Biomass energy

Xem 1-20 trên 63 kết quả Biomass energy
  • Nam Dinh. is a big agricultural province in Red River delta of North Vietnam, where were planted three main agricultural products: rice, corn, peanut. By case-study investigation and energy analysis, the report put out detail information on biomass energy of rice straw, rice husk, com straw, corn core, peanut straw and total biomass energy from agricultural wastes in Nam Dinh province. According to investigation data, yearly the total agricultural wastes in Nam Dinh province is more than 1l million tons.

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  • With shortages of fossil energy and heavy biomass energy use occurring in both developed and developing countries, a major focus has developed worldwide on renewable energy systems. Currently, a heavy focus is on biofuels made from crops, crop residues and wood. Though it may seem beneficial to use renewable plant materials for biofuel, their use raises many concerns about major environmental problems, including food shortages and serious destruction of vital soil resources.

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  • This paper summarizes the presentations and discussion at the Energy Options for the Future meeting held at the Naval Research Laboratory in March of 2004. The presentations covered the present status and future potential for coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass energy sources and the effect of measures for energy conservation. The longevity of current major energy sources, means for resolving or mitigating environmental issues, and the role to be played by yet to be deployed sources, like fusion, were major topics of presentation and discussion....

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  • This report provides a summary of some of the existing knowledge and literature related to the production of woody biomass from bioenergy with a particular focus on the economic perspective. The most commonly discussed woody biomass feedstocks are described along with results of existing economic modeling studies related to the provision of biomass from short rotation woody crops, harvest residues, and hazardous fuel reduction efforts. Additionally, the existing social science literature is used to highlight some challenges to widespread production of biomass energy.

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  • Introduction: Today, the energy supply is primarily based on the combustion of fossil fuels. Electricity generation is the main driver for carbon dioxide emissions in stationary applications, whereas vehicles powered by internal combustion engines are a major source of distributed carbon dioxide emissions. The generation of electricity from renewable energy sources such as solar power, wind power, tidal power, or the use of biomass is reducing the burden from carbon dioxide emissions.

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  • Overall structure of electrical power system is in the process of changing. For incremental growth, it is moving away from fossil fuels - major source of energy in the world today - to renewable energy resources that are more environmentally friendly and sustainable [1].

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  • The fossil fuels that are principally used to provide energy today are in limited quantity, they are diminishing at an alarming rate, and their worldwide supplies will eventually be exhausted. Fossil fuels provide approximately 60 percent of the world’s global electric power. Carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere will continue to rise unless other cleaner sources of energy are explored. Biomass has the potential to become one of the major global primary energy source in the years to come.

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  • Renewable Energy is energy generated from natural resources - such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides and geothermal heat - which are naturally replenished. In 2008, about 18% of global final energy consumption came from renewables, with 13% coming from traditional biomass, such as wood burning. Hydroelectricity was the next largest renewable source, providing 3% (15% of global electricity generation), followed by solar hot water/heating, which contributed with 1.3%. Modern technologies, such as geothermal energy, wind power, solar power, and ocean energy together provided some 0.

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  • Wind energy is one of the most prominent renewable energy sources today. The increasing concerns with environmental issues are driving the search for more sustainable electrical sources. Wind energy along with solar energy, biomass and wave energy are possible solutions for environmentally friendly energy production. The initialization of wind power installation, which started in the beginning of 1980s, is very much related to the oil crises of the mid 1970s.

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  • Due to demands placed on natural resources globally and subsequent deterioration of the environment, there is a need to source and develop appropriate technology to satisfy this requirement. For decades mankind has largely depended on natural resources such as fossil fuels to meet the ever increasing energy demands. Realizing the finite nature of these resources, emphasis is now shifting to investigating alternate energy source governed by environmentally friendly principles.

