Cacao agroforestry

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  • The Mexican legal system is a mixture of U.S. constitutional theory within a civil law system. Mexico’s legal framework concerning real property includes the Federal Constitution, Federal Civil Code, state civil codes, municipal laws and ordinances. Additionally, the Foreign Investment Law and Foreign Investment Law Regulations regulate foreign investment. In Mexico, real property is classified as either public, private or communal, the nature of which will affect the property’s use and potential alienation.

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  • Empirical evidence regarding international relative prices at the consumer level suggests that arbitrage in international markets is not rapid and that these markets are highly segmented. In fact, even markets for traded goods appear to be highly segmented internationally: In the data, both real exchange rate movements and deviations from the law of one price for traded goods are large and persistent.

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  • The dehesa is an ancient agrosilvopastoral system created by farmers to raise livestock, mainly on private lands. This system is highly appreciated by society and enjoys legal protection of the authorities because it is rich in biodiversity, a home to critically endangered species (Iberian lynx, imperial eagle and black vulture); a significant carbon sink; ethnologically and anthropologically valuable (culture and traditions); and is known for its scenic value.

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  • The web in recent years has experienced an explosion in the number of devices users employ to access services. A single user may access a certain service using multiple devices. Most services allow clients to access the service through a broker. The client is then forced to interact with the service via this broker throughout the duration that it is using the service. If the broker fails, the client is denied servicing till such time that the failed broker recovers.

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  • Roger-Mark De Souza is the technical director of the population, health, and environment program at the Population Reference Bureau. His responsibilities include designing, managing and implementing policy research, capacity building, technical assistance, and media projects in developing countries. De Souza holds graduate degrees from the George Washington University and the University of the West Indies. John S. Williams, a demographer at the Population Reference Bureau, specializes in population, environment, and community programs.

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  • Neither source of performance is particularly correlated with the four Fama-French benchmarks, indicating that the private skills identified by these predictability-based strategies are based on characteristics of funds that are heretofore undocumented by the mutual fund literature. The remainder of this paper proceeds as follows. Section 2 sets forth an econometric framework for studying investments in mutual funds when business cycle variables may predict future returns. Section 3 describes the data used in the empirical analysis, and Section 4 presents the findings.

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  • Overall, our analysis can be understood as one of the first cross-country empirical studies on the determinants of bank fees and as a contribution to the literature testing the contradictory empirical predictions of the SCP and ES hypotheses regarding the influence of concentration on prices in the banking industry.

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  • Bond funds, which accounted for €373 billion of Irish IFs by shares/units in issue, experienced inflows of €12 billion and positive revaluations of €4.2 billion, amid generally increasing bond prices. This continues a longer term trend of significant inflows into bond funds, which comprised 42 per cent of Irish IFs by end-Q3 2012, compared with 24 per cent at end-Q1 2010.

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  • Clearly there is not enough training. National and local governments should start paying more attention to training needs and budgets, be- cause the bilateral and the multilateral agencies cannot keep supporting training at the current rate. National budgets have to start allocating resources for training. There are some management issues. A demand-driven approach may reduce funding for poorer communities, because they are often the ones least able to develop their own projects.

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  • For all its unique and novel aspects, social media is simply another method by which individuals and entities interact and communicate. In the insurance context, these individuals and entities include insurance companies, their employees, appointed producers, consumers, potential consumers and regulators. Thus, this document is intended to both educate these various groups and provide guidance to regulators, insurance companies and producers for addressing various social media concerns.

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  • The economic reforms implemented since the signing of the GPA have borne positive results for the economy. Real GDP grew by about 6% in 2009 and is estimated to have grown by 9% in 2010. The adoption of the multi-currency regime along with the tightening of fiscal policy stance through the implementation of a cash-based budget system has helped Zimbabwe to bring down inflation to the commendable level of 3.0% by end-April 2011. In the medium term, Zimbabwe’s prospects and performance will be largely determined by political developments and how these impact the economy.

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  • The Australian National University International Sculpture Park is an extension of the University’s impressive commissioned artworks program. Located on the beautiful Acton Peninsula at the south end of the campus, the Park embraces the Old Canberra House precinct and extends across undulating grassy slopes and gullies and open woodlands, to the shore of Lake Burley Griffin. Magnificent original eucalypts and more recently planted Brittle Gums trace the sweeping line of what was old Balmain Crescent.

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  • It is not easy to give a clear definition of real assets. The equivalent German term Sachwert refers only to the reproduction value (replacement cost) of a good. In an investment concept, a real asset is defined as a good that is independent from variations in the value of money. 1 This definition alone provides sufficient motive for the integration of real assets in portfolios. In times of high inflation, real assets should protect financial resources against loss of purchasing power. It is by no means clear what goods should be included in the real assets group.

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  • As seen in Table 5, the average WHP caseload of non-PPFA facilities in the five areas ranges from 21 per provider in Hidalgo County to 112 in Dallas. If Planned Parenthood affiliates were excluded from WHP, the remaining non-PPFA clinics would have to absorb a massive increase in WHP patients in order to maintain the overall 2011 caseload level. Non-PPFA clinics in Bexar and Dallas Counties would have to double their capacity. Lubbock County providers would need to expand by 250% if the Planned Parenthood affiliate was excluded.

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  • The Mangalore coast which is situated at the western part of the Indian peninsula stretching to about 22 Kms of Coastal district of Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka. The healthy condition of the aquatic system depends upon its physical, chemical and biological characteristics which actually fluctuate with season and degree of pollution. Marine ecosystem is one of the richest ecosystems (Cairns & Dickson, 1971). Industrialisation, development activities in coastal zones have placed enormous stress on habitats.

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  • Many examples of P2P systems have emerged recently, most of which are wide-area, large-scale systems that provide content sharing [12], storage services [10], or distributed “grid” computation [4, 11]. Smaller-scale P2P systems also exist, such as federated, serverless file systems [2, 1] and collaborative workgroup tools [7]. The success of these systems has been mixed; some, such as Napster, have enjoyed enormous popularity and perform well at scale.

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  • In 2010, an estimated 16 million operative procedures were performed in the United States.1 A recent prevalence study found that SSIs were the most common healthcare-associated infection, accounting for 31% of all HAIs among hospitalized patients.2 NHSN data for 2006-2008 (16,147 SSIs following 849,659 operative procedures) showed an overall SSI rate of 1.9%.

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  • Rehydration consists not only of the ingestion of water but also of its absorption and distribution throughout the body tissues. Because of large buffering capacity of their alimentary tract, ruminants are able to drink large quantities of water in a very short time after a period of privation. Animals without this capacity are rarely able to take all their requirements in one short session, mainly due to the problems associated with haemolysis. Some non-ruminants are, however, capable of rapid drinking, including dogs and donkeys.

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  • Finally, mobile element based markers are expected to be co-dominant. However, despite the fact that they are extremely useful for population genetics, all mobile element based markers have the same drawback: difficultly of data interpretation and uncertainty about the true nature of the polymorphism. Specifically, the question may arise as to whether differences in banding patterns are due to the absence or presence of retrotransposons, or are caused by some other mechanism, e.g. indels or restriction site loss.

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  • Construction activities have significant potential to have adverse environmental impacts. During this phase, often a large transient workforce is employed, workforce numbers tend to peak and material and equipment movements tend to be large. Impacts are typically related to land disturbance caused by earth- works, air emissions from dust, noise from equipment and construction activities and heavy volumes of traf- fic on access roads. In many cases, specialized third party companies and consultants conduct mine construction activities.

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