Bid model

Xem 1-20 trên 40 kết quả Bid model
  • As the significance of business improvement districts (BIDs) has grown in recent years in the governance of urban and metropolitan areas, not only in North America but also in a variety of European, Asian, and African countries, academic interest in them followed. BIDs are self-assessment districts that are initiated and governed by property or businessowners and authorized by state or local governments to operate in designated urban and suburban geographic areas.

    pdf550p hyperion75 15-01-2013 38 8   Download

  • Current turn-taking approaches for spoken dialogue systems rely on the speaker releasing the turn before the other can take it. This reliance results in restricted interactions that can lead to inefficient dialogues. In this paper we present a model we refer to as Importance-Driven Turn-Bidding that treats turn-taking as a negotiative process. Each conversant bids for the turn based on the importance of the intended utterance, and Reinforcement Learning is used to indirectly learn this parameter. ...

    pdf9p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 13 1   Download

  • Moreover, one's labour market status may be expected to have a (reverse) causal effect on current and future health. In this paper we analyse the relative importance of these endogeneity and measurement issues in the context of a model of early retirement decisions. We state assumptions under which we can use relatively simple methods to assess the relative importance of state dependent reporting errors in individual responses to health questions. The estimation results indicate that among respondents...

    pdf12p taisaokhongthedung 01-01-2013 39 6   Download

  • Banks in Italy and Spain made bids for a large proportion of the funds allocated at the first three-year LTRO (Graph 3, centre panel), while the funding situation of banks in other regions improved indirectly. 2 Banks in Germany, Luxembourg and Finland, for example, did not take much additional funding at the first LTRO. However, some of the allotted funds, perhaps after a number of transactions, ended up as deposits with these banks, boosting the liquidity of their balance sheets.

    pdf16p machuavo 19-01-2013 20 4   Download

  • At the consensus conference Torleif Løvgren from Kongsberg presented his experiences from IT training for senior citizens at Kongsberg - in this report referred to as the Kongsberg model. The model is to a large extent based on voluntary work, idealism and extensive cooperation between different voluntary organisations and municipal bodies.

    pdf4p taisaokhongthedung 01-01-2013 26 3   Download

  • However, the domino model is fl awed. For a start, the domino model paints a picture of passive fi nancial institutions who stand by and do nothing as the sequence of defaults unfold. In practice, however, they will take actions in reaction to unfolding events, and in anticipation of impending defaults. Second, the domino model does not take suffi cient account of how prices and measured risks change. In the simplest scenario of the domino model, asset prices are fi xed at their book values, and balance sheets take a hit only with default. Such a...

    pdf11p doipassword 01-02-2013 19 3   Download

  • The Readymade did not and was not able to address itself to depiction; its concern is with the object, and so if we were to classify it within the canonical forms it would be sculpture. But no-one who has thought about it accepts that a Readymade is sculpture. Rather it is an object that transcends the traditional classifications and stands as a model for art as a whole, art as a historical phenomenon, a logic, and an institution. As Thierry de Duve has so well demonstrated, this object designates itself as the abstraction ‘art as such’, the thing that can...

    pdf20p giamdocamnhac 06-04-2013 29 3   Download

  • Despite mounting public concern, the factors influencing this illness are not fully understood, especially for children. Medical research has demonstrated that asthma is both a chronic and acute illness. In the chronic aspect, an individual’s airways are persistently inflamed and their immune system is hyper- responsive, but the causes of this remain largely unknown (American Lung Association (2000)).

    pdf38p can_thai 12-12-2012 27 2   Download

  • In order to clarify the assumptions underlying our empirical strategy, we present a model of wages as it relates to the decision to obtain an MBA. The decision to obtain an MBA is modelled similarly to the labor market program participation models discussed in Heckman et al. (1999). The purpose of the model is to clarify the assumptions under which the fixed effects estimate of the returns to an MBA can be appropriately interpreted as the treatment on the treated.

    pdf50p thieubaotrang 16-04-2013 44 2   Download

  • Another well-known empirical fact is the predictability of stock returns by variables that are informative about the business cycle. 1 The evidence suggests that the equity premium is time varying, that is, it is higher at business cycle troughs than at peaks. In an equilibrium asset pricing model, time variation in the equity premium must be explained by time variation in the price or quantity of risk.

