Private sector availability of generic medicines is higher than that in the public sector in
all regions (Figure 1.1). Nevertheless, median availability is still less than 60% in Africa,
South-East Asia and the Western Pacific. Large differences in availability across individual
countries within the same region are again observed; the difference between the lowest and
highest availability is as much as 98% and 74% in the countries of the Eastern Mediterra-
nean and Africa, respectively.
A number of countries have used the results of recent surveys of medicine prices and
availability to inform and guide policy action to improve access to medicines. Examples
China: The Chinese Government intends to limit the price of branded generics to not
much higher than unbranded generics, simplify the public sector medicine supply system,
establish a national pooled tendering procurement system and abolish mark-ups in the
We are pleased to present the 7th edition of the Clinician’s Pocket Drug Reference.
This book is based on the drug presentation style used since 1983 in the Clinician’s
Pocket Reference, popularly known as the Scut Monkey Book. Our goal is to identify
the most frequently used and clinically important medications, including
branded, generic and OTC products. The book includes well over 1000 medications
and is designed to represent a cross section of commonly used products in
medical practices across the country....
This study compares the depicted reality the films present to
audiences with previous addiction cinema and with real-world
economic and cultural conditions. Since films privilege certain
viewpoints through representational strategies and by leaving
out alternatives, I also examine the ideologies of the films and
issues of textual silence. The study offers a critique of these
issues in the spirit of other well-known ideological film
studies, such as Ryan and Kellner's (1988) Camera Politica....
In community-dwelling elders, the relation
between dietary quality, social support
and living arrangements is controversial.
Some studies have found positive
relations,21,65,68,70,78-80 whereas others have
found diet quality to be unaffected by a
poor social network.81 It has been suggested
that geographical isolation has an
adverse effect on nutritional status among
Official statistics must be interpreted with care, as changes at the margins of firm size categories may
strongly affect size distribution and with that the picture of the role of SMEs in an economy. Wherever
possible, data should be collected on a (sub-national) regional basis as the differences in birth rates and
growth within an economy, and indeed within a locality or region, may be as substantial as between
This document provides system requirements developed and adopted by the National
Association of Theatre Owners. This document may be revised by NATO. It is
intended solely as information for system providers, product developers, and
standards committees and other organizations in standardization and certification
efforts. NATO shall not be liable for any exemplary, incidental, proximate or
consequential damages or expenses arising from the use of this document.
This document is an authorized and approved publication of NATO.
Research show that RVT doesn’t has any side effect on
fertility. In 200 cases of pregnancy after RVT 66% lead to
neonate birth. Premature birth before 37th week happened
in 27% of the cases. Abortion rate in first trimester was
16-20% like general population and second trimester
abortion was 9.5% (Plante et al., 2005; Jolley et al., 2007).
If the tumor volume is less than 500mm, tumor size is less
than 2 cm and invasion depth of stroma is less than 2mm
we can do ultraconservative operations include simple
trachelectomy or extensive conization with knife. In this...
These capital requirements were notable because, for
the first time, regulatory minimum capital requirements could
be based on the output of banks’ internal risk measurement
models. The market risk capital requirements thus stood in
sharp contrast to previous regulatory capital regimes, which
were based on broad, uniform regulatory measures of risk
We also Önd evidence of a political economy story. We were motivated to pursue this
story by the failure of a legislative bill in the Greek Parliament in 2010. The idea of the
bill was to mandate tax audits for reported income below a minimum amount, targeted at
eleven select occupations. The occupations line up almost perfectly with our results: doctors,
dentists, veterinarians, lawyers, architects, engineers, topographer engineers, economists, Örm
consultants and accountants.
"Bác sĩ, hồi trước nhà thuốc họ đưa tôi thuốc Tylenol, dạo này họ đưa tôi thuốc có tên lạ hoắc acetaminophen, hình dạng khác, mà mùi vị cũng hơi khác. Không biết thuốc này có phải là Tylenol?" Acetaminophen là thuốc generic, tương tự với Tylenol, do một hãng thuốc khác chế tạo. Tylenol là thuốc mang tên thương mại (brand name) chúng ta từng quen biết, và trong Tylenol chứa chất acetaminophen có tác dụng chống đau nhức, nóng sốt.
Starting contraception immediately, rather than waiting for the next menses, may
theoretically reduce the time a woman is at risk of pregnancy; prevent her forgetting
information on correct use of the method; prevent waning enthusiasm for the method and
use of a less reliable alternative method; avoid patient costs and barriers to returning for
contraception (e.g. transport, time, childcare) and reduce health care costs by reducing the
number of appointments.
Women who have taken EC or who have irregular cycles may have an even longer wait for
their next menses.
Technological improvements might also involve the adoption and use of alternative fuel or
alternative propulsion vehicles. In developing countries, the most commonly discussed
alternative vehicle strategies include compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas
(LPG), alcohol-based fuels, and electric propulsion or hybrid -electric vehicles in certain
applications. Other alternative fuels showing potential long -term promise in the transport sector
include hydrogen fuel cells and various synthetic fuels for use in compression-ignition engines.
I was thrilled to find out through my husband that this new program came into existence at
Embassy Rome. I was very eager to speak with the GEA to discuss my business prospects.
Loretta and I would meet to talk about how we could go about setting up a “home-based”
business, where I could provide counseling, coaching and consulting services.
The first thing Loretta suggested I do was write a proposal that would allow me to work from
government quarters should the Ambassador give his approval. This memo went through the
Management Officer to make sure...
The marketing funnel is a broken metaphor that overlooks the complexity social media introduces
into the buying process. As consumers’ trust in traditional media diminishes, marketers need a
new approach. We propose a new metric, engagement, that includes four components: involvement,
interaction, intimacy, and influence. Each of these is built from data collected from online and offline
The European Environment Agency Aug. 18 released a report predicting increasingly
severe weather problems in Europe over the next generation as a result of rising
temperatures, calling the 1997 Kyoto Protocol the best first step to reversing some of the
effects of the trend. The report, Impacts of Europe's changing climate: An indicator-
based assessment, which is in line with much of the previous research into the subject,
showed that temperatures were rising in Europe faster than they are rising worldwide.
Today, tens of millions of Americans – including those with and without health insurance – struggle to
pay their health care bills. A study released last year by CredAbility, a nonprofit credit counseling agency,
estimated that 20% of their clients listed medical debt as the primary reason for seeking bankruptcy
protection. The burden of being unable to afford care often has a greater impact on women than men.
In one study, more than 50% of women delayed seeking medical care because they couldn't afford it,
compared to 39% of men. Women are also less likely to...
Second, lower output and lower income, together with a poorly functioning financial system,
imply that consumption may have depended more on current than on future income, and that
investment may have depended more on current than on future profits, with both effects
leading to larger multipliers (Eggertsson and Krugman, 2012).
Third, and consistent with some of the above mechanisms, a number of empirical studies
have found that fiscal multipliers are likely to be larger when there is a great deal of slack in
the economy. Based on U.S.
Over the last decade, the consumption of poultry products in developing countries has grown by
5.8 percent per annum, faster than that of human population growth, and has created a great
increase in demand. Family poultry has the potential to satisfy at least part of this demand
through increased productivity and reduced wastage and losses, yet still represent essentially
low-input production systems.
Operation costing is used in situations where products have some common charac-
teristics and some individual characteristics. Shoes, for example, have common character-
istics in that all styles involve cutting and sewing that can be done on a repetitive basis,
using the same equipment and following the same basic procedures. Shoes also have
individual characteristics—some are made of expensive leathers and others may be made
using inexpensive synthetic materials.