Some water moves through the skin of mammals by insensitive diffusion. Most of the
water, which passes through the skin, however, does so in the form of active sweating.
Larger mammals usually sweat to dissipate heat. Among the domestic species, both
camels and cattle have adopted this mechanism. A characteristic of the camel is that there
is no copious flow of sweat or obvious wetting of the hair. The evaporation takes place at
the surface of the skin and not at the extremities of the hair. The latent heat of
evaporation is therefore drawn from the skin rather than from...
The skin plays an important role in maintaining the integrity of the living organism
while allowing the interaction of the organism with its environment. To fulfill these
functions, mechanical stability is as important as flexibility. The mechanical properties
of skin are very diverse depending on the anatomical location, and they evolve
throughout life from the fetus to old age. Both genetic and acquired skin diseases
modify skin biomechanics, as do intrinsic and photoaging.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Textbook of aging skin" presents the following contents: Biomarkers, in vitro techniques, pigmentation, diseases associated with aging, malignant skin conditions, on malignant skin conditions, bioengineering methods and tools, percutaneous penetration,...
There are several reasons that may explain why the prevalence of heart failure is increasing:
ageing of the population, the success in prolonging survival in coronary patients, and the
success in postponing coronary events by effective prevention in those patients at high risk
or those patients who have already survived a first event (secondary prevention) (Senni et
al, 1999). Advances in medical therapy have resulted in improved survival in patients with
moderate and severe heart failure, but the prognosis for end-stage heart failure patients still
The modular producer cell lines present several advantages: they are safer since integration
of the vector within the packaging cell line was identified, the duration of the entire
development process is much reduced as there is no need for screening and, in addition,
production conditions are favorable due to the possibility of pre-adaptation of the master
cell line to culture conditions and media. Thus, therapeutic virus production from bench to
bedside becomes safer, faster, and cheaper (Coroadinha et al. 2010)....
Creating markets for SME business development services does not mean relying exclusively on ‘for
profit’ support. Rather, it means recognising that intervention may be justified when it helps to articulate
SME needs more clearly, so that a clear demand for certain services is created which markets can provide.
It also requires ensuring that commercial suppliers of support are equipped to deal with that demand.
Other than this, automation and optimization of production engineering was attempted
in various fields. Okumoto et al. (2005D) optimized the block allocation on the
assembly area using simulated annealing method. Wibisono et al. (2007) optimized
block division planning using genetic algorithm and product model. Universal
Shipbuilding Corporation (2008) developed a high performance NC Printing Machine,
which enables fast printing irrespective of the number of characters and lines to be
Some of those shareholders kept a close watch on the Fund’s
holdings and noticed a large position in broker Lehman Brothers.
These investors—sensing that the brokerage ﬁrm might be in trouble—
decided to take their money out of the fund. To meet their redemption
requests, the fund sold other securities—with the unfortunate result
that the problematic Lehman securities became an ever-larger portion
of the remaining assets.
The Reschovsky and Staiti study  interviewed both
patients and physicians, and provides considerable
insight regarding differences in physical accessibility
across the urban-rural continuum. The nationally representative
survey was fielded in urban, suburban, and
remote rural regions. Persons in remote rural regions had
significantly longer travel times to see physicians and specialists
than persons in metropolitan areas (2 minutes
longer to see a physician and 34 minutes longer to see a
Remote Control Transmitter: (refer to the schematics and block diagram on p.31 as needed)
When the levers in the Remote Control Unit are pushed electrical contacts are made connecting the 9V battery
power to the transmitter and indicating which commands the user wants sent to the car. Forwards/Backwards
and Left/Right commands are controlled by different levers and use different sets of electrical contacts that are
used to encode a sequence of electrical pulses; the number of pulses depends on which command is being
The most signiﬁcant audience for which Hollywood failed to
cater in the immediate post-war decades, and which created the basis
for some of the most important strains of independent production,
was the youth audience. Hollywood was very slow to respond to
demographic and other social changes during the 1950s and 1960s
that created a large audience receptive to material targeted at teenage
The PPS also recognises that renewable energydevelopments may have an adverse effect on both the historic and natural environment.It thereforestipulates that applications affecting World HeritageSites should only be granted after an assessment has shown that the integrity of the site would not be adversely affected.
We contacted Planned Parenthood centers to determine which of their clinics in the
county (two clinics each were chosen for Bexar County and Dallas County) saw the greatest
number of WHP clients in 2011. Based upon the assumption that clients who attend those
Planned Parenthood clinics would seek care at providers in the same proximate area, we
identified non-PPFA providers within 30 miles of the chosen Planned Parenthood clinics and
chose four non-PPFA providers who served the largest number of WHP clients in 2011 for
In the eight years since publication of the first edition, enormous progress has been
made in the field of skin imaging and analysis. Because of the broad array of new
methods now available to the research scientist—and more and more to the clinically-
oriented dermatologist—we were able to widen the scope of this book from
the skin surface to the entire skin. This is also reflected in the change of the volume
title, Bioengineering of the Skin: Skin Imaging and Analysis.
Hence, this second edition is a major revision of the first edition, with more
than 30 new chapters added....
Carbon monoxide is a clear, odourless gas produced by the incomplete combustion of
organic compounds. It reduces the blood’s capacity to carry oxygen. CO combines
selectively with haemoglobin (the oxygen transport protein in red blood cells) to form
carboxyhaemoglobin. CO impairs perception and judgment at low levels. Effects worsen
as CO levels rise, leading ultimately to convulsions and coma at high concentrations.
The CO provisions of the ambient air NEPM are based on evidence that a
carboxyhaemoglobin threshold of 2.
Another service is the grading of products by recognized standards of quality. Grading helps
farmers get fair prices for their products. It also permits commercial buyers to make purchases of
such products as milk, butter, eggs, and meat on a basis of quality and price.
Wholesaling and retailing, two essential services, are performed on the widest scale possible.
They reach every community.
More companies are proving it is possible to make money and actively help to slow the degradation of the planet for future generations. Within these companies, the push for change comes from the top—it’s all about leadership.
UTC Power has great success working with organizations whose leaders are visionary about how their business affects the environment. They are concerned about where their companies need to be 3 0 or 40 years down the road. It’s the vision of the leadership that moves them toward using power solutions like ours.
And although the marketing function masquerades
under many names within nonprofit organizations—
Communications, Advancement, External Affairs,
Public Relations, or Brand Management — the primary
objectives are pretty much the same: to define and
then defend an organization’s position, and move it
closer to success in its mission.
Transport will play a critical role in delivering the CO2 emissions cuts needed to meet global political cli-
mate change targets. The world’s car fleet is expected to triple by 2050, with 80% of the growth in rapidly
developing economies. At the same time the car manufacturing industry is facing huge difficulties in the
economic recession. We have to find ways to reconcile legitimate aspirations for mobility, an ambitious
reduction in CO2 from cars worldwide, and global economic recovery.
A common approach to estimating node positions is direct mea-
surement or triangulation against landmarks in the immediate one-
hop vicinity. Active Badge  relies on the closest infrared re-
ceiver to locate specialized beacons carried by tracked assets. RADAR 
relies on a centralized database of signal ﬁngerprints from land-
marks obtained at all locations and orientations to localize a node.
Lorincz andWelsh  propose a similar RF ﬁngerprint-based node
localization technique that relies on strength signatures and a dis-