Xem 1-20 trên 54 kết quả Borne pathogens
  • Chapter 3 - HIV, hepatitis, and other blood-borne pathogens. This chapter expands on the OSHA Blood-borne Pathogen Standard and explains how you should reduce your risk of exposure to blood-borne pathogens. You will learn about HIV, hepatitis, and other blood-borne infections, about reporting guidelines, and about educating patients on minimizing the risk of transmission. You will also be introduced to issues associated with terminal illnesses such as AIDS.

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  • Chapter 34 - HIV, hepatitis, and other blood-borne pathogens. This chapter expands on the OSHA Blood-borne Pathogen Standard and explains how you should reduce your risk of exposure to blood-borne pathogens. You will learn about HIV, hepatitis, and other blood-borne infections, about reporting guidelines, and about educating patients on minimizing the risk of transmission. You will also be introduced to issues associated with terminal illnesses such as AIDS.

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  • More than 2,500 serotypes of Salmonella exist. However, only some of these serotypes have been frequently associated with food-borne illnesses. This book contains nineteen chapters which cover a range of different topics, such as the role of foods in Salmonella infections, food-borne outbreaks caused by Salmonella, biofilm formation, antimicrobial drug resistance of Salmonella isolates, methods for controlling Salmonella in food, and Salmonella isolation and identification methods.

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  • Case studies for emerging risks in the second section include evidence-based precautionary interventions to safeguard blood supplies, the evaluation of nanoparticle deposition in the lung and nasal airways and the discourse surrounding emerging potential health risks of genetically modified animals consumed as food. The third chapter by Tyshenko et al.

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  • Chapter 21 - HIV, hepatitis and other blood-borne pathogens. This chapter expands on the OSHA Blood-borne Pathogen Standard and explains how you should reduce your risk of exposure to blood-borne pathogens. You will learn about HIV, hepatitis, and other blood-borne infections, about reporting guidelines, and about educating patients on minimizing the risk of transmission. You will also be introduced to issues associated with terminal illnesses such as AIDS.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 132. Infections Caused by Listeria monocytogenes Infections Caused by Listeria monocytogenes: Introduction Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen that can cause serious infections, particularly in pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals. A ubiquitous saprophytic environmental bacterium, L. monocytogenes is also a pathogen with a broad host range. Humans are probably accidental hosts for this microorganism. L.

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  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a water-soluble antioxidant, constituting one among the most prevalent dietary antioxidants found in fruits, vegetables and beverages. Dietary intake is usually in the area of 100 mg/d, with a DRI-RDA of 75mg/d (men) and 60mg/d (women) (National Academy of Sciences, 2000). Food items rich in vitamin C include bell peppers (ca. 120 mg/100g) and citrus fruits such as oranges (ca. 50 mg/100g) (Souci, 2000). Vitamin C contribution to the total antioxidant activity conferred e.g.

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  • The chapter provides insight into the early assessment process and the application of precaution, an often poorly described management action rarely captured in peer review literature. The situation surrounding this potential new threat to blood safety was largely resolved in mid-2011 when it was determined that the virus was an artifact from contaminated patient samples and from contamination stemming from a diagnostic test kit widely used by researchers.

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  • In low- and middle-income countries, complications from pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death among girls aged 15 to 19. And in 2008, there were an estimated three million unsafe abortions among girls in this age group. The adverse effects of adolescent childbearing also extend to the health of their infants. Perinatal deaths are 50% higher among babies born to mothers under 20 years of age than among those born to mothers aged 20 to 29. The newborns of adolescent mothers are also more likely to have low birth weight, with the risk of long-term effects....

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  • In the literature on conflict and HIV/AIDS, African men are often presented in simplistic and explicitly negative terms. It is generally taken for granted that those who use weapons are men whilst those who suffer the consequences of conflict are women, and that men always hold power in sexual relationships whilst women are always powerless. Certainly, African women and girls have been made vulnerable by the behaviour of men and boys in conflict settings and in sexual relationships. Yet the fact that gender hierarchies also oppress some men is seldom discussed. What of...

