Xem 1-20 trên 35 kết quả Baseline process
  • This paper deals with the task of finding generally applicable substitutions for a given input term. We show that the output of a distributional similarity system baseline can be filtered to obtain terms that are not simply similar but frequently substitutable. Our filter relies on the fact that when two terms are in a common entailment relation, it should be possible to substitute one for the other in their most frequent surface contexts.

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  • This design guide provides an overview of the Enterprise Branch Architecture, which is one component in the overall Cisco Service-Oriented Network Architecture (SONA). SONA is a comprehensive framework to provide guidelines to accelerate applications, business processes, and profitability. Based on the Cisco SONA framework, the Enterprise Branch Architecture incorporates networked infrastructure services, integrated services, and application networking services across typical branch networks.

    pdf28p batoan 10-08-2009 129 28   Download

  • The project baseline, which is the focus of Chapter 7, arguably falls into place when planning is complete and the team members have agreed all the scheduled dates. At this juncture, values are stored, and these include the agreed tasks; the scheduled start and finish dates for the tasks; team members who will be responsible for scheduled tasks; and the budgeted cost. All that is done cognisant of performance, cost, time and scope (PCTS) of the project.

    pdf35p tainhacmienphi 25-02-2013 16 7   Download

  • From John Glenn s mission to orbit Earth to the International Space Station program, space food research has met the challenge of providing food that tastes good and travels well in space. To better understand this process, we can look back through history. Explorers have always had to face the problem of how to carry enough food for their journeys. Whether those explorers are onboard a sailing ship or on the Space Shuttle, adequate storage space has been a problem.

    pdf62p cronus75 14-01-2013 29 6   Download

  • The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program was created in 1982 by the Small Business Innovation Development Act. The program is designed to stimulate technology innovation by small businesses, provide technical and scientific solutions to challenging problems, and encourage the marketing of the resulting new technologies in the private sector. Federal agencies with more than $100 million in extramural research and development (R&D) are required to allocate 2.5 percent of their research budgets to small businesses. Such funds from all federal agencies amounted to approximately $1.

    pdf105p bimap_5 29-12-2012 26 5   Download

  • This book is the work of a great team. First I’d like to thank my editor Suzanne Goraj for her excellent job on the editing process. The production editor Elizabeth Campbell was always a pleasure to work with and kept the book moving along and on schedule. Thanks also to technical editor Donald Fuller for his thorough edit and for keeping me honest. I would like to thank Neil Edde, associate publisher and James Chellis who both helped develop and nurtured the MCSE series of books since the beginning.

    pdf623p japet75 30-01-2013 20 5   Download

  • Hungarian is a stereotype of morphologically rich and non-configurational languages. Here, we introduce results on dependency parsing of Hungarian that employ a 80K, multi-domain, fully manually annotated corpus, the Szeged Dependency Treebank. We show that the results achieved by state-of-the-art data-driven parsers on Hungarian and English (which is at the other end of the configurational-nonconfigurational spectrum) are quite similar to each other in terms of attachment scores.

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  • FA is a binary variable that indicates whether or not the households of the municipalities had receive any payments of the Familias en Accion program in June 2002, the start date of the survey under study. Households in some of the municipalities started to receive payments for longer than 6 months before the baseline interview, but for most of them it was just six months before the interview. The little time that the program has been operating should be taken into account when analyzing this variable, especially when the dependent variable is height for age or leg length as they...

    pdf44p can_thai 12-12-2012 20 2   Download

  • We present the results of a large-scale, end-to-end human evaluation of various sentiment summarization models. The evaluation shows that users have a strong preference for summarizers that model sentiment over non-sentiment baselines, but have no broad overall preference between any of the sentiment-based models. However, an analysis of the human judgments suggests that there are identifiable situations where one summarizer is generally preferred over the others.

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  • One of the important observations done during the CLEF 2009 campaign (Ferro and Peters, 2009) related to CLIR was that the usage of Statistical Machine Translation (SMT) systems (eg. Google Translate) for query translation led to important improvements in the cross-lingual retrieval performance (the best CLIR performance increased from ˜55% of the monolingual baseline in 2008 to more than 90% in 2009 for French and German target languages). However, generalpurpose SMT systems are not necessarily adapted for query translation.

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  • In this paper we investigate the use of character-level translation models to support the translation from and to underresourced languages and textual domains via closely related pivot languages. Our experiments show that these low-level models can be successful even with tiny amounts of training data. We test the approach on movie subtitles for three language pairs and legal texts for another language pair in a domain adaptation task. Our pivot translations outperform the baselines by a large margin. ...

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  • We present a system for the real-time generation of car navigation instructions with landmarks. Our system relies exclusively on freely available map data from OpenStreetMap, organizes its output to fit into the available time until the next driving maneuver, and reacts in real time to driving errors. We show that female users spend significantly less time looking away from the road when using our system compared to a baseline system.

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  • Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) have offered hope for rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). However, their efficiency with smear-negative samples has not been widely studied in low income settings. Here, we evaluated in-house PCR assay for diagnosis of smear-negative TB using Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) culture as the baseline test. Two hundred and five pulmonary TB (PTB) suspects with smear-negative sputum samples, admitted on a short stay emergency ward at Mulago Hospital in Kampala, Uganda, were enrolled.

    pdf8p taisaocothedung 12-01-2013 22 1   Download

  • Spoken dialogue systems would be more acceptable if they were able to produce backchannel continuers such as mm-hmm in naturalistic locations during the user's utterances. Using the HCRC Map Task Corpus as our data source, we describe models for predicting these locations using only limited processing and features of the user's speech that are commonly available, and which therefore could be used as a lowcost improvement for current systems. The baseline model inserts continuers after a predetermined number of words. ...

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  • We propose a new formulation of the PP attachment problem as a 4-way classification which takes into account the argument or adjunct status of the PP. Based on linguistic diagnostics, we train a 4-way classifier that reaches an average accuracy of 73.9% (baseline 66.2%). Compared to a sequence of binary classifiers, the 4-way classifier reaches better performance and individuates a verb's arguments more accurately, thus improving the acquisition of a crucial piece of information for many NLP applications. ...

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  • This paper presents the integration of cohesive properties of text with coherence relations, to obtain an adequate representation of text for automatic summarization. A summarizer based on Lexical Chains is enchanced with rhetorical and argumentative structure obtained via Discourse Markers. When evaluated with newspaper corpus, this integration yields only slight improvement in the resulting summaries and cannot beat a dummy baseline consisting of the first sentence in the document.

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  • This paper describes a system that produces extractive summaries of short works of literary fiction. The ultimate purpose of produced summaries is defined as helping a reader to determine whether she would be interested in reading a particular story. To this end, the summary aims to provide a reader with an idea about the settings of a story (such as characters, time and place) without revealing the plot. The approach presented here relies heavily on the notion of aspect.

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  • This paper addresses the problem of extracting the most important facts from a news article. Our approach uses syntactic, semantic, and general statistical features to identify the most important sentences in a document. The importance of the individual features is estimated using generalized iterative scaling methods trained on an annotated newswire corpus.

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  • We present a Hebrew to English transliteration method in the context of a machine translation system. Our method uses machine learning to determine which terms are to be transliterated rather than translated. The training corpus for this purpose includes only positive examples, acquired semi-automatically. Our classifier reduces more than 38% of the errors made by a baseline method. The identified terms are then transliterated.

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  • This article presents empirical evaluations of aspects of annotation for the linguistic property of animacy in Swedish, ranging from manual human annotation, automatic classification and, finally, an external evaluation in the task of syntactic parsing.

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