    pdf0p bocapchetnguoi 05-12-2012 14 1   Download

  • The sample period for our study is November 1, 1999 through July 31, 2002. Our choice of sample period was primarily driven by data considerations, i.e., our empirical analysis requires secondary market daily prices of loans, which were not available prior to November 1, 1999. The dataset we use is a unique dataset of daily secondary market loan prices from the Loan Syndications and Trading Association (LSTA) and Loan Pricing Corporation (LPC) mark-to-market pricing service, supplied to over 100 institutions managing over $200 billion in bank loan assets.

    pdf0p enter1cai 16-01-2013 15 1   Download

  • All trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners. Rather than put a trademark symbol after every occurrence of a trademarked name, we use names in an editorial fashion only, and to the benefit of the trademark owner, with no intention of infringement of the trademark. Where such designations appear in this book, they have been printed with initial caps.

    pdf299p rosesdalat2803 13-07-2009 283 125   Download

  • The expert interviews served as a complement to the information from the literature review and the questionnaire, about the overview and application of financing mechanisms. In general, the interviews focused on identifying types and examples of innovative financing mechanisms.

    pdf28p dangsuynghi 15-03-2013 31 7   Download

  • When selecting your target journal it is beneficial to conduct an analysis of the purpose and mission of the journal, and examine what type of articles they typically publish. Pay special attention on the topics, the structure and the research methods. Conduct a deeper analysis on about five recent articles in the target journal. If the journal does not seem suitable, choose another one and conduct a similar analysis. Browse through the editorial board and previous authors and pay attention to their nationalities.

    pdf120p commentcmnr 03-06-2013 27 7   Download

  • To deal with the lack of reported information, we propose a novel approach to obtain the exposure contained in the net position in interest-rate derivatives. We specify a state space model of a bank’s derivatives trading strategy. We then use Bayesian methods to estimate the bank’s strategy using the joint distribution of interest rates, bank fair and notional values as well as bid-ask spreads. Intuitively, the identification of the bank’s strategy relies on whether the net position (per dollar notional) gains or loses in value over time, together with the history of rates.

    pdf43p taisaovanchuavo 23-01-2013 26 6   Download

  • Additionally, Dodd-Frank imposes mandatory clear- ing and trade execution requirements on most standard- ized swaps. 4 Prior to the implementation of Dodd-Frank, over-the-counter swaps were largely unregulated. The terms of many swaps were negotiated between eligible contract participants and not materially impacted by Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) or SEC regulations. However, Dodd-Frank brings all swaps under CFTC or SEC regulation. 5 This article provides a brief overview of the new regulations....

    pdf8p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 21 6   Download

  • This 2013 Work Programme sets out the long term vision of what the EU might look like in key policy areas, summarises what is missing today and explains how the Commission will tackle these challenges. By prioritising the right kind of initiatives, the EU can contribute to growth and job creation and can step by step move closer to its longer term vision. The Commission has already tabled a wide range of growth enhancing proposals which are now being negotiated by the co-legislators.

    pdf12p lenh_hoi_xung 01-03-2013 27 5   Download

  • For bonds, debentures, asset-backed securities and other debt securities, the fair value represents the bid price provided by independent security pricing services. Short-term investments are included in the Statement of Investment Portfolio at their fair value. Unlisted warrants are valued based on a pricing model which considers factors such as the market value of the underlying security, strike price and terms of the warrant.

    pdf8p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 21 5   Download

  • Sophisticated engines could not even happen until Maxwell’s use of dif- ferential equations in order to stop the engines of that time from flying apart, stopping, or oscillating wildly, so the mathematics here starts with advanced calculus. Today’s engines are far more sophisticated. Their designs require the solutions of complex non-linear partial differential equations and very advanced work with linear algebra. Today a major focus is on autonomous machines, machines that can do routine and even non-routine tasks without human control.

    pdf83p dacotaikhoan 25-04-2013 24 5   Download

  • To account for the incentive alignment and the information effects of ownership concentration, we control for the level of voting rights in each firm and focus on examining how earnings informativeness is affected by the controlling owner’s entrenchment.

    pdf40p bin_pham 06-02-2013 26 4   Download

CHỦ ĐỀ BẠN MUỐN TÌM

Đồng bộ tài khoản