Xem 1-20 trên 27 kết quả Birth outcomes
  • Diabetes is a unique condition for women. When compared with men, women have a 50 percent greater risk of diabetic coma, a condition brought on by poorly controlled diabetes and lack of insulin. Women with diabetes have heart disease rates similar to men, but more women with diabetes die from a first heart attack than do men with diabetes. Diabetes also poses special challenges during pregnancy.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học đề tài : Birth outcomes in South African women receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy: a retrospective observational study

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  • This chapter will provide an overview of the literature on depression and anxiety during pregnancy, including prevalence of symptoms and syndromes, studies on the impact of depression, anxiety, and stress on birth outcomes and child development, the mechanisms by which these effects may operate, approaches to treatment of anxiety and depression during pregnancy, and the evidence available on the efficacy of these treatments. Implications for health and public policy, clinical treatment, and research will be discussed....

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  • The significance of the kidney in diabetes Ferrannini • Fioretto • Groop • Hach Nauck • Thomas Edited by Piper & Raderschadt Published by infill Kommunikation GmbH .

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  • The view that a midwife is the expert in normal pregnancy is not new but the context within which midwifery is practised has changed over the years. From the early 1960s the most usual place to give birth moved from being a woman’s home to hospital settings and the majority of women now give birth in hospital. In recent years larger tertiary maternity units have been developed, housing a range of specialised services, and there has also been an increase in the number of midwife-led units.

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  • Surrogacy is an agreement in which a woman becomes pregnant and gives birth to a child for someone else. Surrogacy can be paid or unpaid, and often involves a legal contract in which the surrogate gives up parental rights to the child she births. If the surrogate’s own eggs are used through alternative insemination or IVF, she is known as the “genetic surrogate.” If embryos are created using another woman’s eggs and implanted in the surrogate, she is known as the “gestational surrogate” and has no genetic tie to the child. Hiring a surrogate in the US can...

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  • The Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF) (Victorian Framework) birth to eight years, has been developed in partnership with the Office for Children and Portfolio Coordination, Department of Education and Early Childhood De- velopment (DEECD) and the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA). The VEYLDF was launched November 2009 for implementation in 2010. The Victorian Framework describes five Learning and Development Outcomes for children from birth to eight years.

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  • Accordingly, for the purpose of impact assessment, it was decided not to use response functions from daily mortality time-series studies to estimate the excess annual mortality but the change in the long-term mortality rates associated with ambient air pollution. 5 Contrary to the exposure function which is assumed to be the same for all countries, the health outcome frequency (frequency with which a health outcome appears in the population for a defined time span) may differ across countries. These differences may result from a different age structure or from other factors (i.e.

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  • The crisis also provides a test of whether the structure of banking supervision matters for outcomes. Our sample can be split between economies where the central bank is responsible for banking supervision (25 economies) and jurisdictions where this responsibility is either shared or falls wholly to another supervisory authority (21 economies). Banking supervision is the responsibility of the central bank in countries such as Israel and New Zealand, but is outside the central bank in Australia, China, Ireland and the UK.

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  • Epidemiology 101 should be conceptual rather than technical so that the underlying methods are apparent to a broad range of students. For example, the course might employ stratification rather than regression methods to illustrate adjustment for confounding, because the emphasis is on active engagement and ensuring an intuitive and clear understanding of key principles.

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  • Put simply, public health has a bold mission: “protecting health and saving lives— millions at a time.” In medical fields, clinicians treat diseases or injuries, one patient at a time. But in public health, we prevent disease and injury. As researchers, practitioners and educators, we work with communities and populations. We identify causes of disease and disability, and we implement largescale solutions. For example, instead of treating a gun wound, we identify causes of gun violence and develop interventions.

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  • Intra-partum, post-natal and neonatal cares have the potential to save 20-40% of newborn lives. Care at birth and in the first days of life not only saves the lives of mothers and newborns, but also reduces serious complications that may have long-term effect. The SNL (Saving Newborn Lives) initiative demonstrates remarkable changes in all areas of maternal and newborn care. Training CHWs in Essential Newborn Care (ENC) has increased the proportion of women receiving early ante- and post-natal care. Trained TBAs are important providers of delivery and PNC services in the community.

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  • For this reason, levels of mental distress among communities need to be understood less in terms of individual pathology and more as a response to relative deprivation and social injustice, which erode the emotional, spiritual and intellectual resources essential to psychological wellbeing. While psycho- social stress is not the only route through which disadvantage affects outcomes, it does appear to be pivotal.

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  • There is another piece of good news. As you will see in the coming chapters, importing 5,000 to 15,000 new words into your brain in 500 to 1,500 hours turns out to be THE major battlefield in language learning, representing 60 to 80 percent of your total effort. In comparison, other aspects of language learning – grammar, pronunciation, etc. – are minor construction sites. If you are motivated and still willing to follow me, my first prescription would be that you start learning words on a daily basis, at least five days a week, and that you start now.

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  • Technological innovations can also play a critical role. Firs they can simplify expensive, hard-to-use technologies, such as ventilators and tools for administering treatments making them more affordable and usable in the home or community, where most babies are born. Healthcare businesses should look at their product lines (analyzing the number of units they manufacture, their ease of use, pricing, and integration with distribution networks) and make sure they can be used in a home or community environment.

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  • An example of a continuum of care in action is the Reproductive and Child Health II (RCH II) program, which uses an integrated model of health care and focuses on women’s and children’s health from birth through adulthood. With the goal of improving reproductive and child health in India, RCH II concentrates on family planning and maternal, newborn, child, and adoles- cent health services. The program focuses on community participation and empowering people to play an active role in their reproductive health care.

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  • In response to such changes we need a multifaceted, multi-agency approach based on strengthening individuals, families and communities, while at the same time improving the infrastructure and access to services. Midwives and midwifery services have a particular part to play in this. We could go a long way to achieving improvements in health and social outcomes by giving more people, particularly women and children, better life chances8.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Part 1. Introduction to Clinical Medicine Chapter 7. Medical Disorders during Pregnancy Medical Disorders during Pregnancy: Introduction Approximately 4 million births occur in the United States each year. A significant proportion of these are complicated by one or more medical disorders. Three decades ago, many medical disorders were contraindications to pregnancy.

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  • A midwife’s focus is to enable all women and their families to have a positive and safe experience of pregnancy, birth and early parenting. A social model of maternity care where women, rather than the organisation, are at the centre is a key feature of midwifery-led care20. Women value care that is personalised and coordinated by a midwife they know and trust and should be offered a choice of place of birth taking account of individual needs, risks and circumstances. One-to-one support in established labour results in better outcomes for women and this is a key role of the midwife.

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  • given high levels of illiteracy and isolation, the level of knowledge about health risks related to pregnancy and childbirth are low and hardly informed by modern medical practices. there is poor demand for, and mistrust of, preventive services such as vaccination and birth spacing. Poverty, illiteracy and the low value placed on women’s health, lack of female decision-making power over their own health, and social and cultural norms associated with reproduction adversely affect decisions to seek health care and positive outcomes for mother and child.

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