Biofuels are gaining public and scientific attention driven by high oil prices, the need for energy
security and global warming concerns. There are various social, economic, environmental
and technical issues regarding biofuel production and its practical use. This book is
intended to address these issues by providing viewpoints written by professionals in the
field and the book also covers the economic and environmental impact of biofuels.
This text includes 14 chapters contributed by experts around world on the economy, evironment
and sustainability of biofuel production and use.
This book includes solar energy, wind energy, hybrid systems, biofuels, energy management and efficiency, optimization of renewable energy systems and much more. Subsequently, the book presents the physical and technical principles of promising ways of utilizing renewable energies. The authors provide the important data and parameter sets for the major possibilities of renewable energies utilization which allow an economic and environmental assessment.
ATP is Denmark‟s largest pension fund with total assets of more than EUR 66 billion. As of 31
December 2009 ATP‟s infrastructure investments equated to 1.8% of the total portfolio. With just below
3% committed. ATP does not have a target for its infrastructure investments but has an overall target of 25-
30% of its risk budget to inflation class.
ATP Pension Fund has invested in renewable energy infrastructure and technology, such as solar wind
and hydro, as well as emerging technologies, such as biofuels and biomass for a long time.
Although the results of many recent research impacts
studies support the view that investments in agricultural
research continue to generate attractive rates of return, some
people are uncomfortable with the limitations of the
economic framework. Their concern is understandable,
because economic rate-of-returns analysis is, in some ways,
poorly suited for evaluating an activity (agricultural
research) whose primary outputs (technological innovations)
are essentially a means of achieving broader welfare goals
that cannot easily be measured, much less valued.
In 2008 food prices surged plunging millions back into hunger
and triggering riots from Egypt to Haiti and Cameroon to Bangladesh.
Whereas fuel prices, which also surged, have fallen
back sharply food prices remain problematic with wheat, corn
and soya still higher than they were 12-18 months ago.
In order to understand the factors underpinning the food
crisis and to assess trends, UNEP commissioned a Rapid
Response team of internal and international experts. Their
conclusions are presented in this report launched during
UNEP’s 25th Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment