Atmospheric dynamics

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  • In this paper we prove the global existence and uniqueness (regularity) of strong solutions to the three-dimensional viscous primitive equations, which model large scale ocean and atmosphere dynamics. 1. Introduction Large scale dynamics of oceans and atmosphere is governed by the primitive equations which are derived from the Navier-Stokes equations, with rotation, coupled to thermodynamics and salinity diffusion-transport equations, which account for the buoyancy forces and stratification effects under the Boussinesq approximation. ...

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  • This book covers comprehensive text and reference work on atmospheric models for methods of numerical modeling and important related areas of data assimilation and predictability. It incorporates various aspects of environmental computer modeling including an historical overview of the subject, approximations to land surface and atmospheric physics and dynamics, radiative transfer and applications in satellite remote sensing, and data assimilation.

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  • Humankind’s fascination with Mars predates recorded history. The bright planet with the reddish tint is unique among the other celestial objects. Tycho Brahe’s observations of its unpredictable motion were deciphered by Johannes Kepler in the early 17th century as he developed his laws of planetary motion. Galileo trained his telescope on Mars and saw it as a disk in 1610. Later in the 1600s, Christiaan Huygens and Gian Cassini drew the first maps of the Martian surface.

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  • The most important trend in biological engineering is the dynamic range of scales at which biotechnology is now able to integrate with biological processes. An explosion in micro/nanoscale technology is allowing the manufacture of nanoparticles for drug delivery into cells, miniaturized implantable microsensors for medical diagnostics, and micro-engineered robots for on-board tissue repairs. This book aims to provide an upto- date overview of the recent developments in biological engineering from diverse aspects and various applications in clinical and experimental research....

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  • This book presents a fluid mechanics perspective to the dynamics of fronts and vortices and their interaction with waves in geophysical flows. It provides a basic physical background for modeling coherent structures in a geophysical context, and it gives essential information on advanced topics such as spontaneous wave emission and wavemomentum transfer in geophysical flows. Based on a set of lectures by leading specialists, this text is targeted at graduate students, researchers and engineers in geophysics and environmental fluid mechanics. ...

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  • Climate dynamicists generally characterize the Hadley circulation in terms of some derived meteorological parameters, such as the mass stream function (the nondivergent part of the flow) or the velocity potential (the divergent circulation), both of which are based on measurements of the three-dimensional wind field. Yet, we know very little about how such indices have varied in the past—beyond the most recent decades.

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  • In Salah – In Salah Gas is a joint venture between BP (33 percent), Sonatrach (35 percent) and Statoil (32 percent). The project comprises a phased development of eight gas fields located in the Ahnet-Timimoun Basin in Algerian Central Sahara. The initial development focuses on the exploitation of the gas reserves in the three northern fields. These gas fields contain CO2 concentrations ranging from one to nine percent, which is above the export gas specification of 0.3 percent and, therefore, requires CO2 removal facilities.

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  • his book is served as a reference text to meet the needs of advanced scientists and research engineers who seek for their own computational fluid dynamics (CFD) skills to solve a variety of fluid flow problems. Key Features: - Flow Modeling in Sedimentation Tank, - Greenhouse Environment, - Hypersonic Aerodynamics, - Cooling Systems Design, - Photochemical Reaction Engineering, - Atmospheric Reentry Problem, - Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI), - Atomization, - Hydraulic Component Design, - Air Conditioning System, - Industrial Applications of CFD...

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  • This book is dedicated to my colleagues, whose unceasing efforts led to a resurgence of interest in the planet Mercury and eventually to reconsideration of return missions to Mercury despite the challenges.

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  • Applicants should identify themselves as unique and stress how their contribution to the business school setting will be distinctive, embracing points of difference as opposed to burying them in ad- missions essays. After all, the very things that make them different could be what scores them a seat in a desirable MBA program. Additionally, applicants should prepare themselves to adapt to changes in the dynamic MBA admissions process.

