We describe the strategy currently pursued for verbalising OWL ontologies by sentences in Controlled Natural Language (i.e., combining generic rules for realising logical patterns with ontology-speciﬁc lexicons for realising atomic terms for individuals, classes, and properties) and argue that its success depends on assumptions about the complexity of terms and axioms in the ontology.
In this paper we start to explore two-part collocation extraction association measures that do not estimate expected probabilities on the basis of the independence assumption. We propose two new measures based upon the well-known measures of mutual information and pointwise mutual information.
Moreover, one's labour market status
may be expected to have a (reverse) causal effect on current and future health. In this paper we analyse the
relative importance of these endogeneity and measurement issues in the context of a model of early
retirement decisions. We state assumptions under which we can use relatively simple methods to assess the
relative importance of state dependent reporting errors in individual responses to health questions. The
estimation results indicate that among respondents...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa học quốc tế đề tài : Thai SF-36 health survey: tests of data quality, scaling assumptions, reliability and validity in healthy men and women
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Clinical review: Moral assumptions and the process of organ donation in the intensive care unit...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài: Further insights of the variance component method for detecting QTL in livestock and aquacultural species: relaxing the assumption of additive effects
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: STRONG CONVERGENCE TO COMMON FIXED POINTS OF NONEXPANSIVE MAPPINGS WITHOUT COMMUTATIVITY ASSUMPTION
In order to clarify the assumptions underlying our empirical strategy, we present a model of wages
as it relates to the decision to obtain an MBA. The decision to obtain an MBA is modelled similarly
to the labor market program participation models discussed in Heckman et al. (1999). The purpose
of the model is to clarify the assumptions under which the ﬁxed eﬀects estimate of the returns
to an MBA can be appropriately interpreted as the treatment on the treated.
Many current approaches to statistical language modeling rely on independence a.~sumptions 1)etween the different explanatory variables. This results in models which are computationally simple, but which only model the main effects of the explanatory variables oil the response variable. This paper presents an argmnent in favor of a statistical approach that also models the interactions between the explanatory variables. The argument rests on empirical evidence from two series of experiments concerning automatic ambiguity resolution. ...
Computer Security: Chapter 8 - Trust in P2P Systems Introduction about Mitigating Attacks in P2P Systems, Assumptions for Peer Interactions; Contexts of Trust in P2P Systems, Definitions for the Proposed Solution, Trust Metrics, Trust-based Decisions,...
After completing this chapter you should be able to: Explain the time period assumption, explain the accrual basis of accounting, explain the reasons for adjusting entries, identify the major types of adjusting entries, prepare adjusting entries for deferrals,...and other contents.
After completing this chapter you should be able to: Describe the steps in determining inventory quantities, explain the accounting for inventories and apply the inventory cost flow methods, explain the financial effects of the inventory cost flow assumptions,...and other contents.
After completing this chapter you should be able to: Explain what accounting is, identify the users and uses of accounting, understand why ethics is a fundamental business concept, explain the monetary unit assumption and the economic entity assumption,...and other contents.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học thế giới đề tài: Analysis of response to 20 generations of selection for body composition in mice: ﬁt to inﬁnitesimal model assumptions
Learning outcome of this chapter 2: Identify the critical assumptions of the two-sector model, define what is meant by a Pareto-optimal allocation of resources; articulate the three conditions for a general equilibrium; distinguish between allocative efficiency, X-efficiency, and ‘dynamic’ efficiency (or economic growth); discuss the broad categories of market failure; explain the allocative, distributive, and stabilisation functions of government; distinguish between direct and indirect forms of government intervention.
Bài giảng Chapter 1: Classical linear regression tập trung trình bày các vấn đề cơ bản về model; assumptions of the classial regression model; least souares estimation;... Mời các bạn cùng tìm hiểu và tham khảo nội dung thông tin tài liệu.
Chapter 9 - Gas power cycles. The objectives of Chapter 9 are to: Evaluate the performance of gas power cycles for which the working fluid remains a gas throughout the entire cycle; develop simplifying assumptions applicable to gas power cycles, review the operation of reciprocating engines, analyze both closed and open gas power cycles,...
Chapter 14 - Simple linear regression analysis. After mastering the material in this chapter, you will be able to: Explain the simple linear regression model, find the least squares point estimates of the slope and y-intercept, describe the assumptions behind simple linear regression and calculate the standard error,...