I’m worried about my girlfriend. Why is that? She thinks she’s too fat. Is she? No, but she keeps skipping meals. Then, she only eats chips and drinks cola. I used to do that. It’s called binging. It was no fun! Why did you stop doing it? Well, my doctor told me to eat when I’m hungry. She said, “Eat till you’re full or you’ll eat too much later.” She said a lot of girls ruin their health this way. Did she say what to eat? She said, “Eat fruit, vegetables, meats, and grains. Have regular meals and snacks. Get...
The use of fibre optic sensors in structural health monitoring has rapidly accelerated in recent years. By embedding fibre optic sensors in structures (e.g. buildings, bridges and pipelines) it is possible to obtain real time data on structural changes such as stress or strain. Engineers use monitoring data to detect deviations from a structure’s original design performance in order to optimise the operation, repair and maintenance of a structure over time.
When a woman is healthy, she has the energy and strength to
do her daily work, to fulfill the many roles she has in her family
and community, and to build satisfying relationships with others.
In other words, a woman’s health affects every area of her life.
Yet for many years, ‘women’s health care’ has meant little more
than maternal health services such as care during pregnancy and
bir th. These services are necessary, but they address women’s
needs only as mothers.
Clean air is a basic requirement of life. The quality of air inside homes, offices,
schools, day care centres, public buildings, health care facilities or other private
and public buildings where people spend a large part of their life is an essential
determinant of healthy life and people’s well-being. Hazardous substances emit-
ted from buildings, construction materials and indoor equipment or due to hu-
man activities indoors, such as combustion of fuels for cooking or heating, lead
to a broad range of health problems and may even be fatal....
These interventions call for a series of actions, including creation of an appropriate institutional
framework to support women's training, market linkages, access to credit and child care
facilities, schooling infrastructure including incentives designed to reduce the drop out rate for
girls, and maternal health care facilities to be spread out into remote rural areas. Given the
current state of data in and about Afghanistan and the limited experience with a variety of
actions, it is not possible to quantify precisely the impact of these actions.
This products classification system facilitates rapid research about the needed medical
devices. It is also a guarantee of maintaining coherence in the whole list and obtaining a clear
overview of what is needed to set up a reproductive health service.
The list of products is specified by two levels of care: the first level of MNH care and the
The four case-studies were selected from diverse
geographic regions with contrasting political
and sectoral structures. All are currently engaged
in health-sector reform, and represent differing
stages of progress towards a SWAp. The UNFPA
and WHO country offices in each of the countries
selected had participated in the project’s training
course, and two of the four countries had received
Looking only at the availability of elevators may not fully illustrate the accessibility of a unit. A
unit located on the tenth floor of a multi-story building without a working elevator is less
accessible than a unit located on the third floor of the same building. We, therefore, extended
the analysis by controlling for the number of floors from the main entrance to the apartment.
Data, presented in parentheses, indicate that the majority of people live in multi-family buildings
with no more than five stories.
Since their launch in 1984, the Framework Programmes have played a lead role in
multidisciplinary research and cooperative activities in Europe and beyond. FP7
continues that task, and is both larger and
more comprehensive than earlier Framework
Programmes. Running from 2007 to 2013, the
programme has a budget of 53.2 billion euros
over its seven-year lifespan, the largest
funding allocation yet for such programmes.
Many people have contributed to the successful completion of this
book. Jenny Routledge initiated the cross-school Women’s Health
Initiative at the University of East Anglia, whose members undertook
the stimulating discussions, activities and conferences which led to
most of the chapters herein. Robbie Meehan provided excellent
support for those activities, so that they were always well run and
recorded; her co-ordination was essential in getting the book underway.
The Member States in the WHO European Region met at the WHO European Ministerial
Conference on Mental Health in Helsinki in January 2005 to tackle one of
the major threats to the well-being of Europeans: the epidemic of psychosocial distress
and mental ill health. Thanks to the long-term investment and work of many actors
in many fora, it is now possible to state that mental health no longer belongs to the
area of shameful and unspeakable things. Instead, it has been brought to the centre of
the public health policy arena....
Congress has recognized the importance of respiratory health and has em-
barked on programs to make a difference. From 1998–2003, Congress doubled
the budget of the National Institutes of Health. We have strengthened the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention, granted the Food and Drug Administration the
ability to regulate tobacco, improved pollution control through the Environmental
Protection Agency, and funded tuberculosis programs throughout the world
because we realize that in order to control tuberculosis at home, we need to control
In addition, other emergency preparedness measures such as capacity building for national disaster
response teams (NDRT); standard operating procedures (SOP); volunteer management; and planning,
monitoring, evaluation, and reporting (PMER) capacity, which are addressed in country development
programmes, helped benefit the implementation of this DREF.
It is often ignored that imprisoning women has greater social cost to family and community than
does imprisoning most men prisoners. Family breakdown, long-term problems among children
taken into care and a loss of community spirit and cohesion can push the social costs of women’s
imprisonment considerably higher than for men’s imprisonment.
This is a background paper for the Kyiv Declaration on Women’s Health in Prison, which was
discussed and adopted during the WHO International Conference on Prison Health in November
In many countries, babies born to women in prison stay in prison with their mother, and very
young children may accompany their mothers into prison. Facilities vary widely between and
within countries. Some countries have mother and baby units, with special facilities to
support the mother and the child’s development. In others, babies live in the prisons without
the state officially noting or monitoring their presence and without any special provision
being made for them.
According to Garg (2008, p.13), “The Pan-African tele-education and tele-medicine
initiative of the Government of India, envisages that all 53 African Union member states be
connected through satellite, fibre optic and wireless networks. It should be seen as an effort
towards capacity building across cultures in the spirit of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam (entire
globe is a family).” Similarly Jokivirta (2006) reported that a tele-medicine network would
connect five Universities (two in India and three in Africa) to 53 remote hospitals for tele-
Countries in the WHO European Region face enormous challenges in working
to promote the mental well-being of their populations, to prevent mental health
problems in marginalized and vulnerable groups and to treat, care for and support
the recovery of people with mental health problems. Mental health has growing
priority across the Region, owing to the awareness of both the human and
economic costs to society and the suffering of individuals.
Rebuilding public health and health care delivery systems has been an important component of nation-building efforts conducted after major conflicts. However, few studies have attempted to examine a comprehensive set of cases, compare the quantitative and qualitative results, and outline best practices.
Three key messages from The world health report: Universal health coverage, with full access to high-quality services for health promotion, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, palliation and financial risk protection, cannot be achieved without evidence from research. Research has the power to address a wide range of questions about how we can reach universal coverage, providing answers to improve human health, well-being and development...