Abstract Most finance textbooks present the Weighted Average Cost of Capital WACC calculation as: WACC = Kd×(1-T)×D% + Ke×E% (1) Where Kd is the cost of debt before taxes, T is the tax rate, D% is the percentage of debt on total value, Ke is the cost of equity and E% is the percentage of equity on total value. All of them precise (but not with enough emphasis) that the values to calculate D% y E% are market values. Although they devote special space and thought to calculate Kd and Ke,
The ESBG is also concerned for the activities that would be included in the ring-fence. In
the Liikanen Report it is said that assets held for trading would be included for the sake of
the calculation of trading assets. The ESBG believes that this approach would create serious
problems for the management of asset portfolios, affecting a great number of fixed-term
assets held to comply with the liquidity coverage ratio amongst other reasons. We consider
that for the sake of the calibration of the trading activities it would be more appropriate to
In this chapter: Relate venture capital methods to more formal equity valuation methods, understand how valuation and percent ownership are related, calculate the amount of shares to be issued to secure a fixed amount of funding, understand the impact of subsequent financing rounds on the structure of the current financing round, construct multiple-scenario valuations and unify them in a single valuation.
The goal in this chapter is to provide a perspective on capital market history. After studying this chapter, you should understand: How to calculate the return on an investment, the historical returns on various important types of investments, the historical risks on various important types of investments, the implications of market efficiency.
This lecture introduces you to some lessons from capital market history. After completing this unit, you should be able to: Know how to calculate the return on an investment, understand the historical returns on various types of investments, understand the historical risks on various types of investments.
Chapter 6 - Measuring and calculating interest rates and financial asset prices. In this chapter you will explore the important relationships between the interest rates on bonds and other financial instruments and their market value or price; you will be introduced to the many different ways lending institutions may calculate the interest rates they charge borrowers for loans; you will be able to determine how interest rates or yields on deposits in banks, credit unions, and other depository institutions are figured.
After studying Chapter 13, you should be able to: Understand the three major discounted cash flow (DCF) methods of project evaluation and selection – internal rate of return (IRR), net present value (NPV), and profitability index (PI); explain the calculation, acceptance criterion, and advantages (over the PBP method) for each of the three major DCF methods;...
After studying chapter 15, you should be able to: Explain how a firm creates value, and identify the key sources of value creation; define the overall “cost of capital” of the firm, calculate the costs of the individual components of a firm’s overall cost of capital: cost of debt, cost of preferred stock, and cost of equity;...
The Palestinian stock market has a number of key players, including the
Palestine Securities Exchange, public listed companies, brokerage firms,
the Capital Market Authority (CMA) and shareholders. The Palestine stock
market was created in 1996, performing its first deal early in 1997. It
evolved quickly in the last ten years, the number of listed companies
reaching 35 with a capitalization of US$ 950 million.
The long duration of Trichet bonds removes the immediate crisis caused by short term
expiration of significant amounts of debt which is looming over Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain
and possibly other EU countries. Trichet bonds allow distressed countries to defer maturities
over a longer period and to effect economic reforms before having to return to capital markets on
the basis of their own credit-worthiness. Trichet Bonds will enable sovereigns to see bond
spreads be reduced considerably from their record levels at present.
For nearly 20 years, since the emergence of PCs, Lotus 1-2-3, and Microsoft Excel in the 1980’s,
spreadsheet models have been the dominant vehicles for finance professionals in the business world to
implement their financial knowledge. Yet even today, most Corporate Finance textbooks rely on
calculators as the primary tool and have little (if any) coverage of how to build spreadsheet models. This
book fills that gap. It teaches students how to build financial models in Excel.
Basics of Corporate Finance serves as an introductory course for students beginning
their study of finance and financial markets. The ideas and calculations presented in
this workbook serve as the foundation for continued study in the areas related to
corporate finance and the capital and derivative markets. The purpose of this course
is to help the student build a working vocabulary of the financial world and to
understand the basic computations used by analysts working in the corporate finance
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This book explains the ﬁnancial appraisal of capital budgeting projects. The coverage extends from the development of basic concepts, principles and techniques to the application of them in increasingly complex and real-world situations. Identiﬁcation and estimation (including forecasting) of cash ﬂows, project appraisal formulae and the application of net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR) and other project evaluation criteria are illustrated with a variety of calculation examples.
Suitable as a supplement or primary text, FAME integrates corporate finance with spreadsheet analysis using Excel. It is ideal for courses in financial management, financial models, capital budgeting, or case courses. This edition is updated for Excel 2000 as well as new topics in finance.
Destination marketing is increasingly becoming extremely competitive worldwide. This paper
explains the destination concept and attempts to synthesise several models for strategic marketing
and management of destinations. It provides an overview of several techniques widely used and
illustrates examples from around the world. The paper also explains that marketing of destinations
should balance the strategic objectives of all stakeholders as well the sustainability of local
Severe chemical contamination was found in ash contaminated
soil samples from open burning sites at both Agbogbloshie and
Korforidua, as well as in sediment from a shallow lagoon at the
Agbogbloshie site. Most samples contained numerous toxic and
persistent organic chemical pollutants, as well as very high levels of
many toxic metals, the majority of which are either known to be used
in electronic devices, or are likely to be formed during the open-
burning of materials used in such devices.
Bài giảng Chapter 5: Risk and return - Portfolio theory and asset pricing models presents of portfolio theory, capital asset pricing model (CAPM) (efficient frontier, capital market line (CML), security market line (SML), beta calculation, beta calculation), arbitrage pricing theory, fama french 3 factor model.
Regarding banks’ capital structures, the standard view is that capital regulation
constitutes an additional, overriding departure from the Modigliani-Miller irrelevance
proposition (see for example Berger et al., 1995, Miller, 1995, or Santos, 2001). Commercial
banks have deposits that are insured to protect depositors and to ensure financial stability. In
order to mitigate the moral-hazard of this insurance, commercial banks must be required to
hold a minimum amount of capital.
SAIs also face widely varying situations regarding the extent of the discretion that they have
in the use of available audit resources. Some have almost total discretion in selecting which
audits to perform and when to perform them. Others are constrained by requirements in law
to perform certain audits, such as an annual audit of the execution of the state budget.
Results may need to be delivered by a specified date that may consume a substantial portion
of the available audit resources, at least during certain periods of the year. Nevertheless, all
It was definitely a capital-K Knock, the kind of knock they Foley in for police flicks, with a lot
of ominous reverb that cuts off sharply, whang, whang, whang. The thunder of authority on
two legs. It even penetrated my headphones, shook all the way down to my balls with the
premonition of something awful about to come.