fail to
thrive. It also draws upon a 20-year follow-up study of 31 subjects, and so
contributes to an understanding of the problems of such children, as well
as shedding light on parental perceptions and management of difficulties
associated with failure to thrive.
IQ tests are now encountered in recruitment for the government, the armed forces, education, industry and commerce. Ebook "Test your IQ" contains 400 IQ test questions written and compiled by IQ-test experts, complete with a guide to assessing individual performance. By studying the different types of test, and recognizing the different types of question, readers can improve their test scores and increase their IQ rating.
Seventh, the study is the only one which gives important policy implications,
reporting them in turn in each empirical chapter. This is the first study on Thailand which
discusses the effect of the Thai government’s encouragement of individual savings by
adopting special fund styles which give favourable tax treatment. We reveal the policy
implications of this action by assessing these specific funds in a separate group from general
funds, before comparing and discussing the results from the two groups. ...