Xem 1-20 trên 80 kết quả Blood transfusions
  • Blood transfusion is a field where there has been, and continue to be, significant advances in science, technology and most particularly governance. The aim of this book is to provide students of allied medical sciences, medicine and transfusion practitioners with a comprehensive overview of both the scientific and managerial aspects of blood transfusion. The book is intended to equip biomedical, clinical and allied medical professionals with practical tools to allow for an informed practice in the field of blood transfusion management....

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  • Blood Transfusion Therapy in High Risk Surgical Patients 25 João Manoel Silva Junior and Alberto Mendonça P. Ferreira Blood Transfusion Practices in Major Orthopaedic Surgery 35 Saqeb B. Mirza, Sukhmeet S. Panesar and Douglas G. Dunlop Transfusion Reduction in Orthopedic Surgery 61 Ruud H.G.P. van Erve and Alexander C. Wiekenkamp Scope of Blood Transfusion in Obstetrics 83 Subhayu Bandyopadhyay Uterine Atony: Management Strategies 97 Pei Shan Lim, Mohamad Nasir Shafiee, Nirmala Chandralega Kampan,...

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  • The art of fluid administration and haemodynamic support is one of the most challenging aspects of current critical care practice. Although more than half the patients in intensive care units (ICU) receive blood transfusions there is little in the way of data to guide decisions on when to give transfusions. The American College of Physicians, among others, has published a transfusion algorithm.1 However, this is based, not on controlled clinical trials, but on expert opinion. Despite these guidelines, transfusion practice varies widely....

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  • The first edition of Blood Transfusion in Clinical Medicine was published in 1951, at a time when the subject was, if not in its infancy, certainly in its very early childhood. Transfusions were given for the treatment of acute blood loss or for the relief of chronic anaemia. Platelet and leucocyte transfusions were not attempted and plasma fractions were not available.

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  • Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency: Treatment Management of PK deficiency is mainly supportive. In view of the marked increase in red cell turnover, oral folic acid supplements should be given constantly. Blood transfusion should be used as necessary, and iron chelation may have to be added if the blood transfusion requirement is high enough to cause iron overload. In these patients, who have more severe disease, splenectomy may be beneficial.

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  • Alternatives to Transfusion Alternatives to allogeneic blood transfusions that avoid homologous donor exposures with attendant immunologic and infectious risks remain attractive. Autologous blood is the best option when transfusion is anticipated. However, the cost:benefit ratio of autologous transfusion remains high. No transfusion is a zerorisk event; clerical errors and bacterial contamination remain potential complications even with autologous transfusions.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Randomized controlled trials are needed to determine appropriate blood transfusion strategies in patients with acute coronary syndromes...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Anemia and blood transfusion in a surgical intensive care unit...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Endothelial Blood transfusion during cardiac surgery is associated with inflammation and coagulation in the lung: a case control study...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: The use of partial exchange blood transfusion and anaesthesia in the management of sickle cell disease in a perioperative setting: two case reports

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: ICU Cornerstone: Changing our view of blood transfusions...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Major surgery in an osteosarcoma patient refusing blood transfusion: case report

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Anemia and blood transfusion and outcome on the intensive care unit...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Blood transfusion in the critically ill: does storage age matter?

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  • Contents Preface 1Key recommendations 3Policy recommendations 3Technical recommendations 41 Introduction 51.1 Context 51.2 Constraints and challenges 51.3 Aim and objectives 61.4 Target audience 71.5 Methodology 82 National blood screening programme fortransfusion-transmissible infections 102.1 Developing a national blood screening programme 102.2 National policy on blood screening 102.3 National screening strategy 112.3.1 Screening algorithms 122.4 Organization and management 122.4.1 Blood transfusion service(s) 122.4.2 Reference laboratory 132.5 Financial and human resources 132.

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  • The benefit-to-risk ratio of blood products needs constant evaluation. Blood products, as therapeutic agents, have had the test of time but lack the evidence we expect from other medicinals. Blood, an organ, is used as a pharmaceutical agent by the medical profession, due to the achievements in collection, processing, banking, and distribution. The fact that the most common risk of blood transfusion isblood delivery error supports the notion that blood is handled as a pharmaceutical agent.

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  • As with the first edition, the primary purpose of this book is to describe human blood group antigens and their inheritance, the antibodies that define them, the structure and functions of the red cell membrane macromolecules that carry them, and the genes that encode them or control their biosynthesis. In addition, this book provides information on the clinical relevance of blood groups and on the importance of blood group antibodies in transfusion medicine in particular.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 107. Transfusion Biology and Therapy Blood Group Antigens and Antibodies The study of red blood cell (RBC) antigens and antibodies forms the foundation of transfusion medicine. Serologic studies initially characterized these antigens, but now the molecular composition and structure of many are known. Antigens, either carbohydrate or protein, are assigned to a blood group system based on the structure and similarity of the determinant epitopes.

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  • Figure 101-6 Peripheral blood smear from a 5-year-old G6PD-deficient boy with acute favism. A very small minority of subjects with G6PD deficiency have CNSHA of variable severity. The patient is always a male, usually with a history of NNJ, who may present with anemia or unexplained jaundice, or because of gallstones later in life. The spleen may be enlarged. The severity of anemia ranges from borderline to transfusion-dependent. The anemia is usually normo-macrocytic, with reticulocytosis. Bilirubin and LDH are increased.

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  • Severe acute AIHA can be a medical emergency. The immediate treatment almost invariably includes transfusion of red cells. This may pose a special problem because if the antibody involved is "unspecific," all the blood units crossmatched will be incompatible. In these cases it is often correct, paradoxically, to transfuse incompatible blood, the rationale being that the transfused red cells will be destroyed no less but no more than the patient's own red cells, and in the meantime the patient stays alive.

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