Biodiesel production

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  • Preparation, characterization and application of heterogeneous solid base catalyst for biodiesel production from soybean oil has many contents: Preparation of catalyst, haracterization of the catalys, ransesterification of soybean oil and chemicalanalyses, creening of catalyst, atalyst characterizations, fluence of the transesterification reactionconditions,...

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  • Recently, several strains of microalgae have been studied as they contain high lipid content capable to be converted to biodiesel. Fresh water microalgae Chlorella vulgaris studied in this research was one of the proof as it contained high triacyl glyceride which made it a potential candidate for biodiesel production. Factors responsible for good growing of microalgae such as CO2 and nitrogen concentration were investigated. It was found that total lipid content was increased after exposing to media with not enough nitrogen concentration.

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  • In this paper, wild/type strains of chlorella "green microalgae" isolated from Algerian Sahara soil are tested for their ability to produce biodiesel. The results show that Chlorella sorokiniana strain Ce, under different culture conditions, accumulates some fatty acids which make the most suitable for the production of good quality biodiesel.

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  • In this paper writing: Lipids in Microalgae, Methods of Lipid Induction, Genetic Engineering of Microalgae to Increase Lipid Production

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  • This book focuses on the development of biodiesel systems from the production of feedstocks and their processing technologies to the comprehensive applications of both by-products and biodiesel. It should be of interest for students, researchers, scientists and technologists.

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  • The increasing demand for energy worldwide, together with the depletion of crude oil reserves, environmental threats due to greenhouse gas emissions and new national and international legislation, is resulting in the imperative for petroleum-derived fuels to be complemented or substituted by biofuels. Such an alternative, renewable, biodegradable and nontoxic biofuel is biodiesel. The book “Biodiesel: Feedstocks and Processing Technologies” is intended to provide a professional look on the recent achievements and emerging trends in biodiesel production.

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  • The use of biodiesel worldwide is becoming increasingly important, because of the widespread shortage of oil resources, which has raised the prices of fossil fuels. This biofuel also offers an opportunity to meet the energy demands with less impact to the environment due its renewable characteristics. This book entitled "Biodiesel – Quality, Emissions and By-Products" comprises 20 chapters and covers topics related to biodiesel quality, performance of combustion engines that use biodiesel, and the emissions they generate.

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  • The objective of this research is to study of microbial lipid production by locally photosynthetic microalgae and oleaginous yeast via integrated cultivation technique using CO2 emissions from yeast fermentation. A maximum specific growth rate of Chlorella sp. KKU-S2 of 0.284 (1/d) was obtained under an integrated cultivation and a maximum lipid yield of 1.339g/L was found after cultivation for 5 days, while 0.969g/L of lipid yield was obtained after day 6 of cultivation time by using CO2 from air. A high value of volumetric lipid production rate (QP, 0.

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  • The crisis of energy producing molecules (fuels) is expected to increase in future, which is currently produced from crude mineral oil. Biodiesel is most reliable, non-toxic, biocompatible liquid fuel that can replace the existing unsustainable sources of energy.

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  • Microalgae have the potential to generate significant quantities of biomass and lipid suitable for biodiesel preparation. Heterotrophic growth of microalgae involves the utilization of organic compounds as sole carbon and energy sources under dark condition that could get rid of the dependence on light.

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  • With the depletion of oil resources as well as the negative environmental impact of fossil fuels, there is much interest in alternative energy sources. Focusing on some of the most important alternate energy sources for the foreseeable future, the Handbook of Plant-Based Biofuels provides state-of-the-art information on the status of the production of biofuels, in particular, bioethanol and biodiesel. After profiling plant-based biofuels, the book gives an overview of the production of biofuels from biomass materials by thermochemical and biochemical methods.

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  • Biofuels Engineering Process Technology has many contents: Harvesting Energy from Biochemical Reactions, Microbial Modeling of Biofuel Production, Biofuel Feedstocks, Ethanol Production, Biodiesel, Biological Production of Hydrogen, Microbial Fuel Cells.

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  • Ethanol use has also been boosted by the U.S. Clean Air Act and its various progressions. Originally, the Clean Air Act required wintertime use of oxygenated fuels in some urban areas to ensure more complete burning of petroleum fuels. Since ethanol contains 35 percent oxygen, this requirement of the act could be met by using an ethanol-containing blend. The current Energy Act eliminates the need for oxygenates per se in RFG, but it speci- fies the minimum amount of renewable fuels to be added to gasoline....

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  • 18 Biodiesel Production Using Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) and Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) Seed Oil Lekha Charan Meher, Satya Narayan Naik, Malaya Kumar Naik, and Ajay Kumar Dalai contents Abstract.................................................................................................................. 255 18.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 256 18.1.1 Karanja and Jatropha Oils as Feedstock for Biodiesel .................... 257 18.1.2 Fatty Acid Alkyl Esters as Biodiesel ..................................

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  • 13 Biodiesel Production Technologies and Substrates Arumugam Sakunthalai Ramadhas contents Abstract.................................................................................................................. 183 13.1 Introduction ................................................................................................ 184 13.2 Vegetable Oil Characterization .................................................................. 184 13.3 Alkaline Catalyst Transesterification ......................................................... 186 13.3.1 Alcohol to Oil Molar Ratio ..............

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  • 16 Palm Oil Diesel Its Production and Experimental Test on a Diesel Engine Md. Abul Kalam, Masjuki Hj Hassan, Ramang bin Hajar, Muhd Syazly bin Yusuf, Muhammad Redzuan bin Umar, and Indra Mahlia contents Abstract.................................................................................................................. 226 16.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 226 16.1.1 Biodiesel Production and Marketing Status in Malaysia ................ 227 16.1.2 Biodiesel Standardization ..............................

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  • 15 Biodiesel Production With Supercritical Fluid Technologies Shiro Saka and Eiji Minami contents Abstract.................................................................................................................. 213 15.1 Introduction ................................................................................................. 214 15.2 Supercritical Fluid ...................................................................................... 214 15.3 One-Step Supercritical Methanol Method (Saka Process) ......................... 215 15.

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  • 17 Biodiesel from Rice Bran Oil Yi-Hsu Ju and Andrea C. M. E. Rayat contents Abstract.................................................................................................................. 241 17.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 242 17.2 Rice Bran Oil Processing ............................................................................. 243 17.3 RBO for Biodiesel Production......................................................................246 17.

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  • 19 Biodiesel ProductionIts from Mahua Oil and Evaluation in an Engine Sukumar Puhan, Nagarajan Vedaraman, and Boppana Venkata Ramabrahmam contents Abstract.................................................................................................................. 267 19.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 268 19.1.1 Worldwide Research on Vegetable Oil as Fuel ............................... 268 19.1.2 Mahua (Madhuca indica) Oil for Biodiesel Production ................. 268 19.1.3 Transesterification .......

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  • 20 Biodiesel Production from Rubber Seed Oil Arumugam Sakunthalai Ramadhas, Simon Jayaraj, and Chandrashekaran Muraleedharan contents Abstract.................................................................................................................. 281 20.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 282 20.2 Potential of Rubber Seed Oil as an Alternative Fuel ................................... 282 20.2.1 Transesterification .......................................................................... 283 20.2.1.

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