Chapter 1 introduction and conceptual modeling. To understand the fundamentals of database technology, however, we must start from the basics of traditional database applications. we start by defining a database, and then explaining other basic terms,...
In the past decade, Cognitive Linguistics has developed into one of the most dynamic
and attractive frameworks within theoretical and descriptive linguistics.
With about fifty chapters written by experts in the field, the Oxford Handbook of
Cognitive Linguistics intends to provide a comprehensive overview of the entire
domain of Cognitive Linguistics, from basic concepts to practical applications.
In the past decade, Cognitive Linguistics has developed into one of the most dynamic and attractive frameworks within theoretical and descriptive linguistics. With about fifty chapters written by experts in the field, the Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics intends to provide a comprehensive overview of the entire domain of Cognitive Linguistics, from basic concepts to practical applications.
This book presents introductory economics (“principles”) material using standard mathematical tools, including calculus. It is designed for a relatively sophisticated undergraduate who has not taken a basic university course in economics. It also contains the standard intermediate microeconomics material and some material that ought to be standard but is not. The book can easily serve as an intermediate microeconomics text.
In this module, students will learn about the basics of conceptual design, where
it fits in the MicrosoftÆ Solutions Framework (MSF) Process Model, its purpose
and value in solution design, its steps and tasks, and its outputs and
deliverables. Students learn how the process of developing a conceptual design
will enable them to deliver solutions that match their customerís requirements.
After completing this module, students will be able to:
! Explain the need for conceptual design in the process of designing a
Conceptual Bridge Design
1.1 1.2 Introduction Preliminary Design
Introduction • General Considerations for the Design of Bridge Schemes • Theoretical Basic Method of Preliminary Design • Choice of Final Alternative for Reinforced–Concrete Bridges
With this fi rst edition of First Aid for the Basic Sciences: General Principles, we
continue our commitment to providing students with the most useful and upto-
date preparation guides for the USMLE Step 1. Both this text and its companion,
First Aid for the Basic Sciences: Organ Systems, are designed to fi ll
the need for a high-quality, in-depth, conceptually driven study guide for Step
1 of the USMLE. They are designed to be used either alone, or in conjunction
with the original First Aid for the USMLE Step 1.
It is important to explore score reliability in virtually all studies, because tests are not reliable. The present paper explains the most frequently used reliability estimate, coefficient alpha, so that the coefficient's conceptual underpinnings will be understood. Researchers need to understand score reliability because of the possible impact reliability has on the interpretation of research results. There are several common misconceptions about the basic ideas of score reliability.
Fortunately, Social Security continues to provide
families with a basic level of income security. It prevents
millions of Americans from slipping into poverty when
their working years are over because, like a pension, Social
Security provides Americans with an income stream that
they cannot outlive. However, Social Security was never
meant to be people’s sole source of retirement income.
We wrote this book to share with other ecologists what we have learned about the structure and
use of theory and its relationship to the myriad activities that constitute modern science. Our
own quest was motivated by the sometimes unclear way in which the term “theory” is used in
both scientifi c publications and informal discussions. We needed to fi nd out what theory was
and how it was built. We also wanted to evaluate the varied and often contradictory claims made
about what constitutes proper scientifi c practice.
This book is divided into two sections. The first section covers analysis patterns,
which are patterns from conceptual business models. They provide key
abstractions from domains such as trading, measurement, accounting, and
organizational relationships. The patterns are conceptual because they represent
the way people think about the business, rather than the way a computer system is
designed. The chapters in this section stress alternative patterns that can be used,
and the strengths and weaknesses of those alternatives.
This manual describes all features of the Oracle server, an object-relational database
management system. It describes how the Oracle server functions and lays a
conceptual foundation for much of the practical information contained in other
Oracle server manuals. Information in this manual applies to the Oracle server
running on all operating systems.
Oracle8i and Oracle8i Enterprise Edition
Oracle8i Concepts contains information that describes the features and functionality
of the Oracle8i and the Oracle8i Enterprise Edition products.
This two-day seminar is designed to give the student a firm conceptual understanding of the goals and techniques that are used in data warehousing. The seminar explains the concepts and techniques in plain English, and strips away all of the marketing hype to give the student a clear understanding of how to construct a data warehouse using the new technologies. The seminar begins with a historical review of data warehousing and explains the basic construction techniques for data warehousing and contrasts them with traditional online teleprocessing systems....
In this chapter , we’ll be taking a look at object oriented programming, or OOP .
Whether you’ve used OOP before in PHP or not, this chapter will show you what
it is, how it’ s used, and why you might want to use objects rather than plain functions
and variables. We’ll cover everything from the “this is how you make an object”
basics through to interfaces, exceptions, and magic methods. The object oriented
approach is more conceptual than technical—although there are some long words
used that we’ll define and demystify as we go!...
Although many other models of concurrent and distributed systems have been developed
since the introduction in 1964 Petri nets are still an essential model for
concurrent systems with respect to both the theory and the applications.
The main attraction of Petri nets is the way in which the basic aspects of concurrent
systems are captured both conceptually and mathematically. The intuitively appealing
graphical notation makes Petri nets the model of choice in many applications.
In the area of agriculture we have eight chapters with different concerns such
as conceptual problems related with risk analysis, the interaction between
agriculture and the environment, water resources planning, agroforestry sys-
tems management, simulation of effects on agriculture of changes in the
common agriculture policy, and so on. OR/MS techniques used are basically
the following: linear programming, multi-objective fractional programming,
goal programming, multi-attribute utility theory and control dynamic optimi-
Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis is basically spatial problem-solving. It can
be quite challenging at first, especially if you get bogged down in syntax and details. The
hardest part is to conceptually understand the problem, and the GIS tools available to
solve your problem. This book will help you understand conceptually how various GIS
tools work. So for now, forget about workspaces, libraries, spatial database engines,
dangling nodes, fuzzy tolerances, requests and instances....
The national Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants of Romania
establishes rules of conduct for professional accountants and formulates basic
principles to be followed by professional accountants to achieve common goals.
Romania accountants and entities operating in different sectors of national economy as
freelancers or as employees; basic purpose of the Code, but must always be respected.
National Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants of Romania is divided
into three parts.
It was to the author’s delight that the medical and scientific communities
have so warmly received his previous two books, also published by
Springer, on the subjects of orthopaedic trauma and orthopaedic principles.
The current text summarises the many conceptual and technological
advances in the field of orthopaedic rehabilitation that the trainee surgeons
will be eager to know.