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  • We have no recognized standards in sales, but we have plenty of sales models to choose from. Many sales forces use all of them, some of them, or some hybrid of them. Unfortunately, allowing the sales force to follow their own model creates a considerable disparity of which model is working best. Let’s examine some of the models that have been developed along the way and that sales trainers have been delivering. Which ones are you using? This model contains instructions on not only what salespeople should say, but also what they should do while saying it.

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  • We are all aware of the essential role that insurance services play as a commercial and infrastructural service. From an infrastructural perspective it promotes financial and social stability, mobilizes and channel savings, supports trade, commerce and entrepreneurial activity and improves the quality of the lives of individuals. In a fast-globalizing world economy, Governments the world over are faced with challenges relating to the regulatory environment, emerging global trends in the insurance sector, technological innovations and liberalization of the insurance sector.

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  • Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen that can cause serious infections, particularly in pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals. A ubiquitous saprophytic environmental bacterium, L. monocytogenes is also a pathogen with a broad host range. Humans are probably accidental hosts for this microorganism. L. monocytogenes is of interest not only to clinicians but also to basic scientists as a model intracellular pathogen that is used to study basic mechanisms of microbial pathogenesis and host immunity. ...

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  • The effectively connected income of a foreign corporation or international investor is taxed on a net basis at graduated rates like those applicable to U.S. corporations, citizens, and residents. Generally, U.S. source income is ECI if one of two alternative tests -- the business-activities test and the assetuse test -- is met. The business-activities test looks to whether the activities of the U.S. business are a material factor in generating the income. The asset-use test looks to whether the income is derived from assets used or held for use in the conduct of a U.S. business.

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  • Serous or “body cavity fluids” are usually collected with aseptic technique by needle puncture and aspiration of the body cavity fluid. Methods for obtaining the specimen vary depending upon the site. Fluids are best collected into a dry container and submitted in the fresh state to the laboratory. 7 Adding 3-5 IU heparin/mL to a container prior to obtaining a bloody sample will usually inhibit clotting and not adversely affect morphology. If delay in transportation to the laboratory is unavoidable, most fluids may be kept refrigerated (4ºC) up to 72 hours.

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  • In the framework of Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing models, by employing exotic options instead of plain options or warrants, this paper presents an equivalent decomposition method for the Callable Convertible Bonds (CCB). Furthermore, the analytic valuation formulae for CCB are obtained by using the analytic formulae for those simpler securities decomposed from CCB. This method is validated by comparing with Monte Carlo simulation. Besides, the effects of call clauses, coupon clauses, soft call condition clauses and dividend payment are analyzed respectively.

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  • The fourth row of Table 3 indicates that for over half of nongovernmental organizations at least 85 percent of borrowers are female. At least a quarter of nongovernmental organizations serve women exclusively. Banks serve many women, but in lower numbers; for slightly less than half of institutions, men make up the majority of borrowers. Column 4 breaks out the median only for profitable nongovernmental microfinance organizations, and their data on women as a share of all borrowers are much closer to that of other nongovernmental organizations than that of banks.

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  • This case study examines an integrated marketing communications success story: Subaru’s 14-year unwavering, authentic relationship with the gay and lesbian communities during which sales have doubled. Subaru reached out to the gay and lesbian consumers in 1995, beginning with corporate sponsorship of the Rainbow Card, followed by gay and lesbian-specific advertising campaigns and numerous strategic sponsorships. Subaru’s corporate communication efforts were and continue to be revolutionary considering U.S.

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  • Following a comprehensive understanding of the luxury construct, all relevant current and potential value sources of the consumers‘ luxury perception should be integrated into one single model. A customer‘s luxury value perception and the motives for luxury brand consumption are not simply tied to a set of social aspects of displaying status, success, distinction and the human desire to impress other people, but also depend on the nature of the financial, functional and individual utilities of the certain luxury brand.

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  • Mechanical Reproduction’, in which he argued that mechanical reproduction destroys the aura of the formerly unique work of art and thus, for the first time in history, ‘emancipates the work of art from its parasitical dependence on rit- ual’ (Benjamin, 1979: 224) It is precisely in the dissemination of mechanical- ly reproduced artworks that quantity leads to the quality of a modern society, thereby gaining a new politically relevant status. In contrast to the ‘pure’ art of former centuries, it affords modern artworks a social function for the masses....

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