Xem 1-20 trên 22 kết quả Biomedical cancer
  • The use of non-biomedical therapeutics and the management of cancer are high profile issues in health internationally. They both generate, in their own right, considerable debate amongst academics, practitioners and the wider public. Increasingly, as non-biomedical approaches have become more and more a feature of the range of therapeutic options available to cancer patients, the two have become inextricably linked. This book is concerned with that increasingly evident combination.

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  • Bioinformatics is at a crossroads. We work in a field that is changing every day, increasingly moving from specific solutions created by single researchers working alone or in small groups to larger, often geographically dispersed programs enabled by collaborative computing and open software. This book represents an important development, giving the reader an opportunity to discover how the use of open and reusable Java code can solve large bioinformatics problems in a software engineered and robust way.

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  • In this book, we present the state of the art of nanotechnology research intended for applications in biomedical technologies in three subfields: nanodrugs and drug delivery inside the body; prostheses and implants; and diagnostics and screening technologies for laboratory use. For each of these three subfields, we explore the relevant developments in research. Nanoparticles such as nanotubes and quantum dots are increasingly applied as drug delivery vehicles.

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  • Many cancer patients are diagnosed at a stage in which the cancer is too far advanced to be cured, and most cancer treatments are effective in only a minority of patients undergoing therapy. Thus, there is tremendous opportunity to improve the outcome for people with cancer by enhancing detection and treatment approaches. Biomarkers will be instrumental in making that transition.

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  • Historically, most cancer research has been conducted through small independent projects initiated by individual investigators with relatively small research groups. Such research is driven by focused hypotheses addressing specific biological questions. There will always be a need for this traditional approach to research; in recent years, however, it has also become more feasible to undertake projects on a broader and larger scale, thereby developing extensive pools of data and research tools that can facilitate those more conventional efforts....

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  • With Ministries of Health taking the lead, it is important for cervical cancer programmes to engage all levels of the health system while involving all non-health and private sector stakeholders as much as possible. This should take into consideration current health system structures, human resource capacity, funding mechanisms, health information systems, and access to health services. Decision-making at all levels should be evidence-based.

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  • Cancer care today often provides state-of-the-science biomedical treatment, but fails to address the psychological and social (psychosocial) problems associated with the illness. This failure can compromise the effectiveness of health care and thereby adversely affect the health of cancer patients.

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  • Optical devices in communication and computation have a significant impact on our daily life, although we may not even be aware of their existence, as in case of inter-continent fiber cables that connect people around the world, making it a global village. Novel nanoscale structures have demonstrated a wide range of unique features; therefore have became a hot research topic. Not only that the novel structural materials are used in biomedical therapy, but also the nature inspires the design of innovative optical structures....

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  • This volume is the first book-length survey of caveolae and lipid rafts. Interest has developed rapidly in the role of these surface microdomains in such diverse fields as transmembrane signaling, cell locomotion, vascular relaxation, senescence, and the uptake and exit from cells of viruses and bacteria. Individual chapters in this volume cover areas as diverse as the forces that induce and maintain membrane invaginations, and the clinical relevance of multiprotein complexes at the cell surface, defects in which are associated with cancer, and Alzheimer’s and prion-dependent diseases....

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  • Current clinical technologies, especially donor transplants and artificial organs, have been excellent life-saving and life-extending therapies to treat patients who need to reconstitute diseased or devastated organs or tissues as a result of an accident, trauma, and cancer, or to correct congenital structural anomalies. For long, most scientists and clinicians believed that damaged or lost tissues could only be replaced by organ transplantation or with totally artificial parts.

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  • Veterinary medicine is advancing at a very rapid pace, particularly given the breadth of the discipline. This book examines new developments covering a wide range of issues from health and welfare in livestock, pets, and wild animals to public health supervision and biomedical research. As well as containing reviews offering fresh insight into specific issues, this book includes a selection of scientific articles which help to chart the advance of this science. The book is divided into several sections.

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  • Work on Deisboeck and Kresh's Complex Systems Science in BioMedicine started years ago. In fact, thoughts and ideas leading up to this textbook date back to our first conversation, sometime in the fall of 1996. We quickly found common ground, and talked about emergence and self-organization and their relevance for medicine. We were both fascinated by the idea of complexity and marveled about its tremendous possibilities for cancer research, which was then and still is Tom's main scientific interest. Much has happened in science and technology since we first discussed our vision.

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  • Demographic and epidemiological transitions and changes in lifestyle are leading to the emergence of cancer and other chronic diseases as public health problems in India. Cancer pattern in India reveals the predominance of tobacco related cancers, which are amenable to primary prevention. Cancer Registries in different parts of the country reveal that majority of cancer cases present in an advanced stage and makes treatment options prolonged and expensive.

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  • The lives of humans and animals have been intertwined since the beginning of civilization. Early humans learned to raise animals for food as well as to live alongside them as companions. Humans and animals develop strong interactions and lasting bonds to their mutual benefit. It is because of our close ties with animals that many people have mixed feelings about the use of animals in biomedical research—even scientists. In an ideal world, scientists would never need to use animals as research subjects.

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  • The human genome is largely made of complex sequences evolved over time due to replication,mutations and insertion of foreign DNA. Based on the nucleotide distribution and functional significance, the genome has been categorized into different block of sequences, namely genes or coding and non-coding regions. A special type of sequence located near genes, in relation to spread of DNA methylation and dinucleotide frequencies are the CpG islands1.

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  • For many years, women were not systematically included in biomedical research and clinical trials, in part because of concern that if women became pregnant during the course of the study, the fetus might be harmed. Unfortunately, though, the policy meant that researchers simply did not know certain facts about women’s health.

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  • Within SPH, students pursue their education with an extraordinarily interdisciplinary range of faculty, including biomedical scientists, medical care professionals, behavioral and social scientists (e.g., economics, sociology, politics), epidemiologists, biostatisticians, information scientists, lawyers, health service researchers and health educators, among others. As a result, SPH are well-positioned to be university leaders in collaborations with other schools, organizations and within the communities they serve.

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  • The Cancer Handbook is a major new reference work that provides a comprehensive overview of cancer, biology and medicine. All aspects of scientific and clinical information in cancer research and medicine are explored in this expansive resource for a wide audience including medical and life science students, as well as researchers, scientists and clinicians in the cancer field and related biomedical areas.

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  • Since it was not considered feasible or cost-effective to offer treatment at every facility offering screening, women were referred to the district hospital for further management after a positive screening test. Although many experts consider it to be safe and appropriate to provide treatment simply on the basis of VIA or VILI, 11,12,13 even though the tests identify some women as being at risk when they do not actually have a lesion that needs treatment, the WKCCPP project was designed to test the value of triage using tests likely to be feasible for district hospitals. ...

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  • The diagnosis of breast cancer, the most common type of cancer amongAmerican women, elicits greater distress than any other diagnosis, regardless of prognosis (National Cancer Institute [NCI], 1997; Stechlin & Beach, 1966; Vinokur, Threatt, Caplan, & Zimmerman, 1989). The aim of this article is to shed more light on the relationship between quality of life and aspects of the psychosocial experience for women with breast cancer.

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