Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy. Biology is a vast subject containing many subdivisions, topics, and disciplines.
The success of the first volume of The Biology of Sea Turtles revealed a need for
broad but comprehensive reviews of recent major advances in sea turtle biology. At
that time, book size constraints as well as the fast-paced changes in some fields
dictated that this need could be only partially addressed in a single volume. Many
important topics were not covered and were left for future volumes. Volume II
emphasizes practical aspects of biology that relate to sea turtle management and
changes in marine and coastal ecosystems....
Biological signal analysis1 encompasses several interdisciplinary topics that deal with analysing
signals generated by various physiological processes in the human body. These signals could be
electrical, chemical or acoustic in origin and an analysis of these signals are often useful in
explaining and/or identifying pathological conditions of the human body. However, these signals in
their rawest form do not provide much information and therefore, the motivation behind biological
signal analysis is to extract (i.e. to reveal) the relevant information.
The science of vascular biology has emerged and expanded rapidly over the past 25
years. Research in this area has increased understanding of a wide range of clinical
conditions. This book provides a broad overview of the Weld for both specialist
and newcomer to the Weld, and concise resource for the non-specialist. The
multidisciplinary team of contributors covers topics ranging from normal and
pathological aspects of endothelial cell function to the role of the vasculature in
pregnancy, hypertension and atherosclerosis....
The forty-fifth volume of this series contains eight reviews written by an international array of
authors; as usual, the reviews range widely in subject and taxonomic and geographic coverage.
The editors welcome suggestions from potential authors for topics they consider could form the
basis of future appropriate contributions. Because an annual publication schedule necessarily places
constraints on the timetable for submission, evaluation and acceptance of manuscripts, potential
contributors are advised to make contact with the editors at an early stage of preparation.
The 42nd volume of this series contains eight reviews written by an international array of authors
that, as usual, range widely in subject and taxonomic and geographic coverage. The majority of
articles were solicited, but the editors always welcome suggestions from potential authors for topics
they consider could form the basis of appropriate contributions.
This book is a practical introduction to scientific computing and offers
BPSIC subroutines, suitable for use on a perscnal complter, for solving a
number of important problems in the areas of chmistry, biology and
pharmacology. Althcugh our text is advanced in its category, we assume only
that you have the normal mathmatical preparation associated with an
undergraduate degree in science, and that you have some familiarity with the
S I C programing language.
From microorganisms to whales, from single cells to complex organisms,
from plants to animals to fungi, from body plans to behavior, the diversity
of life is amazing. Living organisms have a profound impact on our
physical world of ocean, landscape, and climate; around us is a multitude
of diverse ecosystems that provide a livable environment and many valuable
resources. The study of life—biology—is a multifaceted endeavor that uses
observation, exploration, and experiments to gather information and test
hypotheses about topics ranging from climate change to stem cells.
Current Progress in Biological Research presents new insights into key topics from different areas of the biological sciences. Some of the topics covered in the book are antibiotic susceptibility, genomic rearrangement, historical biogeography, biogeographic patterns, endemism and the use of microorganisms for pest control. The book is an interesting collection of 16 original research articles written by respected experts in their fields. It is hoped that readers will be stimulated and challenged by the contents of this book....
This book contains a wealth of useful information on current research on viscoelasticity. By covering a broad variety of rheology, non-Newtonian fluid mechanics and viscoelasticity-related topics, this book is addressed to a wide spectrum of academic and applied researchers and scientists but it could also prove useful to industry specialists. The subject areas include, theory, simulations, biological materials and food products among others.
Systems biology has received an ever increasing interest during the last
decade. A large amount of third-party funding is spent on this topic, which
involves quantitative experimentation integrated with computational
modeling. Industrial companies are also starting to use this approach more
and more often, especially in pharmaceutical research and biotechnology.
Many Modern Ecological problems such as rain forest destruction, decreasing marine harvests, and fire suppression are directly or indirectly anthropogenic. Zooarchaeology and Conservation Biology presents an argument that conservation biology and wildlife management cannot afford to ignore zooarchaeological research--the identification and analysis of faunal remains recovered from archaeological deposits. The editors contend that we can learn important lessons by studying long-term human and nonhuman influences on biota and ecosystems.
Lecture Biology - Chapter 17: Genome sequencing, molecular biology, and medicine. The topics discussed in this chapter are: How do defective proteins lead to diseases? What kinds of DNA changes lead to diseases? How does genetic screening detect diseases? What is cancer? How are genetic diseases treated? What have we learned from the human genome project?
Though health experts may disagree on some aspects of nutrition,
most agree on one important topic: dietary ﬁ bre. The general view is
that we need to eat more of it, and by doing so we may prevent or
possibly reverse many degenerative diseases.
In most western countries national nutrition committees recom-
mend an adult intakes of 25-35 g/day of dietary ﬁ bres. The recom-
mendation may be expressed in different ways, but generally it means
an increase in ﬁ bre intake compared to the present situation (Cum-
mings and Frolich 1993).
In the Nordic countries the recommended...
Besides splicing, eukaryotic cells perform several other kinds of processing on their RNAs. Messenger RNAs are subject to two kinds of processing, known as capping and polyadenylation. In capping, a special blocking nucleotide (a cap) is added to the 59-end of a pre-mRNA. In polyadenylation, a string of AMPs (poly[A]) is added to the 39-end of the pre-mRNA. These steps are essential for the proper function of mRNAs and will be topics in this chapter.
This chapter describes the structure of the water molecule and explores the many ways that polar covalent bonds and hydrogen bonds among water molecules affect organisms and their interactions with their environments. In addition, this chapter discusses topics including concentrations of solutions, hydrogen ion concentration (pH), and buffer solutions.
Chapter 15 - RNA Processing II: Capping and Polyadenylation. Besides splicing, eukaryotic cells perform several other kinds of processing on their RNAs. Messenger RNAs are subject to two kinds of processing, known as capping and polyadenylation. In capping, a special blocking nucleotide (a cap) is added to the 59-end of a pre-mRNA. In polyadenylation, a string of AMPs (poly[A]) is added to the 39-end of the pre-mRNA. These steps are essential for the proper function of mRNAs and will be topics in this chapter.
Lecture Biology - Chapter 7: Pathways that harvest chemical energy. The topics discussed in this chapter are: How does glucose oxidation release chemical energy? What are the aerobic pathways of glucose metabolism? How is energy harvested from glucose in the absence of oxygen? How does the oxidation of glucose form ATP? Why does cellular respiration yield so much more energy than fermentation? How are metabolic pathways interrelated and controlled?
Chapter 12 - From DNA to protein: genotype to phenotype. The topics discussed in this chapter are: What Is the evidence that genes code for proteins? How does information flow from genes to proteins? How is the information content in dna transcribed to produce RNA? How is RNA translated into proteins? What happens to polypeptides after translation? What happens to polypeptides after translation?