The C# Language Specification is the definitive source for C# syntax and usage. It contains detailed information about all aspects of the language and many points not covered in the Visual C# product documentation.
The C# Language Specification is available on line from the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN).
In Visual Studio, the language specification is in the VC#\Specifications\1033\ directory under your Visual Studio installation directory.
This International Standard specifies the form and establishes the interpretation of programs written in the C# programming language.
The representation of C# programs;
The syntax and constraints of the C# language;
The semantic rules for interpreting C# programs;
The restrictions and limits imposed by a conforming implementation of C#.
C# (pronounced “See Sharp”) is a simple, modern, object-oriented, and type-safe programming language. C#
has its roots in the C family of languages and will be immediately familiar to C, C++, and Java programmers.
C# is standardized by ECMA International as the ECMA-334 standard and by ISO/IEC as the ISO/IEC 23270
standard. Microsoft’s C# compiler for the .NET Framework is a conforming implementation of both of these
It is an exciting time to be a Windows developer. The arrival of Windows 8 is a complete game changer. The operating system and its development platform offer you an entirely new way to create rich, full-featured Windows-based applications. This team of authors takes you on a journey through all of the new development features of the Windows 8 platform specifically how to utilize Visual Studio 2012 and the XAML/C# languages to produce robust apps that are ready for deployment in the new Windows Store....
The C# community is very different in 2010 than it was in 2004 when the
first edition of Effective C# was published. There are many more developers
using C#. A large contingent of the C# community is now seeing C# as
their first professional language. They aren’t approaching C# with a set of
ingrained habits formed using a different language. The community has a
much broader range of experience. New graduates all the way to professionals
with decades of experience are using C#.
Visual C# 2012 How to Program, Fifth Edition introduces all facets of the C# 2012 language hands-on, through hundreds of working programs. This book has been thoroughly updated to reflect the major innovations Microsoft has incorporated in Visual C# 2012; all discussions and sample code have been carefully audited against the newest Visual C# language specification.
Chứa đặc tả CTS (Common Type System) mà tất cả các thành phần đều phải tuân theo. CTS hỗ trợ những khái niệm chung như: lớp, interface, delegate, kiểu tham chiếu và kiểu giá trị. Có CLS (Common Language Specification) - cung cấp các quy tắc phục vụ cho việc tích hợp ngôn ngữ.
This book divides the description of the C++ language into
two parts. Part One discusses the C-like features of C++.
This is commonly referred to as the C subset of C++. Part Two
describes those features specific to C++. Together, they describe
the entire C++ language.
As you may know, C++ was built upon the foundation of C.
In fact, C++ includes the entire C language, and (with minor
exceptions) all C programs are also C++ programs.
Trước tiên chúng ta biết Common Type System (CTS) là gì ? .NET định nghĩa thế nào các kiểu giá trị và các kiểu tham chiếu. Bố trí bộ nhớ của các kiểu dữ liệu. Nhưng CTS không đảm bảo kiểu mà nó định nghĩa từ bất kì ngôn ngữ nào, được sử dụng từ bất kì ngôn ngữ khác. Đây là vai trò của Common Language Specification (CLS). CLS xác định yêu cầu tối thiểu của các kiểu dữ liệu mà chúng được hỗ trợ bởi .NET language. ...
“With Learning Objective-C 2.0, Robert Clair cuts right to the chase and provides not only comprehensive coverage of Objective-C, but also time-saving and headache-preventing insights drawn from a depth of real world, hands-on experience. The combination of concise overview, examples, and specific implementation details allows for rapid, complete, and well-rounded understanding of the language and its core features and
This book contains guidelines and advices on how to write efficient software using the C++ language. Software correctness and maintainability are taken into account, but are not the primary concerns of the guidelines.
Most of the guidelines presented are not platform specific, and so are applicable to every processor, to every compiler, and to every operating system; the few platform specific advices try to cover most platforms.
This chapter introduces you to probably the most exciting feature added to C# 2.0 and the CLR. Those familiar with C++ templates will find generics somewhat familiar, though many fundamental differences exist. Using generics, you can provide a shell of functionality within which to define more specific types at run time.
SERVER-SIDE PROCESSING, which is when you let a server process your queries and
the like, is probably a concept you have heard of and it’s the very topic of this
chapter. Well, to some extent anyway. I discuss three specific ways of doing
server-side processing: stored procedures, triggers, and views. The good thing
about server-side processing is that you can use the power and resources of your
server for doing purely data-related processing and thus leave your client free to
do other stuff, and your network clearer of data that the client doesn’t want.
A programmer writing code in a programming language specific.The different programming languages support different styles of programming (called programming methods). Part of the programming task is the selection of one of the most suitable language to solve problems. The different programming languages require the programmer to handle the details at different levels of installed algorithms. Often, this leads to a favorable compromise between the programmer and the program's effectiveness (compromise between "programmer time" and "and the computation time")....
Mastering the development of .NET 4.0 applications in C# is less about knowing the Visual C# 2010 language and more about knowing how to use the functionality of the .NET framework class library most effectively. Visual C# 2010 Recipes explores the breadth of the .NET Framework class library and provides specific solutions to common and interesting programming problems. Each recipe is presented in a succinct problem/solution format and is accompanied by a working code sample to help you understand the concept and quickly apply it. ...
A comprehensive treatment focusing on the creation of efficient data structures and algorithms, this text explains how to select or design the data structure best suited to specific problems. It uses C++ as the programming language and is suitable for second-year data structure courses and computer science courses in algorithmic analysis.
The .NET Framework enables you to create robust and scalable applications. The .NET Framework consists of Common Language Runtime, Common Language Specification, and the Just-In-Time compiler. Before you can use Visual Studio .NET for creating a console-based application, you need to understand the .NET Framework and the Visual Studio .NET Integrated Development Environment. This chapter introduces the features and components of the .NET Framework.
"The security of information systems has not improved at a rate consistent with the growth and sophistication of the attacks being made against them. To address this problem, we must improve the underlying strategies and techniques used to create our systems. Specifically, we must build security in from the start, rather than append it as an afterthought. That's the point of Secure Coding in C and C++. In careful detail, this book shows software developers how to build high-quality systems that are less vulnerable to costly and even catastrophic attack.
.Praise for Learning Objective-C 2.0
“With Learning Objective-C 2.0, Robert Clair cuts right to the chase and provides not only comprehensive coverage of Objective-C, but also time-saving and headache-preventing insights drawn from a depth of real world, hands-on experience. The combination of concise overview, examples, and specific implementation details allows for rapid, complete, and well-rounded understanding of the language and its core features and concepts.”
—Scott D. Yelich, Mobile Application Developer