Basic organic chemistry

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  • After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Classify simple and complex lipids. Identify waxes, triglycerides, phospholipids, steroids, prostaglandins, and terpenes; explain how unsaturations affect the properties of fats and oils. Compare the properties of saturated fats with those of polyunsaturated oils and partially hydrogenated vegetable oils; predict the reactions of lipids under basic hydrolysis and with standard organic reagents.

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  • Amines are organic derivatives of ammonia with one or more alkyl or aryl groups bonded to the nitrogen atom. As a class, amines include some of the most important biological compounds. Amines serve many functions in living organisms, such as bioregulation, neurotransmission, and defense against predators. This chapter draw and name amines, and use spectral information to determine their structures; compare the basicity of amines with other common bases, and explain how their basicity varies with hybridization, aromaticity, resonance, and induction.

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  • Chapter 23 introduce to carbohydrates and nucleic acids. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Draw and identify the structures of glucose, its anomers, and its epimers, as Fischer projections and as chair conformations; correctly name monosaccharides and disaccharides, and draw their structures from their names; predict the reactions of carbohydrates in acidic and basic solutions, and with oxidizing and reducing agents;...

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  • This chapter introduce to amino acids, peptides, and proteins. In this chapter, students will be able to: Name amino acids and peptides, and draw the structures from their names. Explain why the naturally occurring amino acids are called L-amino acids; identify which amino acids are acidic, which are basic, and which are neutral; show how to synthesize amino acids from simpler compounds, and show how to combine amino acids in the proper sequence to synthesize a peptide.

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  • After attending lectures, reading the text and working assigned problems related to this chapter, students will have acquired the following knowledge and abilities: Given the IUPAC name for a compound containing an amine functional group, be able to draw its structure; know the orbital mechanism for inversion at a pyramidal amine nitrogen; know how the relative electronegativity of N vs. O affects the boiling point, solubility, and basicity of amines vs. alcohols;...

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  • Two of the main distinctions between chemical engineers and other engineering disciplines are the topics of mass and energy balances. Within these two topics there are a lot of underlying chemical principles that help chemical engineers to perform calculations to determine what is happening in a system, allowing better control of a process.

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  • Much new material has been added to this second edition. Besides a totally new chapter on radionuclides, the text has been reorganized and updated with separate chapters on metals, light nonaqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs), dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs), and biodegradation. Also, some end-of-chapter exercises have been added. The dictionary of inorganic pollutants has been enlarged and some important organic pollutants added.

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  • Basic Training in Chemistry is unique in that it gathers into one source the essential information that is usually widely dispersed. This book can be used as a quick reference guide to the different disciplines of Chemistry: the areas covered are General, Inorganic, Organic, and Instrumental Analysis. Although comprehensive in nature, Basic Training in Chemistry is not meant to replace any standard textbook but rather to be a supplement or additional source of information, or even a comprehensive review guide.

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  • After studying this chapter, you should be able to accomplish the following outcomes: Distinguish between matter, elements, and atoms; name the six elements that are basic to life; describe the structure of an atom; tell why an atom can have isotopes; give examples of how low levels and high levels of radiation can each be helpful;...

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  • Why study chemistry in an anatomy and physiology course? The answer is simple. Your entire body is made up of chemicals, thousands of them, continuously interacting with one another at an incredible pace. Although it is possible to study anatomy without much reference to chemistry, chemical reactions underlie all physiological processes—movement, digestion, the pumping of your heart, and even your thoughts. This chapter presents the basic chemistry and biochemistry (the chemistry of living material) you need to understand body functions.

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  • Covers all basic aspects of the chemistry of resins and binders, their solubility in solvents, and their compatibility with pigments essential for modern coating material. Presents state-ofthe-art knowledge of organic coatings materials and their manufacturing and processing. DLC: Gums and resins.

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  • Introduction: Chemical weapons (chemical warfare agents), such as sarin and soman, were developed to kill or injure humans by their toxic actions. They are called “nuclear weapon of the poor”, because the weapons are relatively stable during storage, cheap for production and relatively easily synthesized with basic knowledge on organic chemistry. Main advanced countries are making efforts to reduce chemical weapons existing in the world on the basis of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), after the Iran-Iraq War and the Gulf War.

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  • Dieter Stoye, Werner Freitag (Editors) Covers all basic aspects of the chemistry of resins and binders, their solubility in solvents, and their compatibility with pigments essential for modern coating material. Presents state-ofthe-art knowledge of organic coatings materials and their manufacturing and processing. DLC: Gums and resins. This hook was carefully

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  • Crystalline arrays of protein or glycoprotein subunits forming surface layers (S-layers) are the most common outermost envelope components of prokaryotic organisms (archaea and bacteria). The wealth of information on the structure, chemistry, genetics, morphogenesis, and function of S-layers has revealed a broad application potential.

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  • To some extent, you are always evaluating the executive director, via observation at formal and informal meetings, in conversations you have with other volunteers, do- nors, and stakeholders—basically, any time you hear something about the executive or the organization, you are making an assessment that reflects on the executive. However, such judgments are quite personal, subject to interpersonal chemistry, and resistant to hard data about organizational performance.

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