Biometrics uses methods for unique recognition of humans based upon one or more
intrinsic physical or behavioral traits. In computer science, particularly, biometrics is
used as a form of identity access management and access control. It is also used to
identify individuals in groups that are under surveillance.
The key objective of the book is to provide comprehensive reference and text on
human authentication and people identity verification from physiological, behavioural
and other points of view (medical biometrics).
Biometrics-Unique and Diverse Applications in Nature, Science, and Technology provides a unique sampling of the diverse ways in which biometrics is integrated into our lives and our technology. From time immemorial, we as humans have been intrigued by, perplexed by, and entertained by observing and analyzing ourselves and the natural world around us.
The self-organizing map, first described by the Finnish scientist Teuvo Kohonen, can by applied to a wide range of fields. This book is about such applications, i.e. how the original self-organizing map as well as variants and extensions of it can be applied in different fields. In fourteen chapters, a wide range of such applications is discussed. To name a few, these applications include the analysis of financial stability, the fault diagnosis of plants, the creation of well-composed heterogeneous teams and the application of the self-organizing map to the atmospheric sciences...
Objectives of Chapter 14: To distinguish between message authentication and entity authentication; to define witnesses used for identification; to discuss some methods of entity authentication using a password; to introduce some challenge-response protocols for entity authentication; to introduce some zero-knowledge protocols for entity authentication; to define biometrics and distinguish between physiological and behavioral techniques.