In many respects man’s reaction to his environment - that is his behaviour, is principally
a function of his central nervous system. Over the last few decades there have
been considerable advances in the understanding of the organisation and functions
of this system, but much remains to be discovered concerning its basic biochemistry
The report brings home the reality that the HIV prevalence in South Africa among persons aged 2 years and older at 10.8% translates to 4.8 million people living with HIV/AIDS in 2005. Factors underpinning continued high HIV prevalence are partly illustrated by the finding that half of the respondents in this study who were found to be HIV positive did not think they were at risk of HIV infection. It considers HIV/AIDS stigma, the integration of family planning and HIV/AIDS service, and the existing HIV/AIDS communication campaigns.
Such central queues are called ‘liquidity-saving mechanisms’ (LSMs). There are a number of
studies on plain RTGS systems, but only a few on RTGS systems augmented with LSMs. Our
work contributes to this line of research.
We first model a benchmark system, ie a plain RTGS system where each bank decides: (i) the
amount of liquidity to use; (ii) which payments to delay in an internal queue (payments are made
as banks randomly receive payment orders, which need be executed with different ‘urgency’).
The topics discussed in chapter 1 are consumer behaviour and marketing strategy. This chapter highlights the different parent theories used in consumer behaviour. These are 3 fundamental questions we need to consider: Why study consumer behaviour? Why study consumer behaviour? How does it affect marketing strategy?
After gathering information, consumers then need to begin the process of making a decision about resolving their problem. In this chapter, we will examine the evaluative criteria used; the measurement aspects of evaluative criteria; note that consumers’ judgments can be inaccurate; and that as judgement is difficult, consumers use surrogate indicators; we’ll study the decision rules that may be used; and finally discuss how to utilise this knowledge to formulate marketing strategy.
n this cardinal report, research findings from a population-based household survey are presented on the general health status of infants, children, and adolescents in South Africa including morbidity, utilisation of health facilities, immunisation coverage, HIV status and associated risk factors. This compelling study also investigates the exposure of children and adolescents to HIV communication programmes and presents essential data on male circumcision as well as the acceptability of the practice....
Knowledge of HIV/AIDS is generally high, with sexual behaviour changes taking root in encouragingly low numbers of sexual partners and high levels of abstinence among the youth. There is still great uncertainty of the relationship between HIV and AIDS and popular myths. South Africans from all walks of life are at risk. In particular, wealthy Africans have the same levels of risk as poorer Africans - whereas in other race groups, poorer people are more vulnerable to infection.
In this study, the co-precipitated Co-Ni(OH)2 and Zn-Ni(OH)2 with different concentration of cobalt and zinc ions have been made by a chemical precipitation method. The characteristic properties of Ni(OH)2 powders were analyzed by the XRD and DTA-TGA methods. The electrochemical properties of Ni(OH) have been investigated. It was observed that a full
Chapter 1 introduction to the field of organisational behaviour. Chapter learning objectives: Define organisational behaviour, identify three reasons for studying organisational behaviour, describe five trends in organisational behaviour, identify the five anchors on which organisational behaviour is based, diagram an organisation from an open systems view, define knowledge management and intellectual capital, identify three that organisations acquire knowledge.
The study of behaviours that influence health and the factors determining
which individuals will and will not perform such behaviours has become a
key area of research within health psychology. As the second edition of this
book testifies, there is a considerable and impressive body of research in this
area. The purpose of this book is to provide in a single source an overview
of current research and practical details of how to apply the most widely
used social cognition models to the prediction of the performance of health
Human Resource Management is about the managerial and leadership processes which enable people to give of their best in today’s turbulent working scenarios. To that end, the syllabus content is less concerned with the academic study of human and organisational behaviour, but concentrates more on the development of effective, pragmatic, yet innovative solutions to the issues surrounding the need to maximise people’s productivity, efficiency and effectiveness.
Rheology involves the study of the deformation and flow of matter. The goal is to
establish relationships between stress and deformation for (non-Newtonian) materials
where neither Newton's law nor Hooke's law suffice to explain their mechanical
behaviour. Many materials exhibit a non-Newtonian behaviour and the area is
relevant in many fields of study from industrial to technological applications such as
concrete technology, geology, polymers and composites, plastics processing, paint
flow, hemorheology, cosmetics, adhesives, etc ......
Sodium concentration in
irrigation water replaces calcium by the process of Base Exchange, therefore reduces soil
permeability. Furthermore, excess salinity in groundwater used for irrigation decreased
plants osmotic activity and interfere water absorption and nutrients from the soil.
Nearly 5% of groundwater from the study site exceeds the desirable limit (1000 mg L-1) of
chloride. The natural source of chloride is due to the weathering of phosphate mineral
apatite present in granites.
Our Leadership IQ study of 20,000 new hires (reported in Fortune and Forbes) found
that the number one reason why new hires fail is that they are not coachable. A high
performance workplace is dependent upon employees that have the ability to accept and
implement feedback from bosses, colleagues, customers and other key players. There is
no point in investing time and energy in people who are not going to positively respond.
Doing so is a time consuming and exhausting exercise in futility.
After studying this section, you should be able to:
Recognise the different influences on the diffusion of the
Internet through society
Appreciate the differences in motivations for use,
adoption, rejection and non-use of the Internet amongst
different members of society Identify the different
motivations for using the Internet, and the different types
of Internet users. Identify the different motivations for
using the Internet, and the different types of Internet
Numerous authors proposed chapters on their work, and those presented here are the
fruit of those proposals. As editor of this book, it has been my pleasure to collaborate
with these many, fine contributing scientists. This text brings forth a great amount of
fresh information on the biogeography and ecology of poorly known taxa and
landscapes, and explores biogeographic processes not previously studied. The
assembled work is an anthology of issues in modern biogeography, with topics
ranging across regional to global spatial scales, and ecological to evolutionary
Within the past year, research has confirmed that non-expert community
psychiatric nurses can safely and effectively deliver cognitive behaviour
therapy (CBT) to patients with schizophrenia and their carers (Turkington
et al., 2002). It is reasonable to expect that other disciplines within mental
health would achieve similarly encouraging results (Turkington &
Kingdon, 2000). Such interventions are greatly appreciated by patients and
carers, improve job satisfaction for the practitioner and lead to improved
insight and coping.
Many more women are active today compared to when the first studies of activity in America
were conducted. However, as a group, girls and women are still less active than boys and men.
Some of this difference in activity between males and females can be explained by the
historical disparity in opportunities for females. Since 1972, when Title IX was implemented,
more females have become involved in organized sport. We have yet to discover the effects of
this increased participation on lifetime activity among females....
For additional data collection also international research networks and projects consortia were used.
The used networks were the European Forest Institute Mediterranean regional office (EFIMED) and
Project Centre INNFORCE, the COST Actions E30 and E51, and others. The included project consortia
were the EU FP6 IP EFORWOOD, EU FP6 GoFOR, Erasmus Sokrates IP INNO-FOREST, and the FOPER
project (network of research organisation in the Western Balkan region).