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  • The self-organizing map, first described by the Finnish scientist Teuvo Kohonen, can by applied to a wide range of fields. This book is about such applications, i.e. how the original self-organizing map as well as variants and extensions of it can be applied in different fields. In fourteen chapters, a wide range of such applications is discussed. To name a few, these applications include the analysis of financial stability, the fault diagnosis of plants, the creation of well-composed heterogeneous teams and the application of the self-organizing map to the atmospheric sciences...

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  • Mangalore coast is a stretch of about 22 Kms at the western part of the Western Ghats of the Indian peninsula. This area is receiving huge quantity of pollution load from the major industries and factories located nearby. This pollution load is discharged into the sea either directly or through the major west flowing rivers of the region, Nethravathi and Gurupura. The pollution load includes runoff of the sediment, waste from oil refineries, nutrients and pesticides, iron ore residues from the nearby iron are company and chemicals from the chemical factory from the point source.

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  • On 30 June 1908, in Central Siberia of the U.S.S.R., an extraordinary event occurred (Oliver, 1928 ; Crowther, 1931). Eyewitnesses reported a giant fireball moving across the sky followed by an overpowering shockwave. Trees were radially toppled over thousands of square kilometers, seismic and atmospheric disturbances were recorded as far away as England, and the next several nights were sufficiently bright for reading. However, no significant impact crater was formed nor was any extraterrestrial matter found in the immediate area.

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  • This textbook is intended as an introduction to the physics of solar and stellar coronae, emphasizing kinetic plasma processes. It is addressed to observational astronomers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates without a background in plasma physics. Coronal physics is today a vast field with many different aims and goals. Sorting out the really important aspects of an observed phenomenon and using the physics best suited for the case is a formidable problem.

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  • This book gives an account of the modern view of the global circulation of the atmosphere. It brings the observed nature of the circulation together with theories and simple models of the mechanisms which drive it. Early chapters concentrate on the classical view of the global circulation, on the processes which generate atmospheric motions and on the dynamical constraints which modify them. Later chapters develop more recent themes including low frequency variability and the circulation of other planetary atmospheres....

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  • Computational Fluid Dynamics, broadly encompassing fluid flows in engineering, atmospheric and ocean sciences, geophysics, physics and astrophysics, has seen calculations of great fidelity performed routinely that were only imagined at the inception of this conference series in 1989. These advances have not only been made with the available horsepower of increasingly more powerful parallel computers, but in tandem with advances in implementations of core and of entirely new algorithms, including multi-scale and adaptive methods....

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  • BAYES ALGORITHM WITH ITERATIVE DIFFERENTIAL CORRECTION FOR NONLINEAR SYSTEMS 17.1 DETERMINATION OF UPDATED ESTIMATES We are now in a position to obtain the updated estimate for the nonlinear observation and target dynamic model cases [5, pp. 424–443]. We shall use the example of the ballistic projectile traveling through the atmosphere for definiteness in our discussion. Assume that the past measurements have " permitted us to obtain the state vector estimate Xðt À Þ at the time t À , the last time observations were made on the target. As done at the end of Section 16.

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  • Parametric representation of shapes, mechanical components modeling with 3D visualization techniques using object oriented programming, the well known golden ratio application on vertical and horizontal displacement investigations of the ground surface, spatial modeling and simulating of dynamic continuous fluid flow process, simulation model for waste-water treatment, an interaction of tilt and illumination conditions at flight simulation and errors in taxiing performance, plant layout optimal plot plan, atmospheric modeling for weather prediction, a stochastic search method that explores ...

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  • Soil is a biogeochemically dynamic natural resource that supports all critical components that comprise terrestrial ecosystems. It has been called Earth’s living skin. On its June 11, 2004, cover, Science declared soils to be “the final frontier.” The growing awareness that soil provides a variety of ecosystem services beyond food production has attracted interest in soil from nonsoil scientists.

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  • The Observatory carries out front-line astronomical research in three key areas of astrophysics, namely: Solar-System Science, Solar Physics, and Stellar and Galactic Astrophysics. Solar-System research en- compasses the dynamical structure, evolution and origin of objects in the inner and outer solar system and comparative planetology and meteor physics.

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