Biological material

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  • This book contains a wealth of useful information on current research on viscoelasticity. By covering a broad variety of rheology, non-Newtonian fluid mechanics and viscoelasticity-related topics, this book is addressed to a wide spectrum of academic and applied researchers and scientists but it could also prove useful to industry specialists. The subject areas include, theory, simulations, biological materials and food products among others.

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  • Introduction to molecular biology…(…in one hour!!) Stephen Edwards Overview. Overview of the cell Different sizes/functions Organised structure Bacterial genetics are different Eukaryotic cell DNA ontained in the nucleus Arranged in 22.

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  • This textbook is intended for use in a one- or two-semester undergraduate course in materials science that is primarily populated by chemical and materials engineering students. This is not to say that biomedical, mechanical, electrical, or civil engineering students will not be able to utilize this text, nor that the material or its presentation is unsuitable for these students.

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  • The World is confronted with a plethora of potentially disruptive technologies – some, such as nanotechnology, will inevitably challenge our cherished social, economic and industrial stability over the next two decades. Rational design and manufacture of materials properties through nanostructure control will profoundly affect the food we eat, the sources of water and power we use, our health services, our national security, housing, transportation, etc. Precisely what will be the ultimate effect of these disruptions is still unclear.

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  • Fish are aquatic vertebrates with fins for appendages. They "breathe" by means of gills. Fish make up the largest of the vertebrate groups with over 20,000 species. They can be found in a great variety of lakes, streams, oceans and estuaries. Fish are divided into two groups based on the composition of their skeletons. The sharks, skates and rays are cartilaginous fish. Their skeletons are made of cartilage, the same flexible material in your ear lobes and nose. The majority of fish have skeletons made of bone and are called bony fish....

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  • Clear and concise, this easy-to-use text offers an introductory course on the language of gene cloning, covering microbial, plant, and animal systems. The essential concepts in biology relevant to the understanding of gene cloning are presented in a well-organized and accessible manner. This updated version of the first edition is an invaluable book for nonscientists as well as scientists with little background knowledge in gene cloning, providing a wealth of information for anyone wishing to gain proficiency in reading and speaking the language of gene cloning....

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  • The most important trend in biological engineering is the dynamic range of scales at which biotechnology is now able to integrate with biological processes. An explosion in micro/nanoscale technology is allowing the manufacture of nanoparticles for drug delivery into cells, miniaturized implantable microsensors for medical diagnostics, and micro-engineered robots for on-board tissue repairs. This book aims to provide an upto- date overview of the recent developments in biological engineering from diverse aspects and various applications in clinical and experimental research....

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  • enzymes are powerful biological catalysts that are essential for the proper maintenance and propagation of any organism. these properties make them excellent candidates as therapeutic targets to combat diseases of either genetic or pathogenic origin. in this regard, one goal of molecular medicine is to develop and implement effective agents that can modulate the activity of various enzymes involved in essential biological pathways. the process of developing and characterizing these small molecules, i.e., rational drug design, often requires a priori knowledge of the enzyme in question....

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  • A biosensor is a detecting device that combines a transducer with a biologically sensitive and selective component. Biosensors can measure compounds present in the environment, chemical processes, food and human body at low cost if compared with traditional analytical techniques. This book covers a wide range of aspects and issues related to biosensor technology, bringing together researchers from 19 different countries.

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  • Biomimetics is the science of emulating nature’s design. In nature, living organisms synthesize mineralized tissues and this process of biomineralization is under strict biological control. It involves the interactions of several biological macromolecules among themselves and with the mineral components. Generally, natures design principles are based on a “Bott om-Up” strategy. Such processes lead to the formation of hierarchically structured organic-inorganic composites with mechanical properties optimized for a given function.

