The learning objectives for this chapter include: Describe the role of product and service costing in various types of organisations; define the following costing terms: fixed and variable cost, direct and indirect cost, product and period cost, manufacturing costs; discuss the difficulties associated with accounting for indirect manufacturing costs;...
Be aware that some of these sample letters have legal, financial, or other implications. If you are not sure about the use of any letter, consult with an appropriate professional first ART WORK FOR BILLBOARD DESIGN:
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In the emerging global economy, e-commerce and e-business have increasingly become a necessary component of business strategy and a strong catalyst for economic development. The integration of information and communications technology (ICT) in business has revolutionized relationships within organizations and those between and among organizations and individuals. Specifically, the use of ICT in business has enhanced productivity, encouraged greater customer participation, and enabled mass customization, besides reducing costs....
This text is aimed at students of economics and the closely related disciplines
of accountancy and business, and provides examples and problems relevant to
those subjects, using real data where possible. The book is at an elementary
level and requires no prior knowledge of statistics, nor advanced mathematics.
For those with a weak mathematical background and in need of some revision,
some recommended texts are given at the end of this preface.
The objective of operations management is to organize the production
and sales/marketing efforts in the most appropriate way for the business.
The purpose of a business is to produce a series of goods or services
(from this point on, these terms are considered the same and are referred
to as goods). It is a deciding factor that this process is achieved as
cheaply as possible.
In the 1950s and 1960s airports were seen as just another, fairly inconsequential arm of government. Over the past 20 years, however, it has become obvious that airports can actually be run as highly successful and profitable businesses. Despite this success the industry has, until now, had no defined economic theory to base itself on. The aim of The Airport Business is to change this.
In a matter of seconds we can communicate with other people all over the world, either in writing or by the spoken word. Unfortunately,
however, in such a 'high tech' society, it is easy to lose sight of the basics, and it should always be remembered that it is just as important
as ever to be able to write a good business letter.
Fortunately for us all, the modern business letter is a simple document to compose and display. At last it is widely recognised that the
best kind of letter is the one that adopts a 'no frills' approach, saying just what is...
This text offers the perfect introduction to social benefit-cost analysis. The book closely integrates the theory and practice of benefit-cost analysis using a spreadsheet framework. The spreadsheet model is constructed in a truly original way which contributes to transparency, provides a check on the accuracy of the analysis, and facilitates sensitivity, risk and alternative scenario assessment. A case study inco
Everyone knows when a real estate deal closes: It’s when
you get the keys to the house and the sellers get their
money. But when does the closing process actually begin?
In truth, it starts when you make an offer to purchase.
How that offer is written up determines what steps you
have to take in order to eventually receive possession of
your new home.
There are many steps involved in the closing. These can
include getting financing, clearing contingencies and title,
and paying closing costs (see the list that follows). There
also can be many stumbling blocks.
This practical handbook explains how to analyze space needs, find the ideal location and then get the best possible terms. Learn how to: determine the real cost of renting; keep future rent at manageable levels; get the most out of your broker and attorney; suggest alternatives to hefty security deposits;allocate responsibility and cost of fixing up your space; negotiate flexibility to expand, renew or leave early; ensure costs are shared fairly among tenants; avoid dealing with costly code compliance and clean-ups; save your lease if you can't live up to it now and then...
We live in a society that bombards consumers
with messages, from pop-ups on computers, to
on-line chat room links, to e-newsletters and e-
blasts, to advertising in traditional media, all de-
signed to build a “share of mind” for a product,
service or social cause. marketing is at the heart
of every successful brand, business, organization,
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tions. it is the sum presentation to the customer
of a value equation that results in a sale or action.
Oracle's Primavera Contract Management, Business Intelligence Publisher Edition is a document management, job cost, and field controls solution that keeps construction projects on schedule and on budget through complete project control.
"Oracle Primavera Contract Management, Business Intelligence Publisher Edition v14" explains the concepts behind the core modules and how to use them.
Building Businesses with Small Producers presents the findings and a comparative analysis of seven case studies that challenge current beliefs about good practice in the provision of business development services (BDS) to small and micro enterprises. The book also highlights issues concerning the assessment of impact, sustainability, and cost-effectiveness of such services.
The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed here are those of the authors and do not
necessarily reflect the views of the Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank or the governments
The World Bank cannot guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries,
colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not
imply on the part of the World Bank any judgment of the legal status of any territory or the endorsement
or acceptance of such boundaries....
Most small to medium-sized businesses struggle with marketing. The marketing function is often treated as a cost center--ad hoc activities that don’t provide measurable results that can be tracked to the bottom line. This e-book defines our Strategic Marketing Process that businesses can use to standardize their daily, monthly and annual revenue-generating activities. It covers more than just “traditional” marketing and ties together all go-to-market business activities: strategic planning, financial planning and measurement, creative development, marketing execution and sales.
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Up To Date Business, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Up To Date Business Home Study Circle Library Series (Volume II.) Author: Various Editor: Seymour Eaton Release Date: February 6, 2007
Winning Business and its interactive CD-ROM can help business managers, investors, small business owners, and students better understand, monitor, and improve company performance. Successful business people use indicators to monitor conditions such as return on assets, liquidity, profitability, and growth. This book helps you determine these critical performance indicators and supplies you with benchmarks to see how your company stacks up against the competition.
Abstract Most finance textbooks present the Weighted Average Cost of Capital WACC calculation as: WACC = Kd×(1-T)×D% + Ke×E% (1) Where Kd is the cost of debt before taxes, T is the tax rate, D% is the percentage of debt on total value, Ke is the cost of equity and E% is the percentage of equity on total value. All of them precise (but not with enough emphasis) that the values to calculate D% y E% are market values. Although they devote special space and thought to calculate Kd and Ke,