This chapter describes the development of a humanoid robotic language and the creation of
a virtual reality system for the simulation of humanoid robots. In this chapter we propose a
description language for specifying motions for humanoid robots and for allowing
humanoid robots to acquire motor skills. Locomotion greatly increases our ability to interact
with our environments, which in turn increases our mental abilities. This principle also
applies to humanoid robots.
As the development of smart biped robots has been thriving, research and development of
personal robots with unique personalities will become an important issue in the next
decade. For instance, we might want to have robots capable of affording us pleasure by
chatting, singing or joking with us in our homes. Most of these functions are realized by
verbal communications. However, motion of a whole body, namely non-verbal
communication, also plays an important role.
We can get information concerning the personality of a subject when we observe his or her
Besides these, "Imagine the psychological impact upon a foe when encountering squads of
seemingly invincible warriors protected by armor and endowed with superhuman
capabilities, such as the ability to leap over 20-foot walls, " said Ned Thomas, the director of
Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies (ISN) (Wakefield, 2002). Another use of exoskeletons
is that they could help integrate women into combat situations.
Humanoid robots are developed to use the infrastructures designed for humans, to ease the interactions with humans, and to help the integrations into human societies. The developments of humanoid robots proceed from building individual robots to establishing societies of robots working alongside with humans. This book addresses the problems of constructing a humanoid body and mind from generating walk patterns and balance maintenance to encoding and specifying humanoid motions and the control of eye and head movements for focusing attention on moving objects....