Xem 1-20 trên 25 kết quả Biographical information
  • Toxicogenomics, the study of how genomes respond to exposure to toxi- cants, may ultimately hold the promise of detecting changes in the expres- sion of a person's genes if he or she is exposed to these toxicants. As the technology rapidly develops, it is critical that scientists and the public communicate about the promises and limitations of this new field. Commu- nicating technical information to the public about a developing science can be challenging, particularly when the applications of that science are not yet well understood.

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  • Having visited the South for the benefit of my health, I arrived at Savannah, in Georgia, on the 10th of February, 1834; and, indulging the common inquisitiveness of a stranger about the place, was informed that just one hundred and one years had elapsed since the first settlers were landed there, and the city laid out. Replies to other inquiries, and especially a perusal of McCall's History of the State, excited a lively interest in the character of General OGLETHORPE, who was the founder of the Colony, and in the measures which he pursued for its advancement, defence, and prosperity.

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  • We present a general framework for automatically extracting social networks and biographical facts from conversational speech. Our approach relies on fusing the output produced by multiple information extraction modules, including entity recognition and detection, relation detection, and event detection modules. We describe the specific features and algorithmic refinements effective for conversational speech.

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  • We describe a biographical multidocument summarizer that summarizes information about people described in the news. The summarizer uses corpus statistics along with linguistic knowledge to select and merge descriptions of people from a document collection, removing redundant descriptions. The summarization components have been extensively evaluated for coherence, accuracy, and non-redundancy of the descriptions produced.

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  • This paper proposes the idea of ranking definitions of a person (a set of biographical facts) to automatically generate “Who is this?” quizzes. The definitions are ordered according to how difficult they make it to name the person. Such ranking would enable users to interactively learn about a person through dialogue with a system with improved understanding and lasting motivation, which is useful for educational systems.

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  • In this paper, we examine the task of extracting a set of biographic facts about target individuals from a collection of Web pages. We automatically annotate training text with positive and negative examples of fact extractions and train Rote, Na¨ve Bayes, ı and Conditional Random Field extraction models for fact extraction from individual Web pages. We then propose and evaluate methods for fusing the extracted information across documents to return a consensus answer.

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  • Fifty Major Economists provides a comprehensive and clear exposition of the ideas of those individuals responsible for shaping the discipline of economics. Numerous examples help to illustrate the key concepts and ideas of these economists. The book covers a wide range of thinkers, spanning several centuries, beginning with Thomas Mun and Adam Smith, and progressing to recent Nobel Prize winners such as Robert Lucas and Amartya Sen.

    pdf220p conrepcon 12-04-2012 36 17   Download

  • Public health officials have long been concerned about the effect of the environment on human health. In the nineteenth century, public health efforts in the United States were focused on controlling the spread of infectious disease, and advances in sanitation and the provision of clean water contributed to improvements in the health of the population.

    pdf269p camnhung_1 13-12-2012 15 6   Download

  • One morning, long ago, John woke up and decided he wanted to write a book on theories and techniques in counseling and psychotherapy. He thought, “Of all the classes I teach, I love teaching theories and techniques best, so I should write a textbook.” John then began using a cognitive self-instructional problem-solving strategy (see Chapter 8). He identified the problems associated with existing theories and techniques textbooks and formulated possible solutions.

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  • In August 1999, the Transportation Research Board (TRB) held a workshop at the request of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to examine its Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) concept.

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  • Toxicogenomics has been described as a discipline combining ex- pertise in toxicology, genetics, molecular biology, and environmental health to elucidate the response of living organisms to stressful environ- ments. It includes the study of how genomes respond to toxicant expo- sures and how genotype affects responses to toxicant exposures. As the technologies for monitoring these responses rapidly develop, it is critical that scientists and regulators are confident that the technologies are reli- able and reproducible and that the data analyses have been validated.

    pdf99p layon_5 29-03-2013 19 4   Download

  • Over the centuries, from Edward Jenner to Bill Gates, as our scientific understanding of diseases has increased, so has the focus on prioritizing new vaccines to help achieve better health. Despite the expanding interest in and support toward improving global health, constraints inherent to vaccine development and delivery present decision makers with difficult choices. Given the lack of effective tools and models to assist the decisionmaking process, renewed attention is needed to improve the approaches available for priority setting and for guiding investment decisions....

    pdf189p xunu1311 02-11-2012 22 3   Download

  • The Army’s strategic vision calls for transformation to a full-spectrum Objective Force that can project overwhelming military power anywhere in the world on extremely short notice. It must be agile, versatile, and lethal, achieving its objectives through the application of dominant maneuver, precision engagement, focused logistics, information superiority, and highly survivable combat systems.

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  • The Committee to Review DOE’s Vision 21 R&D Program—Phase I wishes to acknowledge and thank the many individuals who contributed significantly of their time and effort to this National Research Council (NRC) study. The presentations at committee meetings provided valuable information and insight on advanced technologies and development initiatives that assisted the committee in formulating the recommendations included in this report.

    pdf108p mnemosyne75 02-02-2013 19 3   Download

  • Water utilities have a long history of planning in preparation for emergencies, particularly natural disasters. But contingency and emergency planning has taken on a new dimension with current concern about potential threats to water system security. The range of crises that have become plausible has expanded, and utilities now are considering more robust security procedures and emergency plans than they have historically had in place. When it comes to ensuring a water system’s security, few utilities, regardless of size or geographic location, can function independently.

    pdf131p mnemosyne75 02-02-2013 20 3   Download

  • American Civil War: Biographies presents biographies of sixty men and women who participated in or were affected by the Civil War. These two volumes profile a diverse mix of personalities from both the North and the South, including military leaders, politicians, abolitionists, artists, spies, and escaped slaves. Detailed biographies of major Civil War figures (such as Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Frederick Douglass, Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson) are included.

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  • In 2007, the National Research Council (NRC) released a report titled Toxicity Testing in the 21st Century: A Vision and a Strategy. That report pro- posed a new paradigm for toxicity testing that envisioned evaluation of biologi- cally significant perturbations in key toxicity pathways by using new methods in molecular biology, bioinformatics, and computational toxicology and a compre- hensive array of in vitro tests based primarily on human biology. The revolution in toxicity testing is under way, and a large influx of new data is anticipated. The U.S.

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  • Parliaments must protect personal information provided by citizens, particularly when it is subject to privacy or data-protection laws. Personal information generally means anything that can be used to personally identify an individual and can include name, address, telephone numbers, e-mail addresses and other personal data, medical information or biographical information that could lead to the dis- closure of an individual’s identity. Where information is being made public it is always good practice to ask permission to disclose it in advance.

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  • Toxicogenomics has been described as a discipline combining ex- pertise in toxicology, genetics, molecular biology, and environmental health to elucidate the response of living organisms to stressful environ- ments. It includes the study of how genomes respond to toxicant expo- sures and how genotype affects responses to toxicant exposures. As the technologies for monitoring these responses rapidly develop, it is critical that scientists and regulators are confident that the technologies are reliable and reproducible and that the data analyses have been validated.

    pdf98p camnhung_1 14-12-2012 14 1   Download

  • J. McCullough was a Scottish author and avid golfer of the late 19th century. His fame rests on two books, Golf in the Year 2000, or, What we are coming to (1892) and Golf: Containing Practical Hints, with Rules of the Game (1899). McCullough wrote his latter book under "J. McCullough" and his earlier one under the pseudonym "J.A.C.K." Sources conflict as to whether his first name was Jack or Jay, and most other biographical information on him is completely lacking.

    pdf62p hotmoingay8 28-01-2013 13 1   Download

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