Environmental managers, engineers, and scientists who have had experience with industrial and
hazardous waste management problems have noted the need for a handbook that is comprehensive
in its scope, directly applicable to daily waste management problems of specific
industries, and widely acceptable by practicing environmental professionals and educators.
Environmental managers, engineers, and scientists who have had experience with hazardous
industrial waste problems have noted the need for a book that is comprehensive in its scope,
directly applicable to daily hazardous industrial waste treatment, and widely acceptable by
practicing environmental professionals and educators
Suppose we have a function f (x) where the variable x may be a vector of many
dimensions. We seek the point x∗ such that f (x∗) is the maximum value among
all possible f (x). This point x∗ is called the global optimum of the function f (x).
It is possible that x∗ is a unique point but it is also possible that there are several
points that share the maximal value f (x∗). Optimization is a field of mathematics
that concerns itself with finding the point x∗ given the function f (x).
This book covers multiple topics of Ergonomics following a systems approach, analysing the relationships between workers and their work environment from different but complementary standpoints. The chapters focused on Physical Ergonomics address the topics upper and lower limbs as well as low back musculoskeletal disorders and some methodologies and tools that can be used to tackle them.
Ergonomics, also known as Human Factors, is a recent scientific discipline, curiously
with a well‐defined and official date and place of birth, July 12, 1949, in England.
However the term Ergonomics, was proposed in 1857, by the Polish philosopher and
naturalist Wojciech Jastrzebowski and fell into oblivion for nearly a century. The word
Ergonomics results from joining the Greek words ergon meaning ʺworkʺ and nomos
meaning ʺnatural lawsʺ, and conveys the concern of understanding the relationships
between humans and their work environment....
Biomarkers are the keystone of stratified medicine. Now, as for any new medical product,
the development of bioassays follows a pathway that begins with basic research and moves
toward preclinical and clinical stages. Although biomarkers can be identified in clinical
phases, the discovery of new biomarkers is often ground in knowledge generated by
academic basic research. A better understanding of disease mechanisms is crucial in this