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  • This two-volume book on biomass is a reflection of the increase in biomass related research and applications, driven by overall higher interest in sustainable energy and food sources, by increased awareness of potentials and pitfalls of using biomass for energy, by the concerns for food supply and by multitude of potential biomass uses as a source material in organic chemistry, bringing in the concept of bio-refinery. It reflects the trend in broadening of biomass related research and an increased focus on second-generation bio-fuels.

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  • Generally, biomass is used for all materials originating from photosynthesis. In other words, biomass includes all plant growth, herbaceous plants, microalgae, macroalgae and aquatic plants. But biomass can equally apply to animal as well. In fact, biomass is carbon based and is composed of a mixture of organic molecules containing hydrogen, usually including atoms of oxygen, often nitrogen and also small quantities of other atoms, including alkali, alkaline earth and heavy metals.

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  • In order to secure the energy supply to an increasing population and at the same time limit the damage to Earth, i.e. avoiding a fatal climate change as a result of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases (primarily CO2), immediate action is necessary. This includes reducing the energy consumption, increasing the energy conversion efficiency, and using renewable energies. The transport sector is the one most dependent on fossil energy and it stands for a significant part of the energy consumption in the world.

    pdf103p phinzin1 30-07-2013 41 8   Download

  • Due to demands placed on natural resources globally and subsequent deterioration of the environment, there is a need to source and develop appropriate technology to satisfy this requirement. For decades mankind has largely depended on natural resources such fossil fuels to meet the ever increasing energy demands. Realising the fi nite nature of these resources, emphasis is now shifting to investigating alternate energy source governed by environmentally friendly principles.

    pdf0p 123859674 04-07-2012 15 2   Download

  • Renewable energy is shifting from the fringe to the mainstream of sustainable development. Past donor efforts achieved modest results but often were not sustained or replicated, which leads now to greater market orientation. Markets for rural household lighting with solar home systems, biogas, and small hydro power have expanded through rural entrepreneurship, government programs, and donor assistance, serving millions of households. Applications in agriculture, small industry, and social services are emerging. Public programs resulted in 220 million improved biomass cook stoves.

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  • Anaerobic digestion is a process by which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. Anaerobic digestion can be used to treat various organic wastes and recover bio-energy in the form of biogas, which consists mainly of CH4 and CO2. A great option for improving yields of anaerobic digestion of solid wastes is the co-digestion of multiple substrates.

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  • Solar energy, light and heat radiation from the Sun, has been exploited by humans since ancient times using a variety of technology development than ever before. Solar radiation along with secondary resources of energy like wind and solar energy, water power and biomass, make the most of renewable energy available on earth. Only a tiny fraction of the available solar energy is used.

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  • Năng lượng thay thế ( Alternative energy ) là năng lượng thu được từ những nguồn ngoài 3 dạng Nhiên liệu hóa thạch ( Fossil Fuel ): Than đá ( coal ), Dầu mỏ ( oil ) và Khí tự nhiên ( Natural gas ). Những nguồn năng lượng thay thế này bao gồm: Năng lượng hạt nhân ( Nuclear power ), Năng lượng mặt trời ( Solar power ), Năng lượng gió ( Wind power ),Năng lượng địa nhiệt ( Geothermal energy ), Năng lượng sinh khối ( Biomass energy ), Năng lượng nước ( Hydropower ) và một...

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  • With the depletion of oil resources as well as the negative environmental impact of fossil fuels, there is much interest in alternative energy sources. Focusing on some of the most important alternate energy sources for the foreseeable future, the Handbook of Plant-Based Biofuels provides state-of-the-art information on the status of the production of biofuels, in particular, bioethanol and biodiesel. After profiling plant-based biofuels, the book gives an overview of the production of biofuels from biomass materials by thermochemical and biochemical methods.

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  • In electrical power generation system the present trend is to maximize the renewable energy penetration ratio as much as possible. Among the renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, biogas/biomass, tidal, geothermal, etc., wind energy has the huge potential to play an important role in energy market along with conventional energy sources. Therefore, reasonably the research on wind power is progressing rapidly.

    pdf0p 123859674 04-07-2012 80 28   Download

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