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  • Since the First International Congress on Liquid Crystals (Lcs), held at Kent State University, OH, USA, in 1965, the implications of these systems associated with various aspects of telecommunications, laser, display, automobile, aerospace technologies, thermo-optics, medicine and biology have been the subject of considerable debate among researchers, scientists and engineers. Indeed, LCs, being a unique mesomorphic phase of matter, combine properties of both solids (long-range orientation order, manifestations of Bragg diffraction, etc.) and liquids (fluidity, viscosity, etc.).

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  • from the Latin cella, meaning storeroom or chamber. It was first used in biology in 1665 by the English botanist Robert Hooke to describe the individual units of the honeycomb-like structure he observed in cork under a compound microscope. The “cells” Hooke observed were actually the empty lumens of dead cells surrounded by cell walls, but the term is an apt one because cells are the basic building blocks that define plant structure. This book will emphasize the physi

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  • Learning how to compose an effective extended text, therefore, should be conceived as a task similar to acquiring expertise in related culturally acquired domains. It is not merely an extension of our apparent biological predisposition to acquire spoken language. Rather, it is more similar to learning how to type - which is in fact one aspect of composition, as a common means of motor output. Or, it is similar to learning how to play chess - which is another planning intensive task similar to composition in its demands on thinking and memory. Or, it is similar to learning...

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  • The pharmaceutical industry manufactures biological products, medicinal chemicals, botanical products, and the pharmaceutical products covered by Standard Industrial Classification Code Numbers 2831, 2833, and 2834, as well as other commodities. The industry is characterized by a diversity of products, processes, plant sizes, as well as wastewater quantity and quality. In fact, the pharmaceutical industry represents a range of industries with operations and processes as diverse as its products.

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  • Normally, any ferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic material undergoes a transition to a paramagnetic state above its Curie temperature. Superparamagnetism is different from this standard transition since it occurs below the Curie temperature of the material. Superparamagnetism occurs in nanoparticles which are single domain. This is possible when their diameter is below 3–50 nm, depending on the materials.

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  • In this Unit, you will discover What molecules make up cells How the cell membrane separates cells from their external environment but allows substances into and out of the cell What special functions cell structures have and how these contribute to keeping an organism alive What processes in cells capture and release the energy needed for survival and how we harness these processes Cellular Functions It has been said that we are made of the stuff of stars. What do you think this means? The pine wood cells pictured on the right and all other organisms on Earth are made mostly of only...

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  • Petroleum-based industrial products have gradually replaced products derived from biological materials. However, biologically based products are making a comeback--because of a threefold increase in farm productivity and new technologies. Biobased Industrial Products envisions a biobased industrial future, where starch will be used to make biopolymers and vegetable oils will become a routine component in lubricants and detergents.

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  • Chapter 2 - The molecular nature of genes. Before we begin to study in detail the structure and activities of genes, and the experimental evidence underlying those concepts, we need a fuller outline of the adventure that lies before us. Thus, in this chapter and in chapter 3, we will fl esh out the brief history of molecular biology presented in chapter 1. In this chapter we will begin this task by considering the behavior of genes as molecules.

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  • This chapter describe how proton pumps function in transport of materials across membranes; define the following terms: osmosis, water potential, flaccid, turgor pressure, turgid; explain how aquaporins affect the rate of water transport across membranes; describe three routes available for short-distance transport in plants;...

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  • VOl. 1 CALPHAD by N. Saunders and A. P. Miodownik VOl. 2 Non-Equilibrium Processing of Materials edited by C. Suryanarayana VOl. 3 Wettability at High Temperatures by N. Eustathopoulos, M. G . Nicholas and B. Drevet VOl. 4 Structural Biological Materials edited by M. Elices VOl. 5 The Coming of Materials Science by R. W. Cahn Vol. 6 Multinuclear Solid State NMR of Inorganic Materials by K. J. D. Mackenzie and M. E. Smith Vol. 7 Underneath the Bragg Peaks: Structural Analysis of Complex Materials by T. Egami and S . L. J. Billinge Vol. 8 Thermally Activated Mechanisms in...

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