Behavioral interventions

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  • This book began many years ago as an inquiry into the legal issues sur- rounding humanitarian intervention—which I define as the use of military force to protect the victims of human rights violations. As I delved into the matter, however, I found that the legal problems of humanitarian interven- tion were inextricably intertwined with important ethical issues, including whether or not all countries and their citizens have a duty to come to the rescue of those whose lives are imperiled by the malicious behavior of their own governments or by armed factions.

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  • This chapter provides an overview of contemporary social and behavioral science theory use for development, implementation and evaluation of public health and health promotion interventions.

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  • This new report provides updated and additional information about the European microfinance market and current developments in the microfinance area. Moreover, it gives insights into the intervention logic, rationale for EU support, and mandate development considerations of the EIF in this field. More precisely, following a short introduction, we provide in the second section (general market overview) updated information for selected aspects of microfinance in Europe.

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  • The new millennium has seen the birth of a new perspective that conflates research in solid-state physics, biological science as well as materials engineering. The perspective is one that recognizes that future new advances in all these areas will be based on a fundamental understanding of the atomic and molecular infrastructure of materials that has resulted from two centuries of chemistry. Major advances will be achieved when the novel behavior, in particular the quantum mechanical behavior, that nanoscale structures possess, can be controlled and harnessed....

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  • Although advances have undoubtedly occurred, considered reflections about the seminal contributions of Bleuler - and indeed Kraepelin - in this centenary year, may make one wonder whether these treatment advances are a somewhat thin veneer, rather than the step change required. It could be argued that progress has been more due to changes in societal values and attitudes rather than the development of effective novel interventions – either pharmacological or psychological.

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  • Attempts to meet GHGE targets from the food chain must not be made in isolation because any dietary recommendations to reduce GHGEs must also meet dietary requirements for the health of the population. The most recent population-based energy and nutrient requirements were published in 1991 by the Department of Health (DoH 1991), with subsequent recommendations for specific food items such as fruit and vegetables, red and processed meat, and fish set by other organisations such as the Food Standards Agency and the World Cancer Research Fund (FSA 2007, WCRF 2007).

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  • Being researchers fortunate enough to be funded as part of the Social and Behavioral Science grant program of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), we attend several yearly meetings where fellow grantees presented their findings. Year after year we listen to our colleagues’ presentations of intervention calamity and recovery. Reports of campaigns leading to increases in hospital consent rates and workplace interventions increasing the number of registered workers are commonplace.

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  • Advocacy efforts recognize that, in order to build support for family planning and other reproductive health, a variety of different audiences and approaches must be used. To increase men’s participation in reproductive health, advocacy activities can be used to address a variety of legislative, institutional, religious, and cultural barriers. At the commu- nity level, opinion leaders and religious leaders often have negative perceptions of family planning.

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  • A multi-country operations research study investigating the combined effectiveness of a set of interventions designed to improve adolescent reproductive health (RH) knowledge, attitude and practices was launched in 1999. This study was conducted concurrently in Bangladesh, Kenya, Mexico and Senegal. The principal elements of the project were established through a consultative process that included several of the principal agencies, donors, research organizations and individuals working in the field of adolescent health care internationally.

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  • Actively involving marginalised groups in decision making processes at all levels, and providing them with the opportunity to hold service providers and policy makers accountable for discriminatory practices, corruption or poor quality services, helps to redress inequalities in access to SRH services and ensure that they are acceptable and appropriate. In practice, representation in the planning processes for SRH services has been limited.

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  • Children with disabilities are at risk for experiencing problems in many aspects of their lives, including becoming independent in daily living skills, meeting academic expectations, learning to communicate, maintaining emotional and behavioral regulation, adapting to the social demands of society, and developing motor proficiency.

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  • In short, risks increase if the bank considers the synthetic ETF structure as a stable and inexpensive source of funding for illiquid securities. ETF investors may not always have sufficient control over collateral arrangements to enable them to prevent such a situation. More broadly, investors in synthetic ETFs need to exercise an adequate level of scrutiny and due diligence on collateral selection and arrangements, which in turn depends on the level of transparency made available by ETF providers.

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  • An expert panel was convened, consisting of individuals with expertise in the areas of media use and its measurement, adolescent sexual health, and media effects on sexual health. Panelists were also expert in the use of new media in sexual health interventions. One goal was to identify gaps and set priorities for

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  • In the 1950s and 1960s intellectual discussions of crime were dominated by the opinion that criminal behavior was caused by mental illness and social oppression, and that criminals were helpless “victims.” A book by a well- known psychiatrist was entitled The Crime of Punishment (see Menninger [1966]). Such attitudes began to exert a major influence on social policy, as laws changed to expand criminals’ rights. These changes reduced the appre- hension and conviction of criminals, and provided less protection to the law-abiding population....

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Adjuncts or adversaries to shared decision-making? Applying the Integrative Model of behavior to the role and design of decision support interventions in healthcare interactions

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Adjuncts or adversaries to shared decision-making? Applying the Integrative Model of behavior to the role and design of decision support interventions in healthcare interactions

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa học quốc tế đề tài : A randomized trial of a lifestyle intervention in obese endometrial cancer survivors: quality of life outcomes and mediators of behavior change

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  • The purpose of the newsletter is to bring you up to dateregarding the activities in the department and to initiate aconversation between the faculty, alumni and friends of thedepartment. We are experiencing an exciting time here atHenderson and we look forward to the many opportunitiesthat lie ahead of us.

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  • Professor de Meza draws attention to recent literature which indicates that, in the context of widespread behavioural biases, two modes of financial capability work appear to be the most promising. These are the use of 'norms', which means directing people to a particular action such as higher saving, and the use of active intervention by a councillor and/or individualised advice, rather than passive information or education.

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  • Developing a common vision and a comprehensive approach to addressing children’s social, emotional and behavioral health needs is an integral part of child and adolescent health and health care. Policymakers can promote policies that call for a comprehensive state plan, interagency strategies and coordinated investments to support early social and emotional development. By integrating social and emotional development into existing programs and services, policymakers support efforts to comprehensively address the mental health needs of children and their families.

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