Xem 1-20 trên 30 kết quả Birth environment
  •  Early childhood assessment for children from birth to age 8 (Grade 3) report offers information about the extent to which several assessment tools and curriculum materials align with Pennsylvania’s standards for learning (birth  to age 8). Given the many resources available on the market, both workgroups limited the list of assessment tools to those that are evidence-based and have demonstrated  technological adequacy for the preschool and elementary school age groups.   

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  • The preterm parturition syndrome is one of the major obstetrical complications of our time. Understanding the mechanisms leading to prematurity may assist the clinician to tailor the desired treatment that is suitable to the mechanisms leading to preterm birth in a specific patient. In the first section of this book we present an update on the association of periodontal disease, maternal stress, and activation of the hemostatic system and preterm parturition. The second section of the book deals with short and long term effects of prematurity, with a long term aspect of late preterm birth.

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  • This book is an attempt to bring together experts in their respective fields to place in one volume, for the first time, a comprehensive examination of normal birth practice. A glance through the Contents pages will reveal the variety of perspectives included here. Soo and I wanted to capture, as far as we could, a holistic overview of the current state of knowledge and skills in the wonderful complexity of labour and birthing.

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  • A student magazine asserts that a key action towards sustainability is ‘don’t have kids’ (Anon. 2008: 29). Another ‘green’ magazine for parents points out that ‘in the US, even having just one child creates a carbon legacy almost six times greater than each parent’s own lifetime carbon emissions’ (McAleer 2009). Sustainability and birthing human children are figured as mutually exclusive. So how do we get an edited collection of essays in a book with both the words ‘sustainability’ and ‘birth’ in the title?...

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  • Tham khảo sách 'understanding the brain the birth of a learning science', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • In response to such changes we need a multifaceted, multi-agency approach based on strengthening individuals, families and communities, while at the same time improving the infrastructure and access to services. Midwives and midwifery services have a particular part to play in this. We could go a long way to achieving improvements in health and social outcomes by giving more people, particularly women and children, better life chances8.

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  • In the anterior repair an atriotomy was performed first, the artificial chordae was placed in the usual manner, and then a flexible annular ring was tied on the mitral annulus. An aortotomy was performed to expose the native chordae and to calibrate the length of the artificial chordae that were locked but not tied down. The mitral valve was inspected through the atriotomy while saline water was injected through the aortotomy in the left ventricle. The chordae were tied from the aortotomy and the incisions closed in the usual fashion.

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  • Second, in Pike's Breast Tissue Age model, a one-time rapid increase in breast tissue age and therefore breast can- cer risk is included immediately following the first full- term pregnancy [138]. The extension of Pike's model includes multiple births by incorporating smaller increases in risk at each additional full-term pregnancy [139]. This pattern of increased risk for breast cancer immediately following full-term pregnancies is well-doc- umented [140-142]. E2 concentrations increase steadily during pregnancy, peaking at about 100 times normal cycling levels [3].

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  • In general terms, saving banks as the rest of the Spanish banking sector, faced the first phases of the financial crisis, originated in August 2007, with outstanding resilience due to their so called “traditional” banking model based mainly on retail banking, the high quality of the Bank of Spain prudential supervision and a privileged position in terms of efficiency, profitability, and level of provisions and capital.

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  • Synthetic chemicals known as endocrine disruptors are an excellent example of emerging contaminants where the threats and consequences for water quality, human health, and the environment are still not fully understood. Endocrine disruptors – chemicals that can interfere with hormone action – have been identified among chemicals used in agriculture, industry, and households, and for personal care, including pesticides, disinfectants, plastic additives, and pharmaceuticals like birth control pills.

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  • Infant Mortality Infant mortality is a basic indicator of the well-being of a population and of the health status of the children. According to data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), a collaboration of 30 member countries sharing a com- mitment to democratic government and a market economy, Mexico’s infant mortality rate was the highest at 20.5 per 1,000 live births in 2003 (this is also the second highest rate in the OECD). Canada had the lowest infant mortality rate of the three countries in 2003 at 5.3 per 1,000 live births.

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  • The empirical literature on human capital investment generally focuses on education and health investments using reduced form models that integrate the health production process with a model of household choice. The demand studies for health outcomes usually evaluate the impact that household and community level characteristics, like the usage and availability of health facilities, may have on distinct health measures.

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  • The first edition of this book (Watson, 1995) was a landmark in the sense that it was the first textbook to deal exclusively with the issue of accountability in nursing. The present edition has similarities to and differences from the first edition. The similarities are necessary in order to provide continuity and are represented by some of the original authors being involved. The differences are essential and are represented by some additional authors and also by developments in some of the original chapters....

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  • It was not until the late 1970’s that most organisations in the UK established a computer audit capability. This primarily arose out of the need to provide business auditors with independent data from the IT system. This in turn progressed to a wider review of the IT applications and infrastructure to provide an assurance that the organisation’s assets were protected and that suitable security and control mechanisms were in place. The high level of technical knowledge required resulted in the birth of the computer auditor.

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  • Mercury, in its elemental form, is a liquid metal that can form a vapour at room temperature. Inhaling mercury vapours or ingesting mercury can cause serious injury or death. The body is able to excrete mercury slowly; if the level of exposure is not too high, recovery can take place following accidental or short-term exposure. High levels of exposure may cause birth defects, permanent brain or kidney damage, and death. Mercury becomes more poisonous when it is converted to methylmercury (the principal form found in fish) because it is able to enter blood and organs, especially the brain.

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  • Chickenpox or Shingles (Varicella Virus)--First-time exposure to this virus during pregnancy may cause miscarriage, multiple birth defects, and severe disease in newborns. Chickenpox can be a serious illness in adults. Most people (90% to 95% of adults) were exposed to chickenpox as children and are immune. For women who do not know if they had chickenpox as a child, a blood test can verify if they are immune. If they are not immune, a chickenpox vaccine is now available.

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  • For example, despite a lack of prenatal care that parallels that of African-Americans, Latina mothers are far less likely to deliver low birth-weight babies with medical complications. Researchers hypothesize that this is because of healthy behaviors (avoidance of alcohol, non-smoking, high consumption of fruits and vegetables) that are more common in immigrant Latino cultures. Researchers can pinpoint health disparities among communities, but they are also beginning to recognize the wealth of healthy traditions that other cultures have to offer.

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  • In India, the registration of births and deaths is compulsory and mandated under the Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Act, 1969, which came into force in1970. Moreover, being a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), India has committed itself to ensuring universal birth registration and this commitment is reflected in several national policies, such as the National Population Policy, 2000, and the National Plan of Action for Children, 2005. In India, an estimated 27 million births take place every year.

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  • Ergonomics, also known as Human Factors, is a recent scientific discipline, curiously with a well‐defined and official date and place of birth, July 12, 1949, in England. However the term Ergonomics, was proposed in 1857, by the Polish philosopher and naturalist Wojciech Jastrzebowski and fell into oblivion for nearly a century. The word Ergonomics results from joining the Greek words ergon meaning ʺworkʺ and nomos meaning ʺnatural lawsʺ, and conveys the concern of understanding the relationships between humans and their work environment....

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  • Midwives are autonomous professionals whose unique and specialist contribution affects the whole population: each of us at the time of birth, the great majority of people who become parents and the half of these who become mothers. Women and their families expect a service that provides clear communication and explanations, effective teamwork, a safe care environment and continuity of care. The midwife’s role is to ensure that these expectations are understood and met.

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