The automobile has come to symbolize the essence of a modern industrial society. Perhaps more than any other single icon, it is associated with a desire for independence and freedom of movement; it is an expression of economic status and personal style. Automobile production is also critically important to the major industrial economies of the world. In the United States, for instance, about 5 percent of all workers are employed directly (including fuel production and distribution) by the auto industry.
An automobile was seen as a simple accessory of luxury in the early years of the past
century. Therefore, it was an expensive asset which none of the common citizen could
afford. It was necessary to pass a long period and waiting for Henry Ford to establish
the first plants with the series fabrication. This new industrial paradigm makes easy to
the common American to acquire an automobile, either for running away or for
The major source of liquid fuels is crude petroleum; other sources are shale and tar sands. Synthetic hydrocarbon fuels—gasoline and methanol—can be made from coal and natural gas. Ethanol, some of which is used as an automotive fuel, is derived from vegetable matter.
What is the International Fuel Quality Center (IFQC)?
A specialized member service that provides comprehensive
information and concise analysis to members on pertinent actions
and issues facing the transportation industry worldwide.
The service focus and emphasis is on automotive fuel quality,
vehicle and engine related standards, and the health and
environmental legislative and regulatory pressures leading these
Four organisations – the FIA Foundation, International Energy Agency, International Transport Forum and
United Nations Environment Programme – have joined together to launch an initiative to improve vehicle
efficiency worldwide, the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI).
The initiative aims to facilitate large reductions of greenhouse gas emissions and oil use through improve-
ments in automotive fuel economy in the face of rapidly growing car use worldwide1
The main topic of "Fuel injection in automotive engineering" book is fundamental process that determines the development of internal combustion engines and performances of automotive vehicles. The book collects original works focused on up-to-date issues relevant to improving injection phenomena per se and injection systems as the engine key components.
The component of the motor vehicle that converts the chemical energy in fuel into mechanical energy for power. The automotive engine also drives the generator and various accessories, such as the air-conditioning compressor and power-steering pump. See also: Automotive climate control; Automotive electrical system; Automotive steering Early motor vehicles were powered by a variety of engines, including steam and gasoline, as well as by electric motors.
This is the seventh report by the National Research Council Standing Committee
to Review the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation
of Vehicles (PNGV). The PNGV program is a cooperative research and development
(R&D) program between the federal government and the United States
Council for Automotive Research (USCAR), whose members are DaimlerChrysler
Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Corporation (GM).
We’ve already made progress toward this goal – last year, America produced more oil than we had
in the last seven years. We’re taking steps to encourage more offshore oil exploration and
production – as long as it’s safe and responsible. And, because we know we can’t just drill our way
out of our energy challenge, we’re reducing our dependence on oil by increasing our production of
natural gas and biofuels, and increasing our fuel efficiency.
The potential benefits are large and greatly exceed the expected costs of improved fuel economy. Cutting
global average automotive fuel consumption (L/100 km) by 50% (i.e. doubling MPG) would reduce emis-
sions of CO2 by over 1 gigatonne (Gt) a year by 2025 and over 2 gigatonnes (Gt) by 2050, and result in
savings in annual oil import bills alone worth over USD 300 billion in 2025 and 600 billion in 2050 (based on
an oil price of USD 100/bbl). The Initiative proposes several steps and actions to work towards the 50:50
overall goal and each step will achieve some of...
An engine (Fig. 11-1) is a machine that converts heat energy into
mechanical energy. The heat from burning a fuel produces power which
moves the vehicle.Sometimes the engine is called the power plant.
Automotive engines are internal-combustion(IC) engines because the fuel
that runs them is burned internally, or inside the engine. There are two types:
reciprocating and rotary (Fig. 11-2). Reciprocating means moving up and
down, or back and forth. Most automotive engines are reciprocating. They
have piston that move up and down, or reciprocate, in cylinder (Fig.11-3).
CHAPTER 59 INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
Ronald Douglas Matthews
General Motors Foundation Combustion Sciences and Automotive Research Laboratories The University of Texas at Austin Austin, Texas
TYPES AND PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION 59.1.1 Spark Ignition Engines 59.1.2 Compression Ignition (Diesel) Engines FUELSANDKNOCK 59.2.1 Knock in Spark Ignition Engines 59.2.2 Knock in the Diesel Engine 59.2.3 Characteristics of Fuels PERFORMANCEAND EFFICIENCY
59.3.1 1801 1 802 1808 59.3.3 1808 59.4 1808 1810 1810 1814 59.3.
“Making a difference to families by offering low cost, high quality economical cars regardless of price range”is what our company - Northumbria B.L.A.C.K Automotive aims to provide the customers as well as compete within the European Car Market.
Through our commitment to fuel efficient cars at a reasonable price by focusing on research and development to improve the quality and efficiency, we aim to become a prestigious company by gaining a 5% market share in the city car market and a 3% market share in the luxury car market....
In recent years, legislative and market requirements have driven the need to reduce fuel
consumption while meeting increasingly stringent exhaust emissions. This trend has
dictated increasing complexity in automotive engines and new approaches to engine
design. A key research objective for the automotive engineering community has been the
potential combination of gasoline-engine specific power with diesel-like engine
efficiency in a cost-competitive, production-feasible power train.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy
Efficiency and Renewable Energy oversees the Office of
Transportation Technologies, which includes the Office of
Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT), the Office of Advanced
Automotive Technologies (OAAT), the Office of Fuels
Development, and the Office of Technology Utilization.
OHVT was created in March 1996 when the Office of Transportation
Technologies was reorganized. Its sister organization,
OAAT, focuses on the development of advanced automotive
technologies, while OHVT focuses, for the most part,
on technologies for trucks.
Thermodynamics is an applied science used in several branches of engineering, including mechanical and chemical engineering. At its simplest, thermodynamics is the study of energy, its use and transformation through a system. Typically, engineering thermodynamics is concerned with changing energy from one form to another. As an example, automotive engines convert chemical energy (enthalpy) from the fuel into heat, and then into mechanical work that eventually turns the wheels.