Benign disorders

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  • Benign breast disease comprises a wide range of conditions which worry patients, which vex physicians, which are vastly more common than breast cancer, and yet which have to date received relatively little attention in the medical literature. It is therefore a particular pleasure for me to introduce the third edition of Hughes, Mansel & Webster’s Benign Disorders and Diseases of the Breast, a unique and classic work which fully succeeds in addressing this imbalance and builds on the substantial and well-deserved success of the first (1989) and second (2000) editions.

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  • Pelger-Hüet anomaly. In this benign disorder, the majority of granulocytes are bilobed. The nucleus frequently has a spectacle-like, or "pince-nez," configuration. In severe acute bacterial infection, prominent neutrophil cytoplasmic granules, called toxic granulations, are occasionally seen. Toxic granulations are immature or abnormally staining azurophil granules. Cytoplasmic inclusions, also called Döhle bodies (Fig. 61-3), can be seen during infection and are fragments of ribosome-rich endoplasmic reticulum.

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Atlas and synopsis of lever's histopathology of the skin" presents the following contents: Perivascular, diffuse and granulomatous infiltrates of the reticular dennis; erivascular, diffuse and granulomatous infiltrates of the reticular dennis; inflammatory and other benign disorders of skin appendages; disorders of the subcutis.

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  • Có rất nhiều nguyên nhân, một số chưa rõ, tuỳ theo triệu chứng. Một số nguyên nhân thường gặp như sau: 1/ Viêm thần kinh sọ nảo số 8, chi nhánh Tiền Đình (vestibular neuronnitis). Đây là 1 tình trạng lành tính (benign disorder), thường hay bị tái phát, thường do siêu vi trùng (virus), thường ở nguới trẻ tuổi hoặc trung niên.

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  • Melanoma and Other Tumors Melanoma is the most common primary tumor of the eye (Fig. 29-18). It causes photopsia, an enlarging scotoma, and loss of vision. A small melanoma is often difficult to differentiate from a benign choroidal nevus. Serial examinations are required to document a malignant pattern of growth. Treatment of melanoma is controversial. Options include enucleation, local resection, and irradiation. Metastatic tumors to the eye outnumber primary tumors. Breast and lung carcinoma have a special propensity to spread to the choroid or iris.

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  • These findings along with a freely mobile prostate, normal serum acid phosphatase and normal skeletal radiographs suggested organ-confined disease and provided enough evidence to initiate radical treatment. In 1953, Colby retrospectively reviewed 100 prostatectomy specimens for presumed prostate cancer and of these 42 were performed solely on the basis of an abnormal digital rectal examination (DRE) (Colby 1953).

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Treatment for skin color" presents the following contents: Pigmentary disorders, follicular disorders and alopecias, tumors benign and malignant, cosmetics, complementary and alternative medicine.

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  • Part 2 book "Basic pathology" presentation of content: presentation of content: Vascular occlusion and thrombosis, atherosclerosis and hypertension, circulatory failure, benign grown disorders, menign grown disorders, what causes cancer, molecular genetics of cancer, the behaviour of tumours, the clinical effects of tumours.

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  • Pneumoperitoneum is rare following blunt abdominal injury but can indicate bowel perforation. Soft-tissue windows are used at first, they can detect large amounts of Pneumoperitoneum who appear black (Figure 3.). Smaller collections are attempted on lung windows, followed by bone windows. When detected on CT, it is not specific for bowel injury because air tracking from thoracic injuries can collect in the abdomen. Following penetrating abdominal injury, Pneumoperitoneum detected on CT is likely to indicate bowel perforation and prompts laparotomy in most cases. ...

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Shaw’s textbook of gynaecology" presents the following contents: Gestational trophoblastic diseases, disorders of menstruation-Amenorrhoea, menorrhagia, genital prolapse, diseases of the vulva, diseases of the vagina, benign diseases of the uterus, endometriosis and adenomyosis, disorders of the ovary, acute and chronic pelvic pain,... and other content.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Diagnostic imaging nuclear" presents the following contents: Musculoskeletal (benign bone tumors, malignant bone tumors, surgical assessment, avascular necrosis, dysplasias,...), vascular and lymphatics, cardiovascular, chest and mediastinum, CNS.

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Diagnostic breast imaging - Mammography, sonography, magnetic resonance imaging and interventional procedures" presents the following contents: The normal breast, benign breast disorders, benign tumors, inflammatory conditions, invasive carcinoma, lymph nodes, the male breast,...

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  • There are no recent statistics determining the size and scope of the inbound incentive travel market. The last estimates were provided in a report commissioned by the British Tourist Authority and partners in 1996, which calculated the value of inbound and domestic incentive travel (excluding air travel) to be in the region of £165 million per year. The fact that hotels do not differentiate between conference and incentive travel group bookings, makes it difficult to track occupancy levels.

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  • The term acid-peptic disorders encompasses a variety of relatively specific medical conditions in which injury by gastric acid (and activated pepsin) is thought to play an important role. These disorders include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), benign "peptic" ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, ulcers secondary to the use of conventional nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and ulcers due to the rare Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.

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  • In addition to local tissue invasion and metastasis, neoplastic cells can produce a variety of peptides that that can stimulate hormonal, hematologic, dermatologic, or neurologic responses. Paraneoplastic syndromes refer to the disorders that accompany benign or malignant tumors but are not directly related to mass effects or invasion.

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  • Viruses are obligate parasites which depend on living cells to multiply. Their ability to deliver stable RNA and DNA into cells has determined their use in gene therapy. In 1983 Mann et al. developed one of the first retroviral gene therapy vectors for delivery in vitro (Mann, Mulligan et al. 1983). This development was followed by many successfully gene therapy trials of retroviruses (Anderson, Blaese et al. 1990; Levine and Friedmann 1991; Blaese, Culver et al. 1993). Now, retrovirual vectors are implemented in nearly 22.2% of clinical trials (http://www.wiley.

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  • Earlier this year, the Texas Health and Human Services Commission reported to its state legislature that WHP has been effective in reducing unplanned births and has saved the state millions of dollars due to the reduction in Medicaid costs associated with those births. It estimated that over 8,000 births were averted in 2011, yielding $54 million in net savings (federal plus state), including more than $23 million in state savings.

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  • There can be many different variations in how car-sharing is organized. This depends in part on who is in charge or bears responsibility (a cooperative, a private firm, a municipal government, or whatever). In addition, car-sharing organizations can be classified as being either open or closed. A closed car-sharing organization has a set of vehicles used by a limited group of persons, such as the employees of a firm or of a municipal authority. An open car- sharing organization, in contrast, is one that in principle anyone can belong to.

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  • Municipal water accounts for less than a tenth of human water use, but clean drinking water is a critical need. Today, half of the world’s population live in towns and cities and one‐third of this urban population live without clean drinking water. These billion have‐nots are unevenly distributed across the globe: 700 million city dwellers in Asia, 150 million in Africa, and 120 million in Latin America and the Caribbean.

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  • Now that we’ve reviewed the building blocks for money market funds, it’s time to apply what you’ve learned. Imagine you’ve been given the task of managing a large multibillion-dollar money market fund. What would you do? Let’s give it a try.We’ll assume that the fund is a taxable general purpose money market mutual fund. Your responsibility to investors means that you will to do everything you can to maintain the stable $1.00 NAV and to assure liquidity any time a shareholder wants to withdraw cash—while providing a competitive yield.

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