This book is a revised and updated edition of Asking Questions: A
Practical Guide to Questionnaire Design, first published in 1982. It
focuses on the type of question asking that social science researchers
and market researchers use in structured questionnaires or interviews.
Many of the principles of effective formalized questioning we
focus on in this book are useful in other contexts. They are useful
in informal or semistructured interviews, in administering printed
questionnaires in testing rooms, and in experimental studies involving
participant evaluations or responses....
Are you looking to take your communication skills onto the next level?
Do you want to be able to tap into other’s wavelengths be able to influence at will?
Have you ever wondered what the master communicators do and how they seem to make it look so easy?
In this textbook you’ll will take your communication skills to another galaxy! You’ll discover how people
think, how they process information and what goes on behind the scenes (i.e in everyone’s brain) so you
can tailor your communications to get what you need and the desired outcomes....
We investigate the effect of a corporate culture of sustainability on multiple facets of corporate behavior
and performance outcomes. Using a matched sample of 180 companies, we find that corporations that
voluntarily adopted environmental and social policies many years ago – termed as High Sustainability
companies – exhibit fundamentally different characteristics from a matched sample of firms that adopted
almost none of these policies – termed as Low Sustainability companies.
It is generally agreed that abuse of older people is
either an act of commission or of omission (in
which case it is usually described as ‘‘neglect’’), and
that it may be either intentional or unintentional.
The abuse may be of a physical nature, it may be
psychological (involving emotional or verbal
aggression), or it may involve financial or other
material maltreatment. Regardless of the type of
abuse, it will certainly result in unnecessary
suffering, injury or pain, the loss or violation of
human rights, and a decreased quality of life for the
older person (4).
I. ACTING MAN 1. Purposeful Action and Animal Reaction
action is purposeful behavior. Or we may say: Action is will put into operation and transformed into an agency, is aiming at ends and goals, is the ego’s meaningful response to stimuli and to the conditions of its environment
The concept of governance is not a new one but nowadays we hear words as corporate governance, organizational governance or good governance frequently. Actually corporate governance or, as defined in ISO FDIS 26000, organizational governance is the system by which an organization makes and implements decisions in pursuit of its objectives. Simply put “governance” means: the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented).
The key QO staff listed above has the authority to identify quality problems and to recommend,
provide, and verify implementation of solutions. If there is evidence that the QMP is not being
followed, all QO staff have the authority to stop work until the appropriate quality procedures are
For the QO to stop work, the DQAM or CQAM must notify the Executive Committee and
WSDOT verbally, followed by written notice within 24 hours. The notification shall identify the
reason for stopping the work.
A 1992 study conducted by Arthur Andersen , commissioned by the Associated Credit
Bureaus (now known as the Consumer Data Industry Association) used a different
methodology to conclude that the error rate was much lower. This study reviewed the
behavior of 15,703 consumers who were denied credit based on a credit grantor’ s scoring
system. From this sample, 1,223 consumers (7.8%) requested their credit report from the
issuing credit repository, and 304 consumers (1.9% of the total sample) disputed the
information on the report. Of these, 36 disputes (11.
Improvement in the economic and financial outlook since the spring of 2009 reflects a broad and aggressive
policy response that has included the initiatives and programs under HERA and TARP as discussed above, other
financial stability policies implemented by the FDIC and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve,
accommodative monetary policy, and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA or the
It is clear from the pages that follow that the physical abuse of one individual by
another, or by both individuals of each other, is an integral component of some
intimate relationships, perhaps many intimate relationships. This book is not about
the violence as much as it is a reflection on our responses to—or our lack of
responses to—that violation of physical integrity and the accompanying emotional
and mental trauma. As these next pages indicate, we all too often fail to recognize
the signs of physical violence.
Incomplete or incorrect information about a mandate also can influence behavior in ways that are not commonly explained by typical assumptions of rationality. There is evidence that people are more responsive the more salient—or more notable—is the true price (or other important attribute) of an item.
Recent Supreme Court decisions categorically preclude the application of capital
punishment to convicted offenders who were below the age of eighteen or mentally
retarded at the time they committed the crimes for which they were sentenced.1 Neither
opinion suggests that offenders in these categories cannot be criminally responsible
for their offenses, and the Atkins opinion explicitly recognizes that some mentally
retarded offenders can qualify as criminally responsible for their offenses.
Clinical neurophysiology is an area of medical
practice focused primarily on measuring function
in the central and peripheral nervous
systems, the autonomic nervous system, and
muscles. The specialty identifies and characterizes
diseases of these areas, understands
their pathophysiology, and, to a limited extent,
treats them. Clinical neurophysiology relies
entirely on the measurement of ongoing
function—either spontaneous or in response
to a defined stimulus—in a patient.
The current extraordinary advances in basic biomedical and social sciences
have unprecedented potential to improve the human condition. These
insights, together with the human genome project and its successor
proteomics, will require an enormous commitment to translational research
to harvest their applications for medicine and public health. The progress
in political and social theory, linguistics, statistics, psychology, and behavioral
sciences generally deserves a similarly broad application of human
research to reach full expression.
The Superfund program protects the American public and its resources by cleaning up sites
which pose an imminent or long term risk of exposure and harm to human health and the
environment. In FY 2013, the Agency will maintain the funding level necessary to respond to
emergency releases of hazardous substances as well as maintain the goal of sites achieving
human exposure and groundwater migration under control.
Diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNIC) can be produced by different types of conditioning stimuli, but the analgesic properties and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The aim of this study was to differentiate the induction of DNIC analgesia between noxious electrical and inflammatory conditioning stimuli. Methods: First, rats subjected to either a supramaximal electrical stimulation or an injection of high-dose formalin in the hind limb were identified to have pain responses with behavioral evidence and spinal Fos-immunoreactive profiles. Second, suppression of tail-flick...
This book is motivated to a large extent by our dissatisfaction with current practices
in behavioral measurement. Most of the basic data consists of dichotomous
responses, and much of the rest is made of responses on short scales. Neither type
of data furnishes information that can inherently be considered more than ordinal.
The dominant contemporary treatment of this data is to derive from it scores on
interval-scale latent variables through the application of one or another"model"
that is presumed to explain the data.
Yet most people responsible for furnishing a new home have no
training in interior design. They may not be aware of interior de-
sign guidelines and they are unlikely to have the tacit knowledge
and experience required to optimally balance the tradeoffs. In-
stead such amateur designers rely on intuitive rules such as pushing
large furniture items against the walls. These intuitive rules often
lead to functionally ineffective and visually imbalanced arrange-
ments [Lyons 2008].
In comparison with quantitative testing, qualitative testing enables us to gain more insight
into “why” participants are feeling a certain way or saying certain things. In qualitative testing,
the facilitator is an active participant and is immersed in the subject matter during the testing
sessions, so further exploring of ambiguous responses can occur in order to have a clear sense
of what the consumer says and means. A primary purpose of qualitative research is to
generate suggestions and recommendations.
A number of studies explore whether pre-tax income changes in response to tax policy.
Pre-tax income would change if households alter their real economic behavior (i.e., their
actual behavior, such as working hours, rather than changes made only on paper) or if
they pursue tax-avoidance strategies, such as sheltering income offshore. The literature
on this issue suggests that households do pursue some tax avoidance strategies in light
of changes in their tax rates, rather than alter their real economic behavior.