Biological assets

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  • This strategic lab guide explores the current methodological variety of molecular biology and genomics in a simple manner, addressing the assets and drawbacks as well as critical points. It also provides short and precise summaries of routine procedures as well as listings of the advantages and disadvantages of alternative methods.This lab book illustrates ways out of experimental dead ends and teaches a feeling for doing the right experiment at the right time.

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  • Even before the events of September 11, 2001, threat assessments suggested that the United States should prepare to respond to terrorist attacks inside its borders. This report documents research into the use of military medical assets to support civil authorities in the aftermath of a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or conventional high expl

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  • IAS 2 Inventories was issued by the International Accounting Standards Committee in December 1993. It replaced IAS 2 Valuation and Presentation of Inventories in the Context of the Historical Cost System (originally issued in October 1975). The Standing Interpretations Committee developed SIC-1 Consistency—Different Cost Formulas for Inventories, which was issued in December 1997

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  • Real estate investment trusts (“REITs”) have been around for more than fifty years. Congress established REITs in 1960 to allow individual investors to invest in large-scale, income-producing real estate. REITs provide a way for individual investors to earn a share of the income produced through commercial real estate ownership – without actually having to go out and buy commercial real estate. What is a REIT? A REIT, generally, is a company that owns – and typically operates – income-producing real estate or real estate-related assets.

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  • A public pension fund’s decision to invest in emerging domestic markets is driven first and foremost by its fiduciary duty and overarching mission to achieve competitive financial returns for its pension fund retirees and beneficiaries. Public pension funds, as with any institutional fund, seek to outperform the market. Investments targeted to EDM can both achieve good returns and help overall fund performance by diversifying the pension fund’s portfolio. A well-diversified portfolio is made up of a spectrum of asset classes as a means of spreading risk across classes.

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  • Intangible assets include goodwill arising from acquisitions made after January 1, 1992. Goodwill is amortized using the straight-line method over its estimated economic life, not to exceed forty years. Certain acquired intangible assets other than goodwill (‘in-process R&D') are expensed in the period of acquisition. Patents and trademarks acquired from third parties are capitalized and amortized over their remaining lifetime.

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  • Further, in Canada, asset default factors for preferred shares, where rated, are based on the rating agency grade. For financial leases where rated, and the lease is also secured by the general credit of the lessee, the asset default factor is based on the rating agency grade.

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  • Here’s why: if the fund invested all its assets in 60-day paper, and tomorrow your shareholders wanted to withdraw some of their money, you would be forced to sell 59-day securities in what could be a weak market. To prevent this—and comply with Rule 2a-7—you’ll need to hold at least a 10 percent cash position. To make sure that you’re always in compliance, you’ll stagger the maturities of the holdings in the fund, so that some securities are being paid off every day, providing a steady cash flow. But there’s even more to the maturity decision.

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  • When companies calculate their breakeven points, they often come at it from the perspective of how much revenue they require to cover their expenses: “If we don’t sell $2 million worth of widgets this year, we’ll face a shortfall and we’ll need to downsize.” Similarly, a hedge fund manager may ask: “What level of assets and performance do I need to cover my expenses?” However, the hedge fund business model allows for a different approach.

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  • The crisis has shown that securitization is heavily dependent on markets’ perceptions and could be subject to sudden bouts of illiquidity generated from investors’ concerns. Namely the consequences of the increased participation in bank funding by financial markets’ investors and the large increases in securitized assets, can led to acute liquidity crises.

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  • However, a number of member jurisdictions’ national laws implementing the investment rules of the current Solvency I Directives15 do refer to, or place reliance on, ratings in order to determine whether a certain asset is authorised or eligible to cover technical provisions. Moreover, in a number of member jurisdictions, (re)insurance undertakings are required, as part of their internal reinsurance policy, to pay special attention to the financial strength of their reinsurers, using ratings as a proxy.

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  • The extension of central bank liquidity eased the pace of asset-shedding observed in late 2011, but did not turn the underlying trend. If the banks in the EBA sample, for instance, failed to roll over their senior unsecured debt maturing over a two-year horizon, which amounts to more than €1,100 billion (€600 billion among banks with a capital shortfall), they would have to shed funded assets in equal measure. By covering these funding needs, the LTROs and dollar swap lines helped avert an accelerated deleveraging process.

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  • Omission of minerals is just one of the issues addressed in the construction of environmental accounts. Still, extending the nipa to include minerals is a natural starting point for the project of environmental accounting. These assets— which include notably petroleum, natural gas, coal, and nonfuel minerals—are already part of the market economy and have important links to environmental policy. Indeed, production from these assets is already included in the nation’s gross domestic product (gdp).

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  • The extension of national accounts to cover economic natural assets and their services (incorporated into commodities) is important but cannot deliver a sufficiently complete vision of the interaction of people and nature. For example, an enterprise holding and managing a forest will know and care about trees and timber, but much less about 'non-timber forest values', or forest water regulating functions and micro-climate effects which may be highly important for other sectors of society and for biodiversity.

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  • There are four reasons why earnings are a poor measure of performance compared to changes in shareholder value. First, unlike cash flow, which underpins SVA, accounting earnings are arbitrary and easily manipulated by management. Different, equally acceptable, accounting methods lead to quite different earnings figures. Prominent examples include alternative ways to compute the cost of goods sold (LIFO versus FIFO), different methods of depreciating assets, and the various choices in accounting for mergers and acquisitions.

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  • Many are also concerned that countries will use SWFs to support what one analyst has called “state capitalism,” using government-controlled assets to secure stakes around the world in strategic areas such as telecommunications, energy and mineral resources, and financial services, among other sectors.

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  • Fundamental Indexing™ (“FI”) is one of the most successful new investment products to be launched during the 2000s. In a little over two years it has attracted over $10 billion in portfolio investments. The product has been successful both in its appeal to institutional investors and in its ability to gather assets from retail investors in the burgeoning ETF market place. FI has been a marketing sensation. Moreover the actual performance of the FI portfolio has been excellent.

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  • In Financial Economics, many researchers have studied option prices, because these derivatives contain unique information that is not available from the prices of other financial instruments. A call option gives the buyer the right to purchase in the future a certain asset at a price fixed today. The value of such an option is determined by the distance between the current stock price and the exercise price. When market participants price option contracts in the course of trading, they use forecasts of the probability of different asset prices for the period until the derivative expires.

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  • Institutional investors are, by some margin, the most important category of investor to quoted companies owing to the sheer weight of assets that they manage and the degree to which they can invest. It is widely acknowledged that institutional investors own the vast majority of the UK equity market. In some cases, institutional investors may also own nearly all of a company’s issued share capital.

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  • One of the most influential studies of the pace of evolutionary change was pub- lished in 1971 by two young paleontologists at the American Museum of Natural History named Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould. They pointed out that the fossils of a typical species showed few signs of change during its lifetime. New species branching off from old ones had small but distinctive differences. Eldredge carefully documented this stasis in trilobites, an extinct lineage of armored arthropods. He counted the rows of columns in the eyes of each sub- species.

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