Scientists who dedicate their research activity to biomaterials pass through the typical
dichotomy that often characterizes the basic research.
On one side is the wish of exploring new frontiers of chemistry, physics, biology,
medicine, pharmaceutics and all other disciplines to which biomaterials can be
applied. Constantly improving of scientific knowledge would feed the freedom of
attempting new strategies for producing materials with always tailored and improved
Since their first introduction, metallic biomaterials have always been designed to
be corrosion resistant. For decades, this paradigm has become the mainframe of
the biomaterials world. It has been cited in thousands of scientific papers and
taught in hundreds of courses of materials for biomedical devices. It has also been
followed by industries in developing millions of medical devices until today.
Nowadays, with the advent of tissue engineering, biomaterials are envisaged to
actively interact with the body.
Two major approaches to cryopreservation are known, i.e., conventional freeze-thaw
procedures and vitrification, which is defined as a glass-like solidification (Karlsson &
Toner, 1996). While freeze-thaw procedures minimize the probability of intracellular ice
formation, vitrification attempts to prevent ice formation throughout the entire sample
during the cooling and warming process (Kuleshova et al., 2007). Recently, the potential of
vitrification has been tested for tissue-engineered constructs.
Biosystems and Biomaterials Division. The primary objective is to collaborate with or conduct
research consistent with division projects in standards, measurement methods, and theoretical
models that improve understanding and prediction of complex biological processes associated with
environmental health, human health, and cell-based manufacturing.