Branches of biology

Xem 1-20 trên 39 kết quả Branches of biology
  • Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.[1] Biology is a vast subject containing many subdivisions, topics, and disciplines.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'the biology of happiness', công nghệ thông tin, kỹ thuật lập trình phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The currently applied reaction structure in stoichiometric flux balance mod-els for the nonoxidative branch of the pentose phosphate pathway is not in accordance with the established ping-pong kinetic mechanism of the enzymes transketolase (EC 2.2.1.1) and transaldolase (EC 2.2.1.2). Based upon the ping-pong mechanism, the traditional reactions of the nonoxida-tive branch of the pentose phosphate pathway are replaced by metabolite specific, reversible, glycolaldehyde moiety (C2 ) and dihydroxyacetone moi-ety (C3) fragments producing and consuming half-reactions. ...

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  • From the beginnings of modern science, lakes have fulfilled a focus of attention. Doubtless, this has something to do with the lure that water bodies hold for most of us, as well as for long having been a source of food as well as water. Authors, from Aristotle to Izaak Walton, committed much common knowledge of the freshwater fauna to the formal written record, so it is still a little surprising to realise that the formal study of lakes—limnology (from the Greek word, limnos, a lake)—is scarcely more than a century in age (Forel 1895).

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  • Almost since their inception, the natural sciences, those fields that use the scientific method to study nature, have been divided into two branches: the biological sciences and the physical sciences. In part, this division can be viewed as a convenient social contrivance. However, over time it has also served more functional purposes. Physical scientists, when seeking the fundamental laws, have found it necessary to focus on the simplest of systems—elementary particles, atoms, and molecules—items clearly not alive.

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  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) is often referred to as a branch of science which deals with helping machines find solutions to complex problems in a more human-like fashion. It is generally associated with Computer Science, but it has many important links with other fields such as Maths, Psychology, Cognition, Biology and Philosophy. The AI success is due to its technology has diffused into everyday life. Neural networks, fuzzy controls, decision trees and rule-based systems are already in our mobile phones, washing machines and business applications....

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  • During the last years, spectacular progress has been made in all aspects of heat transfer. Heat transfer is a branch of engineering science and technology that deals with the analysis of the rate of transfer thermal energy. Its fundamental modes are conduction, convection, radiation, convection vs. conduction and mass transfer. It has a broad application to many diff erent branches of science, technology and industry, ranging from biological, medical and chemical systems, to common practice of thermal engineering (e.g.

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  • Ebook The language of Chemistry, Food and Biological Technology in English (ngôn ngữ tiếng anh chuyên ngành công nghệ hóa học, công nghệ thực phẩm và công nghệ sinh học) - GS.TS. Nguyễn Thị Hiền (chủ biên) có cấu trúc gồm 4 part.

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  • 4 Biological Activity of Waters Containing Nonionogenic Surfactants Nonionogenic surfactants are second to anionic surfactants by the amount of their production and discharge into aquatic ecosystems (Surfactants 1984; Steinberg et al. 1995; Bailey 1996; Thiele et al. 1997). The main classes of nonionogenic surfactants are alcohol ethoxylates and oxides of fatty amines. In 1988, the worldwide annual consumption of nonionogenic surfactants belonging to the alkyl phenol ethoxylates was approximately equal to 360,000 tons (Ahel et al. 1993).

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  • 6 Molecular Approaches to Behavioural Ecology Using Molecules to Study Behaviour Behavioural ecology is a branch of biology that seeks to understand how an animal’s response to a particular situation or stimulus is influenced by its ecology and evolutionary history.

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  • The timing of the publication of this book couldn’t be better as we celebrate the 50th anniversary of Charles Elton’s seminal book, The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants. Since this influential book was published in 1958, the study of bioinvasions has developed exponentially, alongside the exponential growth in the magnitude of the invasion problem itself. Today, bioinvasion, a highly complex ecological process and environmental concern, has become a specific branch in ecology and environmental studies, with many disciplines developing within it....

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  • In this study, structural features of Tricholoma matsutake polysaccharide (TMP-A) were investigated by a combination of infrared (IR) spectra, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The results indicated that TMP-A had a backbone of 1,4-- d-glucopyranose residue which branches at O-6 based on the experimental results. The branches were mainly composed of an (1→3)--d-galactopyranose residue, and terminated with -d-xylopyranose residue.

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  • The speciality of medical genetics is concerned with the study of human biological variation and its relationship to health and disease. It encompasses mechanisms of inheritance, cytogenetics, molecular genetics and biochemical genetics as well as formal, statistical and population genetics. Clinical genetics is the branch of the specialty involved with the diagnosis and management of genetic disorders affecting individuals and their families.

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  • As you move through the course, you'll be able to apply your new knowledge by helping a fictional program planner create her own social marketing intervention. Rosa is a program planner for the Nutrition and Physical Activity branch of the Heartland State Health Department. She was trained as a dietician. Meet Rosa Rosa: "Hello! I'm so glad you'll be giving me some feedback on the community intervention we've been trying to put together. Last year's application for grant money was turned down.

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  • Modern game theory has evolved enormously since its inception in the 1920s in the works of Borel and von Neumann. The branch of game theory known as dynamic games descended from the pioneering work on differential games by R. Isaacs, L. S. Pontryagin and his school, and from seminal papers on extensive form games by Kuhn and on stochastic games by Shapley.

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  • Normalization of tumor blood vessels due to inhibition of VEGF signaling. A. Blood vessels in normal tissues exhibit a regular hierarchical branching pattern that delivers blood to tissues in a spatially and temporally efficient manner to meet the metabolic needs of the tissue (top). At the microscopic level, tight junctions are maintained between endothelial cells (EC), which are adherent to a thick and evenly distributed basement membrane (BM). Pericytes form a surrounding layer that provides trophic signals to the EC and helps maintain proper vessel tone.

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  • Branchless Banking (BB) represents a significantly cheaper alternative to conventional branch-based banking that allows financial institutions and other commercial actors to offer financial services outside traditional bank premises by using delivery channels like retail agents, mobile phones etc. BB can be used to substantially increase the financial services outreach to the un-banked communities. These guidelines are being issued as part of the broader strategy to create an enabling regulatory environment to promote branchless banking.

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  • This book is intended for children. The special objects which the author has aimed to accomplish in the preparation of the work have been: 1. To present as fully as possible and proper in a work of this character a statement of the laws of healthful living, giving such special prominence to the subject of stimulants and narcotics as its recognized importance and the recent laws relating to the study of this branch of hygiene demand. 2.

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  • Departamento de Fisiologıa de la Nutricion, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion ‘Salvador Zubiran’, Mexico; ´ ´ ´ ´ ´ Departamento de Patologıa Experimental, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion ‘Salvador Zubiran’,Mexico; 3Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest University Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA Branched chain amino-acid aminotransferase (BCAT) activity is present in fetal liver but the developmental pattern of mitochondrial BCAT (BCATm) expression in rat liver has not been studied.

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  • Geometry is a branch of mathematics related research space. Using experience, or perhaps by intuition, it is recognized by the space fundamental characteristics, the geometric axioms called the system. Axiomatic system including the original concept is not defined and the axioms (also known as the proposition) does not prove a relationship defined between the concepts.

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