Word and n-gram posterior probabilities estimated on N-best hypotheses have been used to improve the performance of statistical machine translation (SMT) in a rescoring framework. In this paper, we extend the idea to estimate the posterior probabilities on N-best hypotheses for translation phrase-pairs, target language n-grams, and source word reorderings. The SMT system is self-enhanced with the posterior knowledge learned from Nbest hypotheses in a re-decoding framework.
This book is for ambitious people who want to get ahead faster. If this is the way you think and feel, you are the person for whom this book is written. The ideas contained in the pages ahead will save you years of hard work in achieving the goals that are most important to you.
I have spoken more than 2000 times before audiences of as many as 23,000 people, in 24 countries. My seminars and talks have varied in length from five minutes to five days. In every case, I have focused on sharing the best ideas I could find...
Rules for formal writing are quite strict, though often unstated. Formal writing is used in academic and scientific settings whenever you want to convey your ideas to a wide audience, with many possible backgrounds and assumptions.
One of the concepts in the Balanced Scorecard methodology that appeals to many executives or other business
is the idea of having “leading measures.” After all, nobody wants to be compared to a driver who can
only navigate by looking through the rearview mirror. When Dr.
Seth Godin là tác giả của hàng loạt cuốn sách best-seller, là một thương gia với nhiều ý tưởng mới mẻ. Ông cũng là cộng tác viên lâu năm của tạp chí Fast Company.
Ông từng đảm nhiệm chức vụ Phó chủ tịch của Công ty Yahoo. Từ tháng 1 năm 2000, ông làm việc với tư cách cố vấn cho Yahoo.
Cuốn sách nổi tiếng của ông “Permission marketing” từ tháng 7 năm 1999 đã được lọt vào danh sách “Top 100 best-seller” của Amazon.com.
That’s where The Creative Training Idea Book can help. By providing a comprehensive
resource of research on learning, creative tips, techniques, and sources for obtaining
innovative and inexpensive items to add pizzazz to any training program, I hope to
spark your imagination. I also intend to provide you with a valuable tool for future reference
in your efforts to create the best possible learning environment and experience
for your audiences
Pfeiffer serves the professional development and hands-on resource needs of training and human resource practitioners and gives them products to do their jobs better. We deliver proven ideas and solutions from experts in HR development and HR management, and we offer effective and customizable tools to improve workplace performance. From novice to seasoned professional, Pfeiffer is the source you can trust to make yourself and your organization more successful.
Web designers are always comparing notes with each other, studying the code behind Web
pages they admire, and trying to figure out how to create the latest rollover effects, pop-up
windows, and graphic elements that make a Web page come to life.
As three experienced Web designers, we’ve been playing this game for years, looking over
the shoulders of our colleagues and sharing our best ideas with each other.
This chapter is about ideas—where they come from and how to develop the ones you have. There is no doubt that coming up with creative ideas is tough work. Nothing grows in a vacuum, and the best ideas and designs do not come easy. Artists often sit around in their studios or at their desks, virtually a vacuum, pondering where the next idea will come from. Often we sit and scribble on whatever paper is handy, tap the pencil, scribble some more, and then wonder where we lost our ability to think of good ideas. Good character designs do not...
For example, in the case of a multinational corporation, it might be reason-
able to assume a high degree of control and coordination in the administration
of the cluster of subnets of the corporation’s intranet. The administrators of
this intranet might very well be able to design and manage the whole network
of event servers deployed on their subnets, and thus it might be a good idea to
adopt a hierarchical architecture within the intranet. Of course, the intranet
would connect to other networks outside of the inﬂuence of the administrators.
Success in any enterprise depends on the interaction of tal-
ented, energetic people. We believe office furniture should
encourage this interaction by enabling the easy exchange of
ideas and information. Monolithic work cells dominated by
unmovable desks and hulking overhead storage can debili-
tate the office landscape and limit the effectiveness of the
people who must work in them.
How do we know if a hot new technology will succeed or fail? Most of us, even experts, get it wrong all the time. We depend more than we realize on wishful thinking and romanticized ideas of history. In the new paperback edition of this fascinating book, a book that has appeared on MSNBC, CNBC, Slashdot.org, Lifehacker.com and in The New York Times, bestselling author Scott Berkun pulls the best lessons from the history of innovation, including the recent software and web age, to reveal powerful and suprising truths about how ideas become successful innovations ...
You’ve always wanted to start your very own business. You dream of coming up with the next BIG thing that will change the way business works. You want to spread your evolutionary idea to the world. If the above describes you, then you may find this e-book report useful. This 145-pages report, 2006’s Best Business Ideas, is a compilation of the business ideas and concepts which made it big in 2006. We’ve included 2005’s and 2004’s hits as well. As you brainstorm of how to start your own business or how to take your existing business a big step forward...
As already contended in Volume I, most practical books and manuals deal with large, complex projects, which is not unnatural. Using projects to solve problems has never been more popular than it is today. By the end of the last century, 25% of the world’s spending was managed through projects according to some reports, and many projects are clearly very large and very costly. Keeping track of them requires good management and good tools. Project planning and project organization need to be sound, and every step must be controlled down to the last detail.2 If a large project starts going...
It has been said that "Nothing Succeeds Like Success." What is Success? If we consult the dictionaries, they
will give us the etymology of this much used word, and in general terms the meaning will be "the
accomplishment of a purpose." But as the objects in nearly every life differ, so success cannot mean the same
thing to all men.
The artist's idea of success is very different from that of the business man, and the scientist differs from both,
as does the statesman from all three. We read of successful gamblers, burglars or freebooters, but no true
success was ever won or ever can be...
This book is Volume I in a series of two books on how to master Small- and Medium-Sized Projects - SMPs.
These projects are those that seldom receive serious attention in the regular project literature of today. For
better or worse, it is the large, costly, complicated projects that are written about, researched and discussed in
It’s not about keeping our kids safe at school. That wasn’t even
mentioned in the president’s speech. They only care about their
decades-old gun control agenda — ban every gun they can, tax every
gun sold and register every gun owner.
This president has taken the art of public deception and manipulation
to a whole new level. Consider his proposal for so-called “universal
At first glance, it sounds like a reasonable, good idea. But there’s
nothing “universal” about it.
Think about it.
This is a slim book, but it contains a wealth of information. The author, a veteran science writer, tells us pretty much everything we need to know about her demanding field. She discusses finding the story you want to tell, conducting the research, and developing the story structure, and she breaks each down into its component parts. In the chapter titled "Research and Interview," for example, she discusses the proper use of press releases; how to choose your interview subjects (and even what time of day is best to conduct an interview); and the importance of being able to spot...