Biomedical nanotechnology

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  • Tham khảo sách 'biomems and biomedical nanotechnology - volume ii micro/nano technology for genomics and proteomics', giáo dục - đào tạo, cao đẳng - đại học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • In this book, we present the state of the art of nanotechnology research intended for applications in biomedical technologies in three subfields: nanodrugs and drug delivery inside the body; prostheses and implants; and diagnostics and screening technologies for laboratory use. For each of these three subfields, we explore the relevant developments in research. Nanoparticles such as nanotubes and quantum dots are increasingly applied as drug delivery vehicles.

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  • Less than twenty years ago photolithography and medicine were total strangers to one another. They had not yet met, and not even looking each other up in the classifieds. And then, nucleic acid chips, microfluidics and microarrays entered the scene, and rapidly these strangers became indispensable partners in biomedicine. As recently as ten years ago the notion of applying nanotechnology to the fight against disease was dominantly the province of the fiction writers.

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  • It is not so far from now, although it is just the end of the XX century, the time when we discussed outlooks of the use of biotechnologies in medicine and pharmacy. These hopes were connected mainly with new microbiological products and new materials (polymers) for pharmaceutics, biomedicine and organ transplantation. Now in the XXI century, we are much more enthusiastic about outlooks of nanotechnologies for our life and environment.

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  • Nanotechnology involves research and development on materials and species at length scales between 1 and 100 nm. The term nano is derived from the Greek word meaning “dwarf.” In dimensional scaling, nano refers to 10–9, i.e., one billionth of a unit. Thus, a nanometer is 10–9 m (0.000000001 m), or about the size of a molecule such as benzene. Nanotechnology therefore, refers to the techniques and methods for studying, designing, and fabricating things at the nanometer scale.

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  • Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine is intended to serve as an authoritative reference for a wide audience involved in research, teaching, learning, and practice of nanotechnology in life sciences. Nanotechnology, which involves research on and the development of materials and species at length scales between 1 to 100 nm, has been revolutionizing many important scientific fields ranging from biology to medicine. This technology, which is at the scale of the building blocks of the cell, has the potential of developing devices smaller and more efficient than anything currently available.

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  • Advances in nanotechnology over the past decade have made scanning electron microscopy (SEM) an indispensable and powerful tool for analyzing and constructing new nanomaterials. Development of nanomaterials requires advanced techniques and skills to attain higher quality images, understand nanostructures, and improve synthesis strategies. A number of advancements in SEM such as field emission guns, electron back scatter detection (EBSD), and X-ray element mapping have improved nanomaterials analysis.

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  • Until very recently most people associated nanotechnology with science fictionbased accounts that tended to focus on fantastical devices and applications. With recent developments in nanoscience (for example greater control over atomic structure due in part to the atomic force microscope), nanotechnology has entered the commercial realm, and has simultaneously begun the journey of finding its space within the social imaginary. This book represents a leg of this journey.

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  • In all different areas in biomedical engineering, the ultimate objectives in research and education are to improve the quality life, reduce the impact of disease on the everyday life of individuals, and provide an appropriate infrastructure to promote and enhance the interaction of biomedical engineering researchers. This book is prepared in two volumes to introduce recent advances in different areas of biomedical engineering such as biomaterials, cellular engineering, biomedical devices, nanotechnology, and biomechanics.

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  • In April 2000, the Japanese government established the National Strategy for Industrial Technology in order to identify challenges and solutions for Japanese industrial technology in the twenty-first century. The Second Science and Technology Basic Plan, a five year plan that started in 2001, is a part of this national strategy. According to this plan, a total of approximately $200 billion will be invested in governmental research and development.

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  • The human body is composed of structures organized in a hierarchical fashion: from biomolecules assembled into polymers, to multimeric assemblies such as cellular organelles, to individual cells, to tissues, to organ systems working together in health and disease- each dominated by a characteristic length scale. Decades of science and engineering are now converging to provide tools that enable the orderly manipulation of biological systems at previously inaccessible, though critically important, length scales (...

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  • Less than twenty years ago photolithography and medicine were total strangers to one another. They had not yet met, and not even looking each other up in the classifieds. And then, nucleic acid chips, microfluidics and microarrays entered the scene, and rapidly these strangers became indispensable partners in biomedicine. As recently as ten years ago the notion of applying nanotechnology to the fight against dis- ease was dominantly the province of the fiction writers.

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  • This contribution book is a collection of reviews and original articles from eminent experts working in the multi- and interdisciplinary arena of biomaterials, ranging from their design to novel uses. From their personal experience, the readers can obtain a stimulating foresight on the potentialities of different synthetic and engineered biomaterials. 21 chapters have been organized to illustrate different aspects of biomaterials science.

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  • he characterization of individual molecules has been a scientifically attractive and challenging task for decades, and remains so today. New technological developments have facilitated great progress in our understanding of the structure and behavior of single atoms and molecules in various environments.

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  • This volume contains the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices (BIODEVICES 2009), organized by the Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information Control and Communication (INSTICC), technically co-sponsored by the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMB), in cooperation with AAAI and endorsed by IFMBE.

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  • Where the possibilities of a man reached the end, especially from the point of view of technical solutions, the nature took over and formed our environment according to its needs. Nowadays technical and engineering activities have a significantly greater impact on the natural laws and rules once considered as changeless. Nonetheless we have been approaching the same pattern that we followed in the past – we get inspired by the nature. We imitate shapes, functions or we deal with combinations of the two.

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  • Work on Deisboeck and Kresh's Complex Systems Science in BioMedicine started years ago. In fact, thoughts and ideas leading up to this textbook date back to our first conversation, sometime in the fall of 1996. We quickly found common ground, and talked about emergence and self-organization and their relevance for medicine. We were both fascinated by the idea of complexity and marveled about its tremendous possibilities for cancer research, which was then and still is Tom's main scientific interest. Much has happened in science and technology since we first discussed our vision.

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  • This book addresses the engineering student and practising engineer. It takes an engineering-oriented look at semiconductors. Semiconductors are at the focal point of vast number of technologists, resulting in great engineering, amazing products and unheard-of capital growth. The work horse here is of course silicon. Explaining how semiconductors like silicon behave, and how they can be manipulated to make microchips that work—this is the goal of our book.

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  • Congress is a long way from the Texas laboratory where Richard Smalley made his Nobel Prize–winning discovery. Nevertheless, the gray-bearded scientist speaks with more than just confidence—he has a fiery passion. Perhaps he is inspired by an ardent desire to cure a vicious disease; perhaps he wants to express to the world the importance of his life’s work. Dr. Smalley declares:

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  • Surface science was revolutionized in 1982 by the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) by Binnig and Rohrer who received the Nobel prize only 4 years later in 1986 [1]. Shortly after the invention, the first images showing atomic resolution on a Si(111) 77 surface were obtained. As this allowed real space imaging of atomic structure, it gave a new turn on nanotechnology research. By means of its working principle, namely the quantum mechanical tunneling current, the STM is inherently limited to the study of conducting surfaces.

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