Xem 1-20 trên 46 kết quả Behavioral genetics
  • Human behavioral genetic research aimed at characterizing the existence and nature of genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in cognitive ability, personality and interests, and psychopathology is reviewed.

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  • DNA testing is performed by mutational analysis or linkage studies in individuals at risk for a genetic disorder known to be present in a family. Mass screening programs require tests of high sensitivity and specificity to be costeffective. Prerequisites for the success of genetic screening programs include the following: that the disorder is potentially serious; that it can be influenced at a presymptomatic stage by changes in behavior, diet, and/or pharmaceutical manipulations; and that the screening does not result in any harm or discrimination.

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  • Several studies have shown that deficient uptake or excessive break down of membrane phospholipids may be associated with neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of postnatal iron administration in lipid composition and behavior and whether or not the established effects may be altered by subchronic administration of the neuroleptic compounds, clozapine and haloperidol.

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to understand: Studying behavior; behavioral ecologists distinguish between proximate and ultimate causes of behavior; many behaviors have a strong genetic component; environment, interacting with an animal’s genetic makeup, influences the development of behaviors;...

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "BRS Behavioral science" presents the following contents: The beginning of life - Pregnancy through preschool; school age, adolescence, special issues of development, and adulthood; aging, death and bereavement; genetics, anatomy and biochemistry of behavior; biological assessment of patients with psychiatric symptoms;... and other contents.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "High-Yield behavioral science" presents the following contents: Child development, adolescence and adulthood; aging, death and bereavement; psychodynamic theory and defense mechanisms, learning theory and behavioral medicine, substance related disorders, sleep, the genetics of behavior, behavioral neuroanatomy and neurochemistry, psychopharmacology, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.

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  • Cell biology studies the structural and physiological properties of cells, including their behaviors, interactions, and environment. This is done on both the microscopic and molecular levels, for single-celled organisms such as bacteria as well as the specialized cells in multicellular organisms such as humans. Understanding the structure and function of cells is fundamental to all of the biological sciences. The similarities and differences between cell types are particularly relevant to molecular biology....

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  • The representation of drug treatment in America can affect society in several ways, including stigmatization. Elizabeth Hirschman (1992), in her study of cocaine use in films, argues that "motion pictures which focus upon addiction can serve as instructive, semiotically-rich texts for communicating cultural knowledge about addiction" (p. 428). This communication is not simply one-way, though; it exists as a continual feedback loop, with movies "both reflect[ing] and shape[ing] individual and societal values, attitudes, and behavior" (Wedding, 2000, p. 3).

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  • "This book is a timely collection of reviews of fundamental processes in the compartments and chemical components of the cerebral micro-environments...its contents prove rewarding reading for the neuroclinician." - Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery "The book targets researchers, graduate students, and educators who face constant challenges on how to modify the external environment of a specific neuron in order to obtain specific behavioral results. The author is a credible authority on the subject but I think the scope of the book has an audience beyond that proposed by the author.

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  • Our setup allows us to disentan- gle the implications of these two alternative pricing mechanisms that are standard in the open-economy macro literature. In our model, di®erent assumptions regarding the pricing decisions of ¯rms are virtually inconsequential for the properties of aggregate variables, other than the terms of trade. In particular, the real exchange rate and the international relative price of ¯nal tradable goods behave similarly across the two price setting regimes.

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  • The Wisconsin Family Health Survey (FHS) collects information about health insurance coverage, health status, health problems and use of health care services among Wisconsin residents. This survey began in 1989 and has been conducted annually since then. This report is based on responses collected in 2008, the same year that the BadgerCare Plus health insurance program was implemented (February 2008). The survey results presented in this report are representative of Wisconsin household residents, who constitute approximately 97 percent of all persons residing in the state.

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  • One advantage of conducting after-hours building walk-throughs to collect data on office equipment power status is that more buildings can be surveyed with a given amount of time and money. On the other hand, the data collected represents a snapshot in time, and does not capture variations in user behavior over time, which would require automated long-term time series metering of equipment power state and power levels. This is our most robust sample of buildings to date for collecting data on the after hours power status of office equipment.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học Journal of Biology đề tài: The complex genetic basis of simple behavior...

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  • A variety of scientific disciplines have set as their task explaining mental activities, recognizing that in some way these activities depend upon our brain. But, until recently, the opportunities to conduct experiments directly on our brains were limited. As a result, research efforts were split between disciplines such as cognitive psychology, linguistics, and artificial intelligence that investigated behavior, while disciplines such as neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and genetics experimented on the brains of non-human animals.

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  • Over the last few years there have been dramatic advances in plant molecular genetics and these developments have provided scientists involved in the conservation of plant genetic resources with a range of new techniques for their research. Nowadays techniques are available to analyze variations in the DNA level of plants and animals or other organisms. Differences in gene sequence can be directly observed and described - a degree of precision previously impossible to achieve.

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  • Some health disparities are unavoidable, such as health problems that are related to a person’s genetic structure. However, most health disparities are potentially avoidable, especially when they are related to factors such as living in low-income neighborhoods or having unequal access to medical care. Reducing, if not eliminating, health disparities is an important goal for a number of reasons. Childhood is a time of enormous physical, social and emotional growth.

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  • We are delighted to announce the second Cohort of The International Palliative Care Leadership Development Initiative (LDI). Cohort 2 will run for two years from January 2012 to December 2013. The LDI is for palliative care physicians who wish to develop critical leadership knowledge, skills and behaviors that will help them to advance palliative care capacity locally, nationally and internationally. The ultimate goal of the LDI is to increase world-wide access to excellent palliative care for those who need it.

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  • Sociality evolves when the net benefits of association with conspecifics exceed the costs. Individuals that live in social groups may be less vulnerable to predation, better able to defend valued resources, and able to benefit from pooling information, but they must also cope with resource competition from other group members, the threat of infectious diseases, and the risk of infanticide (Krause and Ruxton 2002).

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  • In the kidney, Th17 effector cells have been demonstrated in biopsy samples in human glomerulonephritis (Abdulahad et al. 2009) and may participate in the pathogenesis of proliferative glomerulonephritis via production of IL-17 and direct induction of renal inflammation (Kim et al. 2009; Miossec et al. 2009; Turner et al. 2010; Kitching and Holdsworth 2011). Recent studies utilizing genetically engineered mice showed that RORγt promotes the development of crescentic glomerulonephritis by directing nephritogenic Th17 responses (Steinmetz et al. 2011) .

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  • I am a clinical psychologist. The guiding training model for clinical psychology is called "scientist-practitioner" which demands that any Ph.D. clinical psychologist must be trained both as a scientist and practitioner. Since receiving my Ph.D.

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