Xem 1-18 trên 18 kết quả Atomic industry
  • Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy is an analytical technique used for the qualitative and quantitative determination of the elements present in different samples like food, nanomaterials, biomaterials, forensics, and industrial wastes. The main aim of this book is to cover all major topics which are required to equip scholars with the recent advancement in this field. The book is divided into 12 chapters with an emphasis on specific topics.

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  • Chemical reactions (abiotic reactions) are “classical” chemical reactions that are not mediated by bacteria. They may include reaction processes such as precipitation, hydrolysis, complexation, elimination, substitution etc. that transform chemicals to other chemicals and potentially alter their phase/state (solid, liquid, gas, dissolved). Precipitation is the removal of ions from solution by the formation of insoluble compounds, i.e. a solid-phase precipitate. Hydrolysis is a process of chemical reaction by the addition of water.

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  • This third edition retains the range of analytical techniques and the structure of individual chapters of the second edition. However, there are some significant changes, with the introduction of new topics and some deletions, to take into account the changing priorities in environmental analysis.

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  • Recent advents in laser technology and discoveries in laser physics have enabled their very new and exciting applications. Some of them cover production of new materials: nano-particles, periodic structures in nano-scale, and thin films. Others allowed better understanding of laser-matter interaction when sample is subjected to intense laser pulses of various time duration, shape in space and time domains as well as different spectral components contained in a pulse.

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  • Materials are important to mankind because of the benefits that can be derived from the manipulation of their properties, for example electrical conductivity, dielectric constant, magnetization, optical transmittance, strength and toughness. Materials science is a broad field and can be considered to be an interdisciplinary area. Included within it are the studies of the structure and properties of any material, the creation of new types of materials, and the manipulation of a material's properties to suit the needs of a specific application....

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  • his book is served as a reference text to meet the needs of advanced scientists and research engineers who seek for their own computational fluid dynamics (CFD) skills to solve a variety of fluid flow problems. Key Features: - Flow Modeling in Sedimentation Tank, - Greenhouse Environment, - Hypersonic Aerodynamics, - Cooling Systems Design, - Photochemical Reaction Engineering, - Atmospheric Reentry Problem, - Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI), - Atomization, - Hydraulic Component Design, - Air Conditioning System, - Industrial Applications of CFD...

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  • Gas–liquid multiphase flows play an essential role in the workings of Nature and the enterprises of mankind. Our everyday encounter with liquids is nearly always at a free surface, such as when drinking, washing, rinsing, and cooking. Similarly, such flows are in abundance in industrial applications: heat transfer by boiling is the preferred mode in both conventional and nuclear power plants, and bubbledriven circulation systems are used in metal processing operations such as steel making, ladle metallurgy, and the secondary refining of aluminum and copper.

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  • Carbon nanotubes are rolled up graphene sheets with a quasi-one-dimensional structure of nanometer-scale diameters. More than twenty years have passed since the pioneering work on carbon nanotubes by Prof. Iijima in 1991. During all these years, carbon nanotubes have at‐ tracted a lot of attention from physicists, chemists, material scientists, and electronic device engineers because of their excellent structural, electronic, optical, chemical, and mechanical properties.

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  • History of Tribology and Its Significance to Industry Origins and Significance of Micro/Nanotribology Measurement Techniques Scanning Tunneling Microscope • Atomic Force Microscope • Friction Force Microscope • Surface Force Apparatus • Vibration Isolation

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  • Bhushan, B. “Introduction - Measurement Techniques and Applications” Handbook of Micro/Nanotribology. Ed. Bharat Bhushan Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC, 1999 Part I Basic Studies © 1999 by CRC Press LLC Introduction — Measurement Techniques and Applications Bharat Bhushan 1.1 1.2 1.3 History of Tribology and Its Significance to Industry Origins and Significance of Micro/Nanotribology Measurement Techniques Scanning Tunneling Microscope • Atomic Force Microscope • Friction Force Microscope • Surface Force Apparatus • Vibration Isolation 1 1.4 1.

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  • CHEMICAL ENGINEERING occupies a special place among scientific and engineering disciplines. It is an engineering discipline with deep roots in the world of atoms, molecules, and molecular transformations. The principles and approaches that make up chemical engineering have a long and rich history of contributions to the nation's technological needs. Chemical engineers play a key role in industries as varied as petroleum, food, artificial fibers, petrochemicals, plastics, ceramics, primary metals, glass, and specialty chemicals.

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  • R RADIATION ECOLOGY Radiation Ecology or Radioecology is a term that came into common usage in 1956 to denote that area of the broad field of ecology concerned with the assessment of radioactivity in the environment. More specifically, radiation ecology has come to be recognized as that area of ecology concerned with radioactive substances, radiation and the environment.

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  • Since the discovery of X rays by Roentgen in 1895, the ionizing radiation has been extensively utilized in a variety of medical and industrial applications. And it has also played crucial roles in development of modern sciences and technologies, as witnessed by more than 60 Nobel Prize winners awarded for achievements in atomic sciences and ionizing radiation-related researches.

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  • Ionic methods of separation have been used since the industrial revolution in Europe to reduce hardness of water. In the mid-nineteenth century, British researchers treated various clays with ammonium sulfate or carbonate in solution to release calcium. In the early twentieth century, zeolite columns were used to remove interfering calcium and magnesium ions from solutions to permit determination of sulfate. Ionic separation procedures were used in the Manhattan project to purify and concentrate radioactive materials needed to make atom bombs.

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  • The use of fluid microdrops in engineering and experimental science goes back over a century to the study and use of spray generated aerosols, and the use of aerosol produced microdrops to confirm the predictions of fluid mechanics, atomic theory and chemistry. The ability to generate fluid microdrops with a predetermined size, on demand, with precisely controlled trajectories is a more recent invention dating back only a few decades. Its primary commercial and industrial use today is in the field of inkjet image printing....

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  • Few members of the general public are fully aware of the extent to which the atomic age affects their everyday lives. For many, bombs and power plants are their only associations with the term. The uses and benefits of radioactive isotopes in medicine, agriculture, industry, and science are widespread, however, allowing us to perform many tasks more accurately, more simply, less expensively, and more quickly than would otherwise be possible. In many cases, biological tracers for example, there is no alternative.

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  • Amorphous materials have attracted much attention in the last two decades. The first reason for this is their potential industrial applications as suitable materials for fabricating devices, and the second reason is the lack of understanding of many properties of these materials, which are very different from those of crystalline materials. Some of their properties are different even from one sample to another of the same material.

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  • The United States program of development of atomic energy has been described by Major General L. R. Groves, who, as Commanding General of the War Department's Manhattan Project, directed the program from mid-1942 until December 31, 1946, as "a generation of scientific development compressed into three years.

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