Behavioural ecology

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  • The theory and practice of molecular ecology draw on a number of subjects, particularly genetics, ecology and evolutionary biology. Although the foundations of molecular ecology are not particularly new, it did not emerge until the 1980s as the discipline that we now recognize. Since that time the growth of molecular ecology has been explosive, in part because molecular data are becoming increasingly accessible and also because it is, by its very nature, a collaborative discipline.

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  • 6 Molecular Approaches to Behavioural Ecology Using Molecules to Study Behaviour Behavioural ecology is a branch of biology that seeks to understand how an animal’s response to a particular situation or stimulus is influenced by its ecology and evolutionary history.

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  • As a premise to this textbook on Numerical ecology, the authors wish to state their opinion concerning the role of data analysis in ecology. In the above quotation, Goethe cautioned readers against the use of mathematics in the natural sciences. In his opinion, mathematics may obscure, under an often esoteric language, the natural phenomena that scientists are trying to elucidate. Unfortunately, there are many examples in the ecological literature where the use of mathematics unintentionally lent support to Goethe’s thesis.

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  • Numerous authors proposed chapters on their work, and those presented here are the fruit of those proposals. As editor of this book, it has been my pleasure to collaborate with these many, fine contributing scientists. This text brings forth a great amount of fresh information on the biogeography and ecology of poorly known taxa and landscapes, and explores biogeographic processes not previously studied. The assembled work is an anthology of issues in modern biogeography, with topics ranging across regional to global spatial scales, and ecological to evolutionary temporal scales.

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  • ASRM and the College of American Pathologists administer a reproductive laboratory accreditation program for embryology labs to assure that they conform to high national standards of quality. ASRM also produces ethics and practice guidelines. Its affiliate, the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART), strictly monitors member clinics for adherence to ASRM guidelines, accreditation of their embryology labs, qualification of their staff, and submission of data to the CDC.

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  • In response to various pressures, businesses have begun to report externally on their environmental policy and performance. The significance of such external reporting depends on the extent of changes in management culture and systems and on how new measures influence management decisions. The 'greening of accountancy' involves a reappraisal of how to identify and measure the relevant costs of processes and products (such as 'Total Cost Assessment') and a redesign of incentive mechanisms.

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  • The scientific literature suggests that the best unit to assess ecosystems is the 'socio-ecological system (SES)' (Gallopin, 1991, Glaser, 2008). SES integrates ecosystem functions and dynamics as well as human activities and the interactions of all these. The SES is equivalent to the SNA's institutional unit. Considering the production of ecosystem services, and in particular provisioning services, SESs are more or less homogenous.

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  • The aim of this new interdisciplinary series is to promote the exchange of information between scientists working in different fields, who are involved in the study of complex systems, and to foster education and training of young scientists entering this rapidly developing research area.

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  • This should be a puzzle. Much of the rationale for development economics as a specialization is the thought that poor countries suffer particularly frominstitutional failures.But institutional failures in greatmeasuremanifest themselves as externalities. To ignore population growth and ecological constraints in the study of poor countries would be to suppose that demographic decisions and resource-use there give rise to no externalities of significance, and that externalities arising from institutional failure have a negligible effect on resource-use and demographic behaviour.

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