Specific software programs denoted in the Conformed RFP for use by design are considered
validated and do not need to be verified. Upon written request, WSDOT can specify other
programs that do not require formal verification. All other commercially available software
programs shall be verified and added to the Verified Computer Program Log for the project, as
Verification of Spreadsheets. Internally developed spreadsheets may be used.
At the peak of the stock market boom in the late 1990s, state and local public pension
systems experienced an unprecedented growth in their asset value. As a result,
pension benefits for public employees were increased in many states and at the same
time government employers reduced their contribution to the pension systems. The
stock market downturn between 2000 and 2002, however, brought this almost
perfect combination to a halt.
In addition to substantive reforms of the authorities and practices of regulation and
supervision, the proposals contained in this report entail a significant restructuring of our
regulatory system. We propose the creation of a Financial Services Oversight Council,
chaired by Treasury and including the heads of the principal federal financial regulators
as members. We also propose the creation of two new agencies.
Since the 1980s many funds charge 12b-1 fees, which are used to pay for marketing and
distribution costs and are included in the fund's expense ratio. Many funds offer multiple share
classes (such as A, B, or C classes) with different combinations of loads and 12b-1 fees. To
approximate the total cost of mutual fund shares, we aggregate all the costs incurred by fund
shareholders using the now standard total ownership cost (TOC) measure introduced by Sirri
and Tufano (1998).
Floods are part of nature. It is not technically feasible nor economically affordable to prevent all properties from
flooding. Therefore a risk-based approach is taken to achieve the best results possible using the budget and
resources available. As almost all of the Environment Agency’s funding has historically come from the taxpayer,
we have a responsibility to ensure we achieve as much benefit as possible from the funds provided.
The key concern with respect to project progress reports
is that they contain information that is relevant to the
reader, that progress against what was planned is
assessed (performance), and that the information is
clearly and concisely presented. More information is
not better information – quality is the key.
The Common Relex Information System (CRIS)
provides a standardized structure for reporting on the
implementation of EC funded projects (through the
‘Implementation Report’ window). This information
must be regularly updated.
Finally, a few words of caution. Vision is given a prominent position
in aesthetics, often dominating the other senses. The present approach is
similar in this, but it should be stressed that hearing, touch, smell, and even
taste all are implicated in perceptual processing. The vision system in the
brain is linked to the other sensory systems, which permits interaction at
an early processing stage. At a later stage, visual information is integrated
with other kinds of sensory information to produce multimodal perceptual
experiences and mental imagery....
One of the key features that enables the Greenplum Database to scale linearly and achieve such high performance is its
ability to utilize the full local disk I/O bandwidth of each system. Typical configurations can achieve from 1 to more than
2.5 gigabytes per second sustained I/O bandwidth per machine. This rate is entirely scalable, and overall I/O bandwidth
can be increased linearly by simply adding nodes without any concerns of saturating a SAN/shared-storage backplane.
Much of this debate reflects differences in analysis scope (Litman 2009b). Highway
expansion advocates tend to focus on traffic congestion reduction objectives and ignore
the negative effects of induced vehicle travel and sprawl.
Advocates of investments in
alternative modes tend to consider a wider range of impacts and objectives, including
traffic congestion reduction, parking cost savings, consumer cost savings, accident
reductions, improved mobility for non-drivers, energy conservation, pollution reductions,
and public fitness and health.
In order to provide comparable estimates of exposure to outdoor air
pollution for all 14 WHO regions, models developed by the World Bank
were used to estimate concentrations of inhalable particles (PM10) (Pandey
et al., 2004). Specifically, economic, meteorologic, and demographic data
and available PM measurements in 304 cities were used to estimate PM10
levels in all 3211 cities worldwide with populations greater than 100,000 and
The audit committee should agree with the board the company’s policy
for the employment of former employees of the external auditor, paying
particular attention to the policy regarding former employees of the
audit firm who were part of the audit team and moved directly to the
company. This should be drafted taking into account the ethical
guidelines set out by the accountancy bodies.
Clean all paint and primer from the areas to be welded. For those with a spot-welding attachment for their
welding equipment, skip the next step. If not, drill 1/4” holes in the panel mounting points to correspond with the
intended new spot welds.
Refit the new panel to the car, double-checking its’ alignment with door edges, bonnet , headlamp surrounds
and anywhere else it has to fit. Clamp it in place with vice-grips, small g-clamps or whatever fastening method
you are using.
Information systems capture, process, and store information using a wide variety of media.
This information is not only located on the intended storage media but also on devices used to
create, process, or transmit this information. These media may require special disposition in
order to mitigate the risk of unauthorized disclosure of information and to ensure its
Over the last few years, the Internet has had a profound effect on the private and professional lives of European
citizens, offering them an increasing number and range of opportunities for accessing information, gaining and
exchanging knowledge and realising personal learning goals. With the emergence of social media applications,
which encourage a more active and interactive internet usage, this trend is developing further.
Unfortunately, soon after these first attempts, the designer will find
the robot getting stuck on what seem to be innocuous objects or bumps,
held captive under a chair or fallen tree trunk, incapable of doing any-
thing useful, or with a manipulator that crushes every beer can it tries to
pick up. Knowledge of the mechanics of sensors, manipulators, and the
concept of mobility will help reduce these problems. This book provides
that knowledge with the aid of hundreds of sketches showing drive lay-
outs and manipulator geometries and their work envelope.
The States Parties to this Convention,
Bearing in mind the broad objectives in the resolutions adopted by the sixth special session of the General Assembly of the United Nations on the establishment of a New International Economic Order,
Considering that the development of international trade on the basis of equality and mutual benefit is an important element in promoting friendly relations among States,
A number of developments have inadvertently exposed the extent to which the
accountancy profession had become a major industry
and, thus, indirectly invited critical
reflection upon the relevance and adequacy of its regulation. Consideration of the three
episodes allows us to explore how accountants have responded to the challenge of change
and, more specifically, how they have sought to address and neutralise the threat to the image
of themselves (and associated material benefits) as responsible, independent professionals.
There are no steadfast rules or Department of State regulations that state that an EFM of a
diplomat operating a business for the exclusive use of other diplomats is exempt from local
business start-up policies, including registration and paying local taxes. However, since both the
owner/operator of the business and all clients or customers have diplomatic status, the logical
extension would be that this exemption does exist. Still, be careful in making such an
Our empirical results are based on monthly returns of 1,472 U.S. open-end, domestic
equity mutual funds existing at any time between 1975 and 2002. We investigate
the performance of the entire cross-section of mutual funds, as well as the cross-section
of each of three investment-objective categories, growth, aggressive-growth, and growth
We first show that the impact of luck on performance is substantial.
In resolution WHA63.14, the World Health Assembly
urges Member States to identify the most suitable policy
approach given national circumstances, and to develop
new policies or strengthen those existing that aim to
reduce the impact on children of marketing of foods high
in saturated fats, trans-fatty acids, free sugars, or salt.
This section proposes steps that may facilitate the policy
development process. Firstly, it is advisable for Member
States to seek consensus across government on the need
for policy development.