During the past two decades, reductionist biological science has generated new
empirical data on the molecular foundations of biological structure and function
at an accelerating rate. The list of organisms whose complete genomes have been
sequenced is growing by the week. Annotations of these sequences are becoming
more comprehensive, and databases of protein structure are growing at impressive,
indeed formerly unimaginable rates.
Soil fertility is critical for the provision of adequate food, fiber and renewable natural
resources(fuel,wood etc.). In the developing world soil fertility is linked to economic well
being of many farm families. Poor soils means poor harvest leading to low returns for the
over 60% of the population of developing countries relying on agriculture for survival.Use
of inorganic and organic fertilizers in addition to biological processes to improve the fertility
of the soil requires good understanding of their practical use and management.
This issue of the journal reports some selected contributions from the workshops
BioConcur 2004 chaired by Anna Ingolfsdottir and Hanne Riis Nielson and
BioConcur 2005 chaired by Bud Mishra and Corrado Priami.
There are three contributions from BioConcur 2004. The ﬁrst one is by
Calder, Gilmore and Hillston on the modelling of signalling pathways using the
stochastic process algebra PEPA. The second contribution is by Kuttler and
Niehren on gene regulation in π-calculus.
Matrix metalloprotease-2 is implicated in many biological processes and
degrades extracellular and non-extracellular matrix molecules. Matrix
metalloprotease-2 maintains a latent state through a cysteine–zinc ion
pairing which, when disrupted, results in full enzyme activation. This
pairing can be disrupted by a conformational change or cleavage within
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Gene-expression patterns reveal underlying biological processes in Kawasaki disease...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Minireview cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: GOTax: investigating biological processes and biochemical activities along the taxonomic tree...
Evidence has accumulated that amino acids play an important role in con-trolling gene expression. Nevertheless, two components of the amino acid
control of gene expression are not yet completely understood in mammals:
(a) the target genes and biological processes regulated by amino acid avail-ability, and (b) the signaling pathways that mediate the amino acid
năng lượng. favors. thiện ý, chiếu cố. engineering. kỹ thuật. feather. lông vũ ... thuyết hưu cơ. natural process. tiến trình tự nhiên.neuron : tế bào thần kinh, neuron; nitrogen base: chất kiểm có nhóm nitrogen; osmosis * sự thẩm lọc; parent: Cha mẹ, nguồn gốc; particle: phần tử; path way: đường nhỏ, đường mòn; rare: hiếm; reaction; phản ứng; reagent: chất phản ứng, thuốc thử; random: một cách bất kỳ....
Generally, a process is defined as a sequence of events that transforms the biological
materials of food products, via biochemical changes, into stable forms with added
value. This can create new products or modify existing ones. Process design refers to
the design of food processes and manufacturing methods, while plant design refers to
the design of the whole processing plant. The processing of food is no longer as simple
or straightforward as in the past. Food process design is an interdisciplinary science
that is highly regarded by the food industry.
Process control is an application area of chemical engineering - an identifiable specialty for the ChE. It combines chemical process knowledge (how physics, chemistry, and biology work in operating equipment) and an understanding of dynamic systems, a topic important to many fields of engineering. Thus study of process control allows chemical engineers to span their own field, as well as form a useful acquaintance with allied fields. Practitioners of process control find their skills useful in design, operation, and troubleshooting - major categories of chemical engineering practice....
This book brings together many authoritative scientific and technological papers
which demonstrate the way in which systematic studies can help decision-makers
understand the linkages between land- and water-use practices and their impacts on
coral reef processes and structure.
Biofuels Engineering Process Technology has many contents: Harvesting Energy from Biochemical Reactions, Microbial Modeling of Biofuel Production, Biofuel Feedstocks, Ethanol Production, Biodiesel, Biological Production of Hydrogen, Microbial Fuel Cells.
The most important trend in biological engineering is the dynamic range of scales at
which biotechnology is now able to integrate with biological processes. An explosion
in micro/nanoscale technology is allowing the manufacture of nanoparticles for drug
delivery into cells, miniaturized implantable microsensors for medical diagnostics, and
micro-engineered robots for on-board tissue repairs. This book aims to provide an upto-
date overview of the recent developments in biological engineering from diverse
aspects and various applications in clinical and experimental research....
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 67. Applications of Stem Cell Biology in Clinical Medicine
Applications of Stem Cell Biology in Clinical Medicine: Introduction Organ damage and the resultant inflammatory responses initiate a series of repair processes, including stem cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation, often in combination with angiogenesis and remodeling of the extracellular matrix. Endogenous stem cells in tissues such as liver and skin have a remarkable ability to regenerate the organs, whereas heart and brain have a much more limited capability for self-repair.
The biological sciences have become more quantitative and information-driven
since emerging computational and mathematical tools facilitate collection and
analysis of vast amounts of biological data. Complexity analysis of biological
systems provides biological knowledge for the organization, management, and
mining of biological data by using advanced computational tools. The biological
data are inherently complex, nonuniform, and collected at multiple temporal and
This book covers some of the most important current research related to biological
engineering. It is partly a textbook and partly a monograph. It is a textbook because it
gives a detailed introduction to biological engineering techniques and applications. It
is simultaneously a monograph because it presents and brings together several new
results, concepts and further developments. Furthermore, the research results
previously scattered throughout many scientific journals and conference papers
worldwide, are methodically collected and presented in the book in a unified form....
The art of compliance is a craft much like that of a carpenter who learns to
work with various kinds of wood and designs. Ours is an industry wrought
with differences. While the regulations that govern FDA-regulated industries
are proscribed, how the regulations are interpreted and applied really
depends on experience and how well one has mastered the craft of compliance.
There are no proscribed procedures, but there are guideposts common
to all FDA-regulated industries, whether a firm manufactures medical
devices, pharmaceuticals, or biological products....
Diabetes Mellitus The success of islet cell and pancreas transplantation provides proof of concept for a cell-based approach for type I diabetes. However, the demand for donor pancreata far exceeds the number available, and maintenance of long-term graft survival remains a problem. The search for a renewable source of stem cells capable of regenerating pancreatic islets has therefore been intensive.
Pancreatic βcell turnover occurs in the normal pancreas, although the source of the new βcells is controversial.
Biological signal analysis1 encompasses several interdisciplinary topics that deal with analysing
signals generated by various physiological processes in the human body. These signals could be
electrical, chemical or acoustic in origin and an analysis of these signals are often useful in
explaining and/or identifying pathological conditions of the human body. However, these signals in
their rawest form do not provide much information and therefore, the motivation behind biological
signal analysis is to extract (i.e. to reveal) the